Please wait a minute...
img img
Adv. Search
Advances in Earth Science  2010, Vol. 25 Issue (7): 673-681    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2010.07.0673
Articles     
Scale Characteristics and Coupled Research of Landscape Pattern and Soil and Water Loss
Fu Bojie, Xu Yanda, Lv Yihe
State Key Laboratory of Urban and Regional Ecology, Research Center for Eco-environmental Science, Beijing 100085, China
Download:  PDF (1114KB) 
Export:  BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
Abstract  

Coupled research between landscape pattern and ecological processes is a key topic of landscape ecology, as well as a point for deepening of comprehensive physical geography. Scale effects and scaling are challenges for ecologists. Dealing with the scale issues should follow the deep understanding of interaction michanism and scale characteristic between pattern and processes. As one of ecological processes, soil and water loss has been paid much attention. Controling soil and water loss needs a solid scientific foundation, which includes coupled study between landscape pattern and soil and water loss in different scales, analysis of landscape pattern heterogenity, conclusion of factors affecting soil and water loss, scaling approaches, coupled models, etc. These researches will contribute to theory consummation of landscape ecology, and moreover, provide guidance for ecological construction in soil erosion areas.

Key words:  Landscape pattern      Soil and water loss      Scale      Coupled research     
Received:  25 January 2010      Published:  10 July 2010
P901  
  S157  
Corresponding Authors:  Fu Bojie     E-mail:  bjfu@rcees.ac.cn
Service
E-mail this article
Add to my bookshelf
Add to citation manager
E-mail Alert
RSS
Articles by authors

Cite this article: 

Fu Bojie, Xu Yanda, Lv Yihe. Scale Characteristics and Coupled Research of Landscape Pattern and Soil and Water Loss. Advances in Earth Science, 2010, 25(7): 673-681.

URL: 

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/EN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2010.07.0673     OR     http://www.adearth.ac.cn/EN/Y2010/V25/I7/673

[1] Fu B J, Lu Y H, Chen L D, et al. Progress and prospects of integrated physical geography in China[J]. Progress in Physical Geography, 2006, 30(5): 659-672. 
[2] Turner M G. Landscape Ecology: The effect of pattern on process[J]. Annual Review of Ecological System, 1989, 20(1): 171-197. 
[3] Wiens J A. Spatial scaling in ecology[J]. Functional Ecology,1989, 3(4): 385-397. 
[4] Pimentel D, Harvey C, Resosudarmo P, et al. Environmental and economic costs of soil erosion and conservation benefits[J]. Science,1995, 267(5 201): 1 117-1 123. 
[5] Fu Bojie, Qiu Yang, Wang Jun, et al. Effect simulations of land use change on the runoff and erosion for a gully catchment of the Loess Plateau, China[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica,2002, 57(6): 717-722.[傅伯杰, 邱扬, 王军,等.黄土丘陵小流域土地利用变化对水土流失的影响[J]. 地理学报, 2002,57(6): 717-722.]
[6] Wu J, Hobbs R. Key issues and research priorities in landscape ecology: An idiosyncratic synthesis[J]. Landscape Ecology,2002, 17(4): 355-365. 
[7] Fortin M J, Agrawal A A. Landscape ecology comes of age[J].Ecology,2005, 86(8): 1 965-1 966.
[8] Fu Bojie, Chen Liding, Ma Keming, et al. The Principles and Application on Landscape Ecology[M]. Beijing: Science Press, 2001.[傅伯杰, 陈利顶, 马克明,等.景观生态学原理及应用[M]. 北京: 科学出版社, 2001.]
[9] Wu Jianguo. Landscape Ecology: Pattern, Process, Scale and Hierarchy (2ed)[M]. Beijing: Higher Education Press, 2007.[邬建国. 景观生态学——格局、过程、尺度与等级 (第二版)[M]. 北京: 高等教育出版社, 2007.]
