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地球科学进展  2002, Vol. 17 Issue (2): 174-181    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2002.02.0174
土地利用/覆盖变化动力学研究进展与展望     
论中国北方农牧交错带的生态环境建设与系统功能整合
刘林德1,2, 高玉葆1
1.南开大学生命科学学院,天津 300071;2.烟台师范学院生物科学与技术系,山东 烟台 264025
ECO-ENVIRONMENTAL CONSTRUCTION AND FUNCTIONAL INTEGRATION OF THE FARMLAND-PASTORAL ECOTONES IN THE NORTHERN PART OF CHINA
LIU Lin-de1,2, GAO Yu-bao1
1.College of Life Science, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071,China; 2. Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Yantai Normal University, Yantai 264025,China
 全文: PDF(157 KB)  
摘要:

在简要分析中国北方农牧交错带形成历史和现状的基础上,提出了北方地区生态环境建设必须从产业结构调整出发、进行系统功能整合的思路:①把人工饲草业-舍饲畜牧业摆在农牧交错带经济发展的优先位置,推行新型畜牧业经营管理模式,促进天然草场改良复壮;②发展"绿色"农林牧产品精细加工业,建立多元化产业结构;③发挥能源和矿产资源优势,合理利用水资源,限制以破坏环境为代价的产业的发展;④推广区域综合治理与生态恢复技术,加大退耕还林还草的力度;⑤山、水、路、农、林、牧统一规划,实现生态系统在景观水平上的整合。

关键词: 农牧交错带生态环境建设产业结构调整系统功能整合    
Abstract:

Based on an analysis of the history and present status of the farmland-pastoral ecotone in the northern part of China, a new point of view was proposed in this paper for the construction  of eco-environmental systems, namely, the industrial structure has to be modified so as to make  a functional integration between different parts of the whole system: ①To give priority to a combination between cultivated grassland and in-shed feeding of domestic animals, and at the same time, to employ a new model of animal husbandry so that the degradated natural grassland can be recovered; ②To develop a new type of processing industry for agricultural and forestal products so as to  create a pluralistic enterprise structure; ③ To make a better use of water resources by taking advantages of the abundant resources of energy and minerals, and to restrain the expansion of industries of high environmental cost; ④To employ techniques of integration management and restoration ecology, and to speed up the process of woodland and grassland recovery; ⑤To make a thorough plan for arrangements of hills, waters, roads, farmlands, forests and pastures in order to gain an integration at landscape level.

Key words: Farmland-pastoral ecotone    Eco-environmental construction    Manipulation of industrial structure    Functional integration of whole system.
收稿日期: 2001-12-07 出版日期: 2002-04-01
:  X17  
基金资助:

国家重点基础研究发展规划项目“草地与农牧交错带生态系统重建机理及优化生态—生产范式”(编号:G2000018607)资助.

通讯作者: 刘林德(1964-),男,山东烟台人,教授,主要从事与生物资源开发、利用和保护相关的生态学、生殖生物学及遗传学问题的研究.E-mail: shebei@ytnc.edu.cn      E-mail: shebei@ytnc.edu.cn
作者简介: 刘林德(1964-),男,山东烟台人,教授,主要从事与生物资源开发、利用和保护相关的生态学、生殖生物学及遗传学问题的研究.E-mail: shebei@ytnc.edu.cn
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引用本文:

刘林德, 高玉葆. 论中国北方农牧交错带的生态环境建设与系统功能整合[J]. 地球科学进展, 2002, 17(2): 174-181.

LIU Lin-de, GAO Yu-bao. ECO-ENVIRONMENTAL CONSTRUCTION AND FUNCTIONAL INTEGRATION OF THE FARMLAND-PASTORAL ECOTONES IN THE NORTHERN PART OF CHINA. Advances in Earth Science, 2002, 17(2): 174-181.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2002.02.0174        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2002/V17/I2/174

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