Please wait a minute...
img img
高级检索
地球科学进展  1998, Vol. 13 Issue (5): 488-494    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.1998.05.0488
干旱气候变化与可持续发展     
全球变化中土壤信息系统的研究进展
朱松丽2,1,陈育峰1
1.中国科学院地理研究所资源与环境信息系统国家重点实验室 北京 100101;2.北京师范大学环境科学研究所 北京 100875
RESEARCH PROGRESSES IN SOIL INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR GLOBAL CHANGE STUDIES
Zhu Songli2,1,Chen Yufeng1
1.State Key Laboratory of Resource and Environment Information System, Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101; 2.Institute of Environmental Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875
 全文: PDF(249 KB)  
摘要:

地理信息系统(GIS)支持下的土壤信息系统(SIS)在评价土地生产能力、土地退化的现状、速率和风险以及全球变化研究中具有重要意义。简述了国内外SIS的研究进展,包括FAO世界土壤图的出版和修正、数字化世界土壤资源数据库(SDB)的建立、土壤—土地数字化数据库(SOTER)在全世界的进展、世界土壤排放清单(WISE)的发展以及美国和我国的SIS进展情况。在此基础上简介了土壤属性空间变异性的研究方法———地形分析和地质统计学,并指出地质统计学与GIS的结合将是未来的发展趋势。

关键词: 土壤信息系统土壤—土地数字化数据库(SOTER)世界土壤排放清单(WISE)地形分析地质统计学    
Abstract:

GIS-based soil information system(SIS) is very important for assessment of the capacity of land production, the status, rates of soil degradation and global change studies. In this paper, the research progresses in SIS development in recent years are introduced, including FAO Soil Map of World(SMW) and its revised legends, World Soil Database(SDB), World Soil and Terrain Digital Database(SOTER), World Inventory of Soils Emission potentials(WISE) and the progresses in USA and China; then two methods such as terrain analysis and geostatistics that used widely to diagnose soil spatial variability in soil mapping are presented. From the trend of SIS, it is necessary to integrate spatial analysis with GIS.

Key words: Soil Information System    SOTER    WISE    Terrain analysis    Geostatistics.
收稿日期: 1997-12-12 出版日期: 1998-10-01
:  TP392  
基金资助:

国家科委“九五”重点科技攻关项目“土地利用改变与主要温室气体排放的研究”(96-911-01-01)部分成果。

通讯作者: 朱松丽   
作者简介: 朱松丽, 女, 1970 年 12 月出生, 在读硕士生, 研究方向为环境信息管理与动态仿真。
服务  
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章  

引用本文:

朱松丽,陈育峰 . 全球变化中土壤信息系统的研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 1998, 13(5): 488-494.

Zhu Songli,Chen Yufeng. RESEARCH PROGRESSES IN SOIL INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR GLOBAL CHANGE STUDIES. Advances in Earth Science, 1998, 13(5): 488-494.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.1998.05.0488        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y1998/V13/I5/488