[10] HainesYoung R, Chopping M. Quantifying landscape structure: A review of landscape indices and their application to forested landscapes[J].Progress in Physical Geography,1996, 20(4): 418-445. 
[11] Chen Liding,Liu Yang, Lv Yihe, et al. Landscape pattern analysis in landscape ecology: Current, challenges and future[J].Acta Ecologica Sinica,2008, 28(11): 5 521-5 531.[陈利顶, 刘洋, 吕一河,等. 景观生态学中的格局分析:现状、困境与未来[J]. 生态学报, 2008, 28(11): 5 521-5 531.]
[12] Gustafson E J. Quantifying landscape spatial pattern: What is the state of the art?[J].Ecosystems,1998, 1(2): 143-156. 
[13] Lv Yihe, Chen Liding, Fu Bojie. Analysis of the integrating approach on landscape pattern and ecological processes[J].Progress in Geography,2007, 26(3): 1-10.[吕一河, 陈利顶, 傅伯杰. 景观格局与生态过程的耦合途径分析[J]. 地理科学进展, 2007, 26(3): 1-10.] 
[14] Li Shujuan, Zeng Hui, Xia Jie, et al. Current situation and some intending problems of landscape spatial dynamic model[J].Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology,2004, 15(4): 701-706.[李书娟, 曾辉, 夏洁,等. 景观空间动态模型研究现状和应重点解决的问题[J]. 应用生态学报, 2004, 15(4): 701-706.]
[15] Xu Yanda,Fu Bojie, Lv Yihe. Research on landscape pattern and ecological processes based on landscape models[J].Acta Ecologica Sinica,2010, 30(1): 212-220.[徐延达,傅伯杰,吕一河. 基于模型的景观格局与生态过程研究[J]. 生态学报, 2010, 30(1): 212-220.]
[16] Kong Fanhua, Li Xiuzhen, Yin Haiwei. The effect of fire intensity on the patterns of forest landscape in the north-slope of Da Hinggan Mountains[J].Journal of Nanjing Forestry University (Natural Sciences Edition),2005, 25(2): 33-37.[孔繁花, 李秀珍, 尹海伟. 大兴安岭北坡林火迹地森林景观格局的变化[J]. 南京林业大学学报:自然科学版, 2005, 29(2): 33-37.] 
[17] Berggren A, Carlson A, Kindvall O. The effect of landscape composition on colonization success, growth rate and dispersal in introduced bush-crickets Metrioptera roeseli[J].Journal of Animal Ecology,2001, 70(4): 663-670. 
[18] Franken R J, Hik D S. Influence of habitat quality, patch size and connectivity on colonization and extinction dynamics of collared pikas Ochotona collaris[J].Journal of Animal Ecology,2004, 73(5): 889-896. 
[19] Fu B J, Chen L D, Ma K M, et al. The relationships between land use and soil conditions in the hilly area of the loess plateau in northern Shaanxi, China[J].Catena,2000, 39(1): 69-78. 
[20] Zornoza R, Mataix-Solera J, Guerrero C, et al. Soil properties under natural forest in the Alicante province of Spain[J].Geoderma,2007, 142(3/4): 334-341. 
[21] Wang Yafeng, Fu Bojie, Lv Yihe, et al. Localscale spatial variability of soil organic carbon and its stock in the hilly area of the Loess Plateau, China[J].Quaternary Research,2010, 73(1): 70-76. 
[22] Wei W, Chen L D, Fu B J, et al. The effect of land uses and rainfall regimes on runoff and soil erosion in the semi-arid loess hilly area, China[J].Journal of Hydrology,2007, 335(3/4): 247-258. 
[23] Girmay G, Singh B R, Nyssen J, et al. Runoff and sedimentassociated nutrient losses under different land uses in Tigray, Northern Ethiopia[J].Journal of Hydrology,2009, 376(1/2): 70-80. 
