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地球科学进展  2003, Vol. 18 Issue (6): 899-905    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2003.06.0899
研究论文     
昆明市地热田越流含水系统中地下热水的数值模拟
薛传东1,2,刘星1,杨浩2,李保珠1,谈树成1,3
1.昆明理工大学地球科学系,云南 昆明 650093;2.中国科学院南京土壤研究所,江苏 南京 210008;3.云南大学地球科学系,云南 昆明 650091
NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF GEOTHERMAL GROUNDWATER IN LEAKY AQUIFER SYSTEM, IN KUNMING CITY GEOTHERMAL FIELD
Xue Chuandong1,2,Liu Xing1, Yang Hao2, Li Baozhu1,Tan Shucheng1,3
1. Department of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Land Resource and Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming, 650093, China;2. Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China;3. Department of Earth Sciences, College of Resource, Environment and Earth Science, Yunnan
 University, Kunming  650091, China
 全文: PDF 
摘要:

深层基岩地下(热)水水化学污染问题日趋严重,急需定量而仿真地模拟和预报天然状态和各种人为工程经济活动下地下(热)水流动及溶质(或污染物)的运移。在充分认识地质、水文地质条件的基础上,建立了考虑温压变化和越流条件的昆明市地热田深层基岩地下热水系统中水流和溶质运移的准三维非稳定流数学模型。模型用于开采条件下地热田地下热水水位及 F、Cl浓度的模拟,模拟结果具有较高的仿真性,拟合误差一般小于 2%~5%,表明模型合理、可靠。应用所建模型预测了开采条件下昆明市地热田II块段地下热水流场和溶质浓度动态的变化趋势,并提出了控制地下热水环境进一步恶化的措施。

关键词: 地下热水越流含水系统溶质(污染质)运移数值模型昆明市地热田    
Abstract:

With the increasing seriousness of groundwater(or geothermal groundwater)  pollution,the need for modeling and predicting groundwater flow and solute mass(or contaminants) transport in groundwater system of the basement rock aquifers under the condition of nature and human activity  has imposed extraordinary demands on the field of groundwater modeling, which has been brought to the great notice of experts at home and abroad.  In accordance with the geological and hydrogeologic conditions of Kunming city geothermal field,which is a large low temperature geothermal groundwater field, a quasi-three dimensional numerical model with temperature and pressure variation in the geothermal leaky aquifers system is presented based on the authors' recent years' research in this paper. It is coupled with the well-known groundwater flow model and a heat transfer model and a mass(contaminant) transport model. The above model is applied to describe the geothermal groundwater hydraulic-level and concentration of the simulated mass factor(contaminant)  versus time of Z2dn aquifer in II block under the situation of exploitation.The simulated results agree well with the observed facts.The average error of geothermal water hydraulic-level is less than 1.5 meter,and the average error of chlorin ion and vitriol ion are both less than 3 to 5 percent. It is revealed that the present model is reliable and practical. Finally, the changes of the geothermal water seepage field and the mass(contaminant) concentration is evaluated and predicted quantitatively under the current scale of exploitation. The appropriate corresponding counter-measures to sustainable exploitation and utilization have been proposed.

Key words: Geothermal groundwater    Leaky aquifer system    Mass(contaminant) transport    Numerical simulation model    Kunming city geothermal field.
收稿日期: 2002-12-06 出版日期: 2003-12-01
:  P641.2  
基金资助:

云南省自然科学基金项目“昆明盆地地下热水开发的环境效应”(编号:1999D006Q);“昆明热田地下热水系统的耦合动力学模拟”(编号:2003D009Q)资助.

通讯作者: 薛传东     E-mail: cdxue@hotmail.com
作者简介: 薛传东(1971-),男,河南永城人,副教授,主要从事资源环境与地质的教学与研究.E-mail:cdxue@hotmail.com
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引用本文:

薛传东,刘星,杨浩,李保珠,谈树成. 昆明市地热田越流含水系统中地下热水的数值模拟[J]. 地球科学进展, 2003, 18(6): 899-905.

Xue Chuandong,Liu Xing, Yang Hao, Li Baozhu,Tan Shucheng. NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF GEOTHERMAL GROUNDWATER IN LEAKY AQUIFER SYSTEM, IN KUNMING CITY GEOTHERMAL FIELD. Advances in Earth Science, 2003, 18(6): 899-905.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2003.06.0899        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2003/V18/I6/899

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