Advances in Earth Science ›› 2019, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (10): 1081-1091. doi: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2019.10.1081

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Control Experiments for Underwater Cultural Relics Survey by Marine Geophysical of Acoustics

Yi Hu 1( ),Jianxiang Ding 2,Xudong Fang 1,Liming Wang 1,Boran Liu 1,Haidong Li 1   

  1. 1. Third Institute of Oceanography, Ministry of Natural Resources, Coast and Ocean Geology Laboratory, Xiamen 361005, China
    2. National Center of Underwater Cultural Heritage, Beijing 100192, China
  • Received:2019-06-24 Revised:2019-09-16 Online:2019-10-10 Published:2019-12-09
  • About author:Hu Yi (1976-), male, Xiangxiang City, Hunan Province, Professor of engineering. Research areas include marine geology and marine geophysics. E-mail:
  • Supported by:
    the National Cultural Heritage Administration "Research on regional investigation and geophysical technology method"(2018300);The Ocean Public Welfare Scientific Research "Research and demonstration of detection and protection technology system in the underwater cultural"(201305038)

Yi Hu,Jianxiang Ding,Xudong Fang,Liming Wang,Boran Liu,Haidong Li. Control Experiments for Underwater Cultural Relics Survey by Marine Geophysical of Acoustics[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2019, 34(10): 1081-1091.

Marine geophysical acoustic methods are a powerful tool for high-precision, large-scale underwater archaeological relics investigations and research in the shallow water. There is a complex coupling relationship between the marine environment and the preservation of underwater cultural relics, which leads to great uncertainty based on the detection data to deduce the existence and distribution of underwater cultural relics. In the past 30 years, the controllable experiments of acoustic methods for underwater cultural relics show that different side-scan sonar systems have varied acoustic response. Multi-beam sonar can be used to study the temporal variation of underwater cultural relics, while shipwreck partially or totally embedded in seabed sediments can be detected by sub-bottom profile. The control experiment will increase the understanding of the acoustic response for different underwater cultural types. Control experiment on the underwater cultural relics can provide a reference for the correlation between detection results and interpretation accuracy, and hopefully provide a systematic solution for underwater cultural survey in an efficient way and on a wide-scale, thus better protecting and managing underwater cultural relics.

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