Advances in Earth Science ›› 2013, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (5): 529-536. doi: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2013.05.0529

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A Cabled Oceanographic Monitoring Network in the Northern Arabian Sea: Success, Challenges and Opportunities

Wang Zhankun 1,Steven DiMarco 1,Stephanie Ingle 2, Leila Belabbassi 2   

  1. 1.Department of Oceanography, Texas A & M University, College Station, Texas, 77843, USA;
    2.Lighthouse R&D Enterprises, Inc., Houston, TX, 77060, USA
  • Received:2013-04-07 Revised:2013-04-11 Online:2013-05-10 Published:2013-05-10

Wang Zhankun,Steven DiMarco,Stephanie Ingle, Leila Belabbassi. A Cabled Oceanographic Monitoring Network in the Northern Arabian Sea: Success, Challenges and Opportunities[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2013, 28(5): 529-536.

 An ocean observatory—Consisting of a realtime, cabled system in the Sea of Oman and an internallyrecording, autonomous mooring system upgraded in 2010 to a cabled system in the northern Arabian Sea—was installed in 2005. Lighthouse R & D Enterprises designed and installed and now operates and maintains the systems with permission from the Oman Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries Wealth. The two systems have collected a continuous sevenyear time series record of current velocities, temperature, pressure, salinity, dissolved oxygen, and turbidity in a region where several water masses converge and subsequently spread southward to the Indian Ocean. The systems have provided new insights into physical and biological oceanographic processes of the northwestern Indian Ocean, which is strongly affected by monsoonal winds, along with lessons learned and best practices in the operation and application of ocean observatories to ocean science. In this presentation, we show four recent studies on the scientific highlights resulting from the data collected by the two systems with supporting data from other sources. The topics of those four studies include: ①The deepwater oceanic responses excited by the passage of Cyclone Gonu, the largestever recorded cyclone in the region; ② The seasonality associated with the upwelling of low oxygen water along the northern Oman coast and insights on the interannual variability of this process; ③ The temporal and spatial evolution of an acoustic backscatter layer; ④ The pulselike salinity/temperature events in the northeastern Arabian Sea and Sea of Oman. The observatory provides a longterm, timeseries data record useful for performing important scientific research related  ot  the general dynamical patterns of the region, quantifying seasonal variability of water column properties, and establishing a time series of sufficient duration to deduce the potential impacts of climate change. Furthermore, observations taken over the full, 25+ year lifetime of a typical cabled system will be extremely useful for evaluating numerical ocean circulation and coupled atmosphericoceanic models under various climate scenarios.

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