Advances in Earth Science
Xiaotu Lei,Xuefen Zhang,Wansuo Duan,Hong Li,Zhiqiu Gao,Chuanhai Qian,Bingke Zhao,Jie Tang. Experiment on Coordinated Observation of Offshore Typhoon in China[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2019, 34(7): 671-678.
The lack of sufficient direct observation data of typhoon fine structure is the main bottleneck that restricts the further development of typhoon discipline and forecasting. This paper briefly introduced the basic information of the National Key R&D Program of China, entitled “Experiment on Coordinated Observation of Offshore Typhoon in China”, which started in early 2019. Firstly, the importance and necessity of the program around the national needs on typhoon-related disaster reduction and prevention were explained. Then, the coordinated observation difficulties and frontiers in the current typhoon discipline situation from the development and improvement of the physical mechanism and key forecasting technologies were shown. The overview of the direct observation instrument and platform, the field campaign and the parameterization techniques related to physical process in typhoon numerical modeling was provided. Finally, the key scientific and technical issues and main research contents of the program were given.