[24] Bucur D, Jitareanu G, Ailincai C, et al. Influence of soil erosion on water, soil, humus and nutrient losses in different crop systems in the Moldavian Plateau, Romania[J].Journal of Food Agriculture & Environment,2007, 5(2): 261-264. 
[25] Fu B J, Wang Y F, Lv Y H, et al. The effects of land-use combinations on soil erosion: A case study in the Loess Plateau of China[J].Progress in Physical Geography,2009, 33(6): 793-804. 
[26] Sun G, Zuo C Q, Liu S Y, et al. Watershed evapotranspiration increased Due to changes invegetation composition and structure under a subtropical climate[J]. Journal of the American Water Resources Association,2008, 44(5): 1 164-1 175. 
[27] Boix-Fayos C, Vente J, Albaladejo J, et al. Soil carbon erosion and stock as affected by land use changes at the catchment scale in Mediterranean ecosystems[J].Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment,2009, 133(1/2): 75-85. 
[28] Hattermann F F, Krysanova V, Habeck A, et al. Integrating wetlands and riparian zones in river basin modelling[J].Ecological Modelling,2006, 199(4): 379-392. 
[29] Li K Y, Coe M T, Ramankutty N, et al. Modeling the hydrological impact of land-use change in West Africa[J].Journal of Hydrology,2007, 337(3/4): 258-268. 
[30] Jeltsch F, Moloney K, Milton S J. Detecting process from snapshot pattern: Lessons from tree spacing in the southern Kalahari[J].Oikos,1999, 85(3): 451-466. 
[31] Paruelo J M, Putz S, Weber G, et al. Longterm dynamics of a semiarid grass steppe under stochastic climate and different grazing regimes: A simulation analysis[J].Journal of Arid Environments,2008, 72(12): 2 211-2 231. 
[32] Schaldach R, Alcamo J. Coupled simulation of regional land use change and soil carbon sequestration: A case study for the state of Hesse in Germany[J].Environmental Modelling & Software,2006, 21(10): 1 430-1 446. 
[33] Voinov A, Costanza R, Wainger L, et al. Patuxent landscape model: Integrated ecological economic modeling of a watershed[J].Environmental Modelling & Software,1999, 14(5): 473-491. 
[34] Costanza R, Voinov A, Boumans R, et al. Integrated ecological economic modeling of the patuxent river watershed, Maryland[J].Ecological Monographs,2002, 72(2): 203-231. 
[35] Binder C, Boumans R M, Costanza R. Applying the Patuxent Landscape Unit Model to human dominated ecosystems: The case of agriculture[J].Ecological Modelling,2003, 159(2/3): 161-177. 
[36] He H S, Mladenoff D J, Crow T R. Linking an ecosystem model and a landscape model to study forest species response to climate warming[J].Ecological Modelling,1999, 114(2/3): 213-233. 
[37] Xu X, Gao Q, Liu Y H, et al. Coupling a land use model and an ecosystem model for a crop-pasture zone[J].Ecological Modelling,2009, 220(19): 2 503-2 511. 
[38] Brath A, Montanari A, Moretti G. Assessing the effect on flood frequency of land use change via hydrological simulation (with uncertainty)[J].Journal of Hydrology, 2006, 324(1/4): 141-153. 
[39] Niehoff D, Fritsch U, Bronstert A. Land-use impacts on storm-runoff generation: Scenarios of land-use change and simulation of hydrological response in a meso-scale catchment in SW-Germany[J].Journal of Hydrology,2002, 267(1/2): 80-93. 
[40] Savary S, Rousseau A N, Quilbe R. Assessing the effects of historical land cover changes on runoff and low flows using remote sensing and hydrological modeling[J].Journal of Hydrologic Engineering,2009, 14(6): 575-587. 
[41] Syvitski J P M, Milliman J D. Geology, geography, and humans battle for dominance over the delivery of fluvial sediment to the coastal ocean[J].Journal of Geology, 2007, 115(1): 1-19.
