Advances in Earth Science ›› 2019, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (9): 984-997. doi: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2019.09.0984

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Research Progress on the Impact of Urbanization on Climate Change

Xinyue Luo 1, 2( ),Mingxing Chen 1, 2( )   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    2. School of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2019-07-22 Revised:2019-08-30 Online:2019-09-10 Published:2019-11-15
  • Contact: Mingxing Chen;
  • About author:Luo Xinyue (1997-), female, Zunyi City, Guizhou Province, Master student. Research areas include urbanization and regional development. E-mail:
  • Supported by:
    the National Natural Science Foundation of China “Cross scientific direction urbanization field development strategy”(41842058);The Chinese Academy of Sciences Basic Frontier Science Research Program from 0 to 1 Original Innovation Project “The attribution and geographical differentiation mechanism of global urbanization on climate change”(ZDBS-LY-DQC005)

Xinyue Luo,Mingxing Chen. Research Progress on the Impact of Urbanization on Climate Change[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2019, 34(9): 984-997.

The world has been undergoing a remarkable process of urbanization, especially in developing countries in recent years. The urbanization process has brought about great urban development and large population agglomeration, changes in production and lifestyle, and man-made disturbances such as greenhouse gas and pollution emissions. As the global urbanization process continues to advance, its impact on climate change continues to strengthen significantly. This paper mainly reviewed and summarized relevant researches from two aspects: the influence of urbanization on climate change and the mechanism of influence of urbanization on climate change. Urbanization causes regional warming and urban heat island effect, extreme events such as high temperature, heat wave and heavy rainfall increase in frequency, and also leads to increased urban flood risk. The increase of pollutant emission in the process of urbanization is the main cause of air quality deterioration. Urbanization also has an indirect impact on air quality by changing urban climate. Urbanization has an important impact on climatic factors such as relative humidity, wind speed, sunshine and cloud cover. The impacts of urbanization on climate change are mainly realized through underlying surface changes, greenhouse gas and pollution emissions, anthropogenic heat emissions and urban high heat capacity. Urbanization not only directly affects the regional/local climate, but also indirectly affects the regional/local climate by promoting global climate change. Therefore, the impact of urbanization on climate change has a global and regional multi-scale superposition effect.

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