Advances in Earth Science ›› 2021, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (4): 346-374. doi: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2021.038

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Research Progress and Prospect of Sediment Environment and Pollution Control in China in Recent 20 Years

Chengxin FAN 1( ), Min LIU 2, Shengrui WANG 3, Hongwei FANG 4, Xinghui XIA 5, Wenzhi CAO 6, Shiming DING 1, Lijun HOU 7, Peifang WANG 8, Jing'an CHEN 9, Jing YOU 10, Juying WANG 11, Yanqing SHENG 12, Wei ZHU 13   

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Lake Sciences and Environment,Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Nanjing 210008,China
    2.Key Laboratory of Geographical Information Sciences,Ministry of Education,College of Geographical Sciences,East China Normal University,Shanghai 200240,China
    3.Guangdong-Hong Kong Joint Laboratory for Water Security,Research Center of Water Science,Beijing Normal University at Zhuhai,Zhuhai Guangdong 519087,China
    4.State Key Laboratory of Hydro-science and Engineering,Tsinghua University,Beijing 100084,China
    5.Key Laboratory of Water and Sediment Sciences,Ministry of Education,Beijing Normal University,Beijing 100875,China
    6.School of Environment and Ecology,Xiamen University,Xiamen 361102,China
    7.College of Geographical Sciences,East China Normal University,Shanghai 200240,China
    8.Key Laboratory of Integrated Regulation and Resource Development on Shallow Lakes,Ministry of Education,Hohai University,Nanjing 210098,China
    9.State Key Laboratory of Environmental Geochemistry,Institute of Geochemistry,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Guiyang 550081,China
    10.School of Environment,Jinan University,Guangzhou 511443,China
    11.State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Coastal Ecosystem,National Marine Environment Monitoring Center,Dalian 266003,China
    12.Key Laboratory of Coastal Environmental Processes and Ecological Remediation,Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Yantai Shandong 264003,China
    13.College of Environment,Hohai University,Nanjing 210098,China
  • Received:2020-10-15 Revised:2021-03-23 Online:2021-05-31 Published:2021-05-31
  • About author:FAN Chengxin (1954-), male, Nanjing City, Jiangsu Province, Professor. Research areas include lake and river sediment pollution and its remediation. E-mail:
  • Supported by:
    the National Natural Science Foundation of China Key Project "Environmental process, coupling mechanism and spatial simulation of typical POPs in Yangtze River Delta urban agglomeration"(41730646);Yunnan Joint Fund Project "Characteristics of phosphorus migration and transformation at Erhai Lake interface system and influence mechanism of algal bloom"(U1902207);The Key Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China “Study on interaction of biogenic matter transport and microbial action mechanism under runoff regulation in Yalung Zangbo River”(91647206);“Study on the water and sediment variation and the riverbed evolution under runoff regulation in Yalung Zangbo River”(91647210)

Chengxin FAN, Min LIU, Shengrui WANG, Hongwei FANG, Xinghui XIA, Wenzhi CAO, Shiming DING, Lijun HOU, Peifang WANG, Jing'an CHEN, Jing YOU, Juying WANG, Yanqing SHENG, Wei ZHU. Research Progress and Prospect of Sediment Environment and Pollution Control in China in Recent 20 Years[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2021, 36(4): 346-374.

Inland water bodies (lakes, reservoirs, swamps, rivers) and estuarine oceans are widely and continuously distributed with sediments, which are affected by natural and human activities in the process of their formation, and have environmental significance and characteristics related to pollutants. There are great regional differences in China, and the environmental problems are more prominent. After decades of research on sediment environment and pollution control, the relevant achievements in China continue to emerge. This paper first introduces some international landmark studies on sediment environment and reviews the development of sediment research in China in the past 70 years.Then, the main research progress of China in the research fields of sediment environment and pollution control in recent 20 years are systematically summarized, which are the role and effect of sediment in water environment, environmental behavior and influencing factors of pollutants at sediment-water interface, ecological risk and quality criteria of sediments, in-situ remediation of contaminated sediments, environmental dredging and ex-situ disposal as well utilization of contaminated sediments. And the relationship and difference of some research results are reviewed. At the end of the paper, the existing problems of sediment environmental research in China are analyzed, and several scientific and technical problems that need to be studied urgently and deeply, such as interdisciplinary, composite pollution, emerging/non-traditional pollutants, quality criteria, and governance technology innovation, are put forward. The solutions and approaches are proposed, and the prospects are also given.

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