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Advances in Earth Science  2019, Vol. 34 Issue (3): 324-332    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2019.03.0324
International Development Trend Analysis of Water Governance Based on Bibliometrics
Chundong Gao1(),Xiuping Wu2()
1. China University of Mining and Technology (Beijing) School of Management, Beijing 10083, China
2. Information Center for Global Change Studies,Lanzhou Information Center of ChineseAcademy of Sciences,Lanzhou 730000,China
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Water resources issue is affecting regional stability and national relationship, which has become a vital issue. Based on SCIE papers from database of Web of Science, we analyze the international development trend of water governance research using the bibliometric analysis method. The results show that the number of publications in this field has been increasing rapidly since the 1990s. Most of the research subjects are interdisciplinary and mainly focus on the field of water resources and environmental science. Base on publications and its cited, the United States has the absolute advantage in total numbers of papers, but the articles has a low average influence in terms of citations; The total number of papers in China on water governance research ranks 10th among major countries in the world, but all papers in this field are cited, ranking second only to Germany. International water governance research focuses on water resource acquisition and water quality assessment, water vulnerability, adaptation and water demanding related to climate change; decision-making, water governance policies and water rights; water resource management, such as groundwater management, watershed management and comprehensive water resources management; global water governance and urban water crisis.

Key words:  Water governance      SCIE      Bibliometrics      Trend analysis.     
Received:  15 December 2018      Published:  28 April 2019
ZTFLH:  P967  
Fund: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China "A research on meta-synthesis study paradigm and its implementation system for climate change scientific literatures" (No.41671535) and “Monitoring of tree growth in different areas of qilian mountains”(No.41771046)
Corresponding Authors:  Xiuping Wu     E-mail:;
About author:  Gao Chundong(1976-), male, Bazhou City, Hebei Province, Ph.D student. Research areas include science and technological management. E-mail:|Gao Chundong(1976-), male, Bazhou City, Hebei Province, Ph.D student. Research areas include science and technological management. E-mail:|Wu Xiuping(1983-), female, Taian City, Shandong Province, Associate research librarian.Research areas include strategic intelligence research in the field of water resources and water security. E-mail:
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Chundong Gao
Xiuping Wu

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Chundong Gao,Xiuping Wu. International Development Trend Analysis of Water Governance Based on Bibliometrics. Advances in Earth Science, 2019, 34(3): 324-332.

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Fig.1  Annual change in water governance research papers
Water Resources(水资源)48141865978
Environmental Studies(环境研究)32628534740
Environmental Sciences(环境科学)28824563528
Engineering, Civil(民用工程)13511181632
Geosciences, Multidisciplinary(地球科学)76691220
Planning & Development(规划及发展)6569410
Engineering, Environmental(环境工程)555652
Green & Sustainable S&T(绿色可持续发展)424984
Public Administration(公共管理)4244105
Political Science(政治学)353651
Table 1  The distribution of TOP15 subjects in the literature related to water governance and the publications in the last three years
Fig.2  The subject distribution of TOP15 and 2014-2016 in water governance research
1Water Policy64Q31.144
2Water International63Q21.538
3Ecology and Society48Q12.842
4International Journal of Water Resources Development46Q22.088
5Environmental Science Policy41Q13.751
7Water Alternatives-An Interdisciplinary Journal of Water Politics and Development36Q12.5
9Water Resources Management32Q12.848
10Journal of Hydroly23Q13.483
11Water Science & Technology23Q31.197
12Water SA21Q30.958
Table 2  Main journals of water management research papers included in SCIE (number of published papers >20)
Fig.3  Statistics of state and the first state publication paper
Fig.4  distribution of publications and proportions of major countries studying water governance in 2014-2016
Fig.5  Comparative influence of water governance studies in major countries
Fig.6  Cooperation among TOP10 countries in water governance research
Fig.7  Cluster diagram of middle and high frequency keywords in title and abstract of water governance papers
Table 3  Research topics in major national water governance areas
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