[42] Bakker M M, Govers G, Kosmas C, et al. Soil erosion as a driver of land-use change[J].Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment,2005, 105(3): 467-481. 
[43] Jimenez-Hornero F J, Giraldez J V, Laguna A M, et al. An educational computer tool for simulating long-term soil erosion on agricultural landscapes[J].Computer Applications in Engineering Education,2009, 17(3): 253-262. 
[44] Liu S G, Bliss N, Sundquist E, et al. Modeling carbon dynamics in vegetation and soil under the impact of soil erosion and deposition[J].Global Biogeochemical Cycles,2003, 17(2): 24. 
[45] Lu Y, Stocking M. Integrating biophysical and socio-economic aspects of soil conservation on the Loess Plateau, China. Part II. Productivity impact and economic costs of erosion[J].Land Degradation & Development,2000, 11(2): 141-152. 
[46] Dungan J L, Perry J N, Dale M R T, et al. A balanced view of scale in spatial statistical analysis[J].Ecography,2002, 25(5): 626-640. 
[47] Schneider D C. Scaling theory: Application to marine ornithology[J]. Ecosystems,2002, 5(8): 736-748. 
[48] Rudi H. Effects of grid cell size and time step length on simulation results of the Limburg soil erosion model (LISEM)[J].Hydrological Processes,2005, 19(15): 3 037-3 049. 
[49] Vrieling A,Sterk G, Beaulieu N. Erosion risk mapping: A methodological case study in the Colombian Eastern Plains[J].Journal of Soil and Water Conservation,2002, 57(3): 158-163. 
[50] Fu Bojie, Chen Liding, Wang Jun, et al. Land use structure and ecological processes[J].Quaternary Sciences,2003, 23(3): 247-255.[傅伯杰, 陈利顶, 王军,等. 土地利用结构与生态过程[J]. 第四纪研究, 2003, 23(3): 247-255.]
[51] Fu Bojie, Zhao Wenwu, Chen Liding, et al. Multiple-scale assessment indices for soil erosion[J].Cinese Science Bulletin,2006, 51(16): 1 936-1 943.[傅伯杰, 赵文武, 陈利顶,等. 多尺度土壤侵蚀评价指数[J]. 科学通报, 2006, 51(16): 1 936-1 943.]
[52] Ni Jiupai, Wei Chaofu, Xie Deti. Effects of spatial scale on the quantitative estimation of soil erosion[J].Acta Ecologica Sinica,2005, 25(8): 2 061-2 067.[倪九派, 魏朝富, 谢德体. 土壤侵蚀定量评价的空间尺度效应[J]. 生态学报, 2005, 25(8): 2 061-2 067.]
[53] Wilcox B P, Breshears D D, Allen C D. Ecohydrology of a resource-conserving semiarid woodland: Effects of scale and disturbance[J].Ecological Monographs,2003, 73(2): 223-239. 
[54] Lv Yihe, Fu Bojie. Ecological scale and scaling[J].Acta Ecologica Sinica,2001, 21(12): 2 096-2105.[吕一河, 傅伯杰. 生态学中的尺度及尺度转换方法[J]. 生态学报, 2001, 21(12): 2 096-2 105.]
[55] Zhang Na. Scale issues in ecology:Upscaling[J].Acta Ecologica Sinica,2007, 27(10): 4 252-4266.[张娜. 生态学中的尺度问题——尺度上推[J]. 生态学报, 2007, 27(10): 4 252-4 266.]
[56] Chen Liding, Lv Yihe, Fu Bojie, et al. A framework on landscape pattern analysis and scale change by using pattern recognition approach[J].Acta Ecologica Sinica,2006, 26(3): 663-670.[陈利顶, 吕一河, 傅伯杰,等. 基于模式识别的景观格局分析与尺度转换研究框架[J]. 生态学报, 2006, 26(3): 663-670.]