[1] 周慧珍. 土壤地理信息系统. 土壤, 1993, 21(6) : 32-36.
[2] FAO. Soil Map of the World(1∶5 M ). UNESCO, Paris. 1971-1981, Vol 110.
[3] Prentice C, Cramer W, Harrison S P, et al. A global biome model based on plant physiology and dominance, soil properties and Climate. Journal of Biogeography, 1992, 19: 117-134.
[4] FAO. FAO-UNESCO Soil Map of the World Revised Legend. World Soil Resources Reports. 1988, Vol 60.
[5] FAO/ ISRIC. FAO-ISRIC Soil Database(SDB). World Soil Resources Reports. 1989, Vol 64.
[6] FAO/ISRIC/CSIC. Multilingual Soil Database. World Soil Resources Reports. 1995, Vol 81.
[7] FAO. World Soil Resources: An explanatory note on the FAO world soil resources map at 1∶25 000 000 scale. World Soil Resources Reports.1991, Vol 66.
[8] 周慧珍. 简介1∶100万世界土壤与土地数字化数据库. 土壤通报,1991,22(3):102-103.
[9] Oldeman L R, VanEngelen V W P. A world soils and terrain digital database (SOTER): an improved assessment to land resources. Geoderma, 1993, 60: 309-325.
[10] FAO. Global and national soil and terrain digital databases (SOTER). World Soil Resources Reports. 1995, Vol 74, Rev.
[11] 龚子同. 面向 21 世纪的土壤地理学. 土壤学进展, 1995, 23(1): 18.
[12] Batjes N H, Bridges E M. Potential emission of radiatively active gases from soil to atmosphere with special reference to methane: Development of a global database (WISE). Journal of Geophysical Research, 1994, 99D (8):16 479- 16 489.
[13] Batjes N H. Total carbon and nitrogen in the soils of the world. European Journal of Soils Science, 1996, 47: 151-163.
[14] White J G. Soil Zinc Map of USA using Geostatistics and Geographic Information System. Soil Sci Soc Am J, 1997, 61:185-194.
[15] Ernstrom D J. Enhanced soils information system from advances in computer technology. Geoderma, 1993, 60: 327-441.
[16] 全国土壤普查办公室. 中国土种志(第一卷). 北京: 中国农业出版社, 1993.
[17] 孙成权, 施永辉. 中国全球变化研究能力评价. 地球科学进展,1997,12(6):564-573.
[18] 贺红土, 侯彦林. 区域微机土壤信息系统的建立和应用. 土壤学报, 1991, 28(4): 345-354.
[19] 国家自然科学基金编. 土壤学. 北京: 科学出版社, 1997.
[20] 孙波, 张桃林, 赵其国. 我国东南丘陵山区土壤肥力的综合评价. 土壤学报, 1995, 32(4): 362- 269.
[21] 王效举, 龚子同, 张西森. 红壤丘陵小区域水平不同时段土壤质量变化的评价和分析. 地理研究, 1997, 17(2): 141-149.
[22] Moore I D. Soil Attribute Prediction Using Terrain Analysis. Soil Sci Soc Am J, 1993, 57: 443-452.
[23] Bourennane H. Improving the kriging of soil variable using slope gradient as external drift. European Journal of Soil Science, 1996, 47: 473-483.
[24] Gessier P E. Soil-landscape modeling and spatial prediction of soil attributes. Int J Geographical Information System,1995, 9(4) : 421-432.
[25] Odeh I O A. Further result on prediction of soil properties from terrain attributes: heterotopic cokriging and regression-kriging. Geoderma, 1995, 67: 215-226.
[26] 王学军. 空间分析技术与地理信息系统的结合. 地理研究, 1997, 16(3): 70- 73.
[27] 侯景儒, 郭光裕著. 矿产统计预测及地质统计学的理论与应用. 北京: 冶金出版社, 1993.
[28] Voltz P. Predicting soil properties over a region using sample information from a mapped reference area. European Journal of Soil Science, 1997, 48: 19-30.
[29] Crawford C A.Incorporating Spatial Trends and Anisotropy in Geostatistical Mapping of Soil Properties. Soil Sci Soc Am J, 1997, 61:298-309.
[30] Smith J. Using Multiple-Variable Indicator kriging for Evaluating Soil Quality. Soil Sci Soc Am J, 1993, 57: 743- 749.
[31] Goovaerts P. Integrating soil map information in modeling the spatial variation of continuous soil properties. European Journal of Soil Science. 1995, 46: 397-414.
[32] Yates S R, Warrick A W. Estimation soil water content using Cokriging. Soil Sci Soc Am J, 1991, 51(1): 23-29.
[33] Mahmoudjafari M, Kluitenberg G J, Havlin J L, et al. Spatial variability of nitrogen mineralization at the field scale. Soil Sci Soc Am J, 1997, 61(4): 1 214-1 221.
[34] Trangmar B B, Yost R S, Wade M K, et al. Spatial variation of soil properties and rice yield on recently clear land. Soil Sci Soc Am J, 1987, 51(3): 668- 674.
[35] Ding Y M, Fotheringham A S. The integration of spatial analysis and GIS. Computer, Environment and Urban System, 1992, 16:3-19.
[36] Eger H.波恩第九次ISCO会议主题: 行动起来实现土地的可持续利用. 人类环境学杂志(AMBIO中文版), 1996,25(8):480-483.

[1] 刘春学,秦德先,党玉涛,谈树成. 个旧锡矿高松矿田综合信息矿产预测[J]. 地球科学进展, 2003, 18(6): 921-927.
[2] 李硕,曾志远,张运生. 数字地形分析技术在分布式水文建模中的应用[J]. 地球科学进展, 2002, 17(5): 769-775.
[3] 肖 斌,赵鹏大,侯景儒. 地质统计学新进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2000, 15(3): 293-296.