Advances in Earth Science ›› 2016, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (9): 968-983. doi: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2016.09.0968

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Research Status and Advance in Carbon Isotope (δ 13C) Variation from Stalagmite

Huang Wei 1, 2, 3, Liu Dianbing 1, Wang Luyao 1, Zhang Zhenqiu 1   

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Virtual Geographic Environment,School of Geography Science, Nanjing Normal University, Ministry of Education, Nanjing 210023, China;
    2.State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base of Geographical Environment Evolution (Jiangsu Province), Nanjing 210023, China;
    3.Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development and Application, Nanjing 210023, China
  • Received:2016-06-18 Revised:2016-08-10 Online:2016-09-20 Published:2016-09-20
  • About author:Huang Wei (1989-), male, Ruijin County, Jiangxi Province, Ph.D student. Research areas include paleo-hydroclimate based on the cave and global
  • Supported by:
    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China “High-resolved stalagmite records of southern China and associated forcing mechanisms since the late Quaternary”(No.41130210) the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions(No.164320H116)

Huang Wei, Liu Dianbing, Wang Luyao, Zhang Zhenqiu. Research Status and Advance in Carbon Isotope (δ 13C) Variation from Stalagmite[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2016, 31(9): 968-983.

The application of carbon isotope (δ 13C) collected from stalagmite to reconstruct the past climate and/or ecologic evolution, relative to other preserved indicators, is much limited due to its complex influencing factors including climate outside cave and complicated and site-specific karstic process. In terms of various climate and non-climate limiting factors on stalagmite δ 13C, and combined with a large number of geological records and modern cave monitoring data of the latest researches, the pathway and behavior of the signal transmission of δ 13C in the cave system were analyzed. The possible relationship between δ 13C excursions and climate oscillations under different time scales was thus discussed. Although the degree of noise becomes increasing mixed with δ 13C on centennial scales or shorter, the climatic elements, such as temperature and humidity (or precipitation), as predominant modulators exert directly or indirectly influence on vegetation overlying the soil and associated soil CO 2 productivity on millennial-orbital scales. Future work should be focused on further deeply extracting the common δ 13C signals from specific caves by exploring the controlling factors, both including climatic and non-climatic ones, attaching importance to the seasonal characteristics of stalagmite δ 13C, and taking full advantage of its potential in the indication of local environmental events. The use of multi-proxy and multi-method will contribute to better understanding the interesting linkages among the δ 13C characteristics, karstic process, global carbon cycle and associated climate change.
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