[57] Huang Yilong, Fu Bojie, Chen Liding. Advances in ecohydrological process research[J].Acta Ecologica Sinica,2003,23(3):580-587.[黄奕龙,傅伯杰,陈利顶.生态水文过程研究进展[J].生态学报,2003,23(3):580-587.] 
[58] Wang Lang, Xu Yanda, Fu Bojie, et al. Landscape pattern and eco-hydrological process[J].Advances in Earth Science,2009, 24(11): 1 238-1 246.[王朗, 徐延达, 傅伯杰,等. 半干旱区景观格局与生态水文过程研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2009, 24(11): 1 238-1 246.]
[59] Wang Shengping, Zhang Zhiqiang, Sun Ge, et al. Effects of land use change on hydrological dynamics at watershed scale in the Loess Plateau —A case study in the Luergou watershed, Gansu Province[J].Journal of Beijing Forestry University,2006, 28(1): 48-54.[王盛萍,张志强,孙阁,等.黄土高原流域土地利用变化水文动态响应——以甘肃天水吕二沟流域为例[J].北京林业大学学报,2006,28(1):48-54.]
[60] Ludwig J A, Wilcox B P, Breshears D D, et al. Vegetation patches and runoff-erosion as interacting ecohydrological processes in semiarid landscapes[J].Ecology,2005, 86(2): 288-297. 
[61] Reid K D, Wilcox B P, Breshears D D, et al. Runoff and erosion in a pinon-juniper woodland: Influence of vegetation patches[J].Soil Science Society of America Journal,1999, 63(6): 1 869-1 879. [62] Li Yong , Zhu Xianmo, Tian Jiying. Study on the effectiveness of soil anti-scourability by plant roots in Loess Plateau[J].Chinese Science Bulletin,1991, 36 (12): 935-938.[李勇,朱显谟,田积莹.黄土高原植物根系提高土壤抗冲性的有效性[J].科学通报,1991,36(12): 935-938.]
[63] Noble J C, Greene R S B, Muller W J. Herbage production following rainfall redistribution in a semi-arid Mulga (Acacia Aneura) Woodland in Western New South Wales[J].Rangeland Journal,1998, 20(2): 206-225. 
[64] Roth C H, Prosser I, Post D, et al. Reducing Sediment and Nutrient Export from Grazed Land in the Burdekin Catchment for Sustainable Beef Production[R]. Final report to Meat and Livestock Australia, 2003: 133-143.
[65] Liu Xiangdong, Wu Qinxiao, Zhao Hongyan. The vertical interception function of forest vegetation and soil and water conservation[J].Ressarch of Soil and Water Conservation,1994, 1(3): 8-13.[刘向东,吴钦孝,赵鸿雁.森林植被垂直截留作用与水土保持[J].水土保持研究,1994,1(3):8-13.]
[66] Hu Liangjun, Shao Ming′an. Vegetation coverage index in soil and water loss studies[J].Journal of Northwest Forestry University,2001,16(1): 40-43.[胡良军,邵明安.论水土流失研究中的植被覆盖度量指标[J].西北林学院学报,2001,16(1):40-43.]
[67] Ludwig J A, Tongway D J, Marsden S G. Stripes, strands or stipples: Modelling the influence of three landscape banding patterns on resource capture and productivity in semi-arid woodlands, Australia[J].Catena,1999, 37(1/2): 257-273. 
[68] Hao Wenfang, Chen Cungen, Liang Zongsuo,et al. Research advances in vegetation biomass[J].Journal of Northwest A & F University,2008, 36(2): 175-182.[郝文芳,陈存根,梁宗锁,等.植被生物量的研究进展[J].西北农林科技大学学报:自然科学版,2008,36(2):175-182.]
[69] Huang Yilong, Chen Liding, Fu Bojie, et al. Spatial pattern of siol water and its influncing factors in a gully catchment of the Loess Plateau[J].Journal of Nature Resourses,2005,20(4): 483-492.[黄奕龙,陈利顶,傅伯杰,等.黄土丘陵小流域土壤水分空间格局及其影响因素[J].自然资源学报,2005,20(4):483-492.]
