Advances in Earth Science ›› 2016, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (5): 445-460. doi: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2016.05.0445.

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Fifteen Years of Ocean Observations with China Argo

Liu Zenghong 1, Wu Xiaofen 1, Xu Jianping 1, *, Li Hong 2, Lu Shaolei 1, Sun Chaohui 1, Cao Minjie 1   

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Satellite Ocean Environment Dynamics, Second Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Hangzhou 310012, China;
    2.Zhejiang Institute of Hydraulics and Estuary, Hangzhou 310020, China
  • Received:2016-02-18 Revised:2016-04-28 Online:2016-05-10 Published:2016-05-10
  • About author:Liu Zenghong(1977-), male, Wuxi City, Jiangsu Province, Associate Professor. Research areas include physical oceanographic investigation and research.E-mail:liuzenghong@139.comCorresponding author:Xu Jianping(1956-), male, Changshu City, Jiangsu Province, Professor. Research areas include physical oceanographic investigation and research.E-mail:sioxjp@139.com
  • Supported by:
    Project supported by the Science and Technology Basic Work of Ministry of Science and Technology “Argo real-time investigation in the Western Pacific ocean”(No; 2012FY112300); The Program of Marine Public Welfare Research Special Funds “Development and demonstration of numerical predicting system for ocean environment in Indian Ocean”(No; 201005033)

Liu Zenghong, Wu Xiaofen, Xu Jianping, Li Hong, Lu Shaolei, Sun Chaohui, Cao Minjie. Fifteen Years of Ocean Observations with China Argo[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2016, 31(5): 445-460.

For 15 years since the beginning of China Argo project, China has deployed over 350 profiling floats in Pacific and Indian ocean, and constructed China Argo ocean observing network. Moreover, we have setup the Argo data receiving, processing and distributing system, and developed various Argo data products using Argo observations, which has promoted the progress of ocean data sharing in China. The abundant Argo data have become a main data source in oceanic and atmospheric basic researches and operational applications. A batch of important achievements in basic research and operational application have been brought, e.g. in aspects of tropical cyclone (typhoon), ocean circulation, meso-scale eddy, turbulence, heat/salt storage and transport and water mass, as well as in ocean, atmosphere/climate operational forecasting and predicting. With the extension of the international Argo program from “Core Argo” to “Global Argo”, we are faced with great challenges in the long-term maintaining and sustained developing of our Argo ocean observing network. It is suggested that we should take the opportunity to construct China regional Argo ocean observing network as soon as possible in adjacent northwestern Pacific and Indian ocean using Chinese BeiDou profiling floats, which will make us to take responsibility and obligation of a big country for addressing global climate changes and preventing natural disasters.
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