[70] McIvor J G, Williams J, Gardener C J. Pasture management influences runoff and soil movement in the semiarid tropics[J].Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture,1995, 35(1): 55-65. 
[71] Scanlan J C, Pressland A J, Myles D J. Run-off and soil movement on mid-slopes in North-East Queensland[Australia] Grazed Woodlands[J].The Rangeland Journal,1996, 18(1): 33-46. 
[72] Scanlan J C, Pressland A J, Myles D J. Grazing modifies woody and herbaceous components of North Queensland Woodlands[J].The Rangeland Journal,1996, 18(1): 47-57. 
[73] Chen Hongsong, Shao Ming′an. Review on hillslope soil water movement and transformation mechanism on the Loess Plateau[J].Advances in Water Science,2003, 14(4): 513-520.[陈洪松,邵明安.黄土区坡地土壤水分运动与转化机理研究进展[J].水科学进展,2003,14(4):513-520.]
[74] Jiang Dingsheng. Soil Erosion and Control Models in the Loess Plateau[M]. Beijing: China Waterpower Press, 1997: 198-206.[蒋定生.黄土高原水土流失与治理模式[M].北京:中国水利水电出版社,1997: 198-206.]
[75] Wang Genxu, Qian Ju, Cheng Guodong. Current situation and prospect of the ecological hydrology[J].Advances in Earth Science,2001, 16 (3): 314-323.[王根绪,钱鞠,程国栋.生态水文科学研究的现状与展望[J].地球科学进展,2001,16 (3):314-323.]
[76] Wang Hansheng, Liu Guobin, Wang Qingning. Effect of vegetation as whole in watershed on protecting soil from erosion and dissection of its landscape structure[J]. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation,2000, 14(5): 73-77, 97.[王晗生,刘国彬,王青宁.流域植被整体防蚀作用及景观结构剖析[J].水土保持学报,2000,14(5):73-77,97.]
[77] Zhang Zhiqiang, Wang Shengping, Sun Ge,et al. Runoff and sediment yield response to vegetation change at multiple scales:A review[J].Acta Ecologica Sinica,2006,26(7): 2 356-2 364.[张志强,王盛萍,孙阁,等.流域径流泥沙对多尺度植被变化响应研究进展[J].生态学报,2006,26(7):2 356-2364.]
[78] Le Maitre D C, Milton S J, Jarmain C, et al. Linking ecosystem services and water resources: Landscape-scale hydrology of the Little Karoo[J].Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment,2007, 5(5): 261-270. 
[79] Shao Hongbo, Liang Zongsuo, Shao Ming′an. Eco-environmental construction in Loess Plateau of China and its potential application by biotechnology[J].Journal of Soil Water Conservation,2004, 18(3): 154-159.[邵宏波, 梁宗锁, 邵明安. 黄土高原生态环境建设与生物技术的潜在应用[J]. 水土保持学报, 2004, 18(3): 154-159.]
[80] Liu Guobin, Wang Guoliang, Shangguan Zhouping, et al. Key fields of scientif ic study on soil and water conservation of loess plateau region[J].Soil and Water Conservation in China,2008, (12): 37-39.[刘国彬, 王国梁, 上官周平,等. 黄土高原地区水土保持科学研究的重点领域[J]. 中国水土保持, 2008, (12): 37-39.]
[81] Fu Bojie, Chen Liding, Ma Keming. The effect of land use chang on the regional environment in the Yangjuangou catchment in the loess plateau of China[J].Acta Geographica Sinica,1999, 54(3): 241-246.[傅伯杰, 陈利顶, 马克明. 黄土丘陵区小流域土地利用变化对生态环境的影响:以延安市羊圈沟为例[J]. 地理学报, 1999, 54(3): 241-246.]

No Suggested Reading articles found!