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Advances in Earth Science  2019, Vol. 34 Issue (3): 306-315    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2019.03.0306
    
The Situation of Scientific Data Management and Its Enlightenment to Earth Sciences of China
Juanle Wang1,5(),Mingming Wang1,2,Lei Shi3,Mengxu Gao3,Mingqi Chen4,Xiaohuan Zheng4,Chao Wang3,Yujie Wang1
1. State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environment Information System, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
2. School of Civil and Architectural Engineering, Shandong University of Technology, Shandong Zibo 255049, China
3. National Science and Technology Infrastructure Center, Beijing 100862, China
4. General Office, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100864, China
5. Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development and Application, Nanjing 210023, China
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Abstract  

Scientific data is an important scientific and technological basis and national strategic resource. With the coming of the era of big data, countries all over the world have added scientific data management into their national development strategies. In order to improve the scientific data management in our country and make full use of the development opportunity from big data, the General Office of the State Council officially issued “The Measures for the Administration of Scientific Data” in March, 2018. In the new international and domestic policy on data management, this study analyzed and summarized 11 aspects of international situation of scientific data management, and dissected the development models of developed countries’ scientific data centers deeply. And also, the study put forward new ideas for the policy-making of scientific data, the construction of scientific data centers, the life cycle management of scientific data, the capacity building of data organizations, the authentication of scientific data, the publication of data, the return mechanism of the data and the comprehensive integration, and the safety management of the data in the scientific data management of Earth sciences in China.

Key words:  Scientific data management      Earth science      Data sharing      Scientific data center      Big data.     
Received:  19 December 2018      Published:  28 April 2019
ZTFLH:  P3  
Fund: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China "Research on scientific data management strategy in Earth Science"(No. 41842061);The 13th Five-Year Informatization Plan of Chinese Academy of Sciences "Research on the development strategy of the network information of CAS in 2018"(No. XXH13511-02)
Corresponding Authors:  Juanle Wang     E-mail:  wangjl@igsnrr.ac.cn
About author:  Wang Juanle(1976-), male, Luoyang City, He’nan Province, Professor. Research areas include scientific data sharing, geographic information systems and remote sensing applications. E-mail: wangjl@igsnrr.ac.cn
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Articles by authors
Juanle Wang
Mingming Wang
Lei Shi
Mengxu Gao
Mingqi Chen
Xiaohuan Zheng
Chao Wang
Yujie Wang

Cite this article: 

Juanle Wang,Mingming Wang,Lei Shi,Mengxu Gao,Mingqi Chen,Xiaohuan Zheng,Chao Wang,Yujie Wang. The Situation of Scientific Data Management and Its Enlightenment to Earth Sciences of China. Advances in Earth Science, 2019, 34(3): 306-315.

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http://www.adearth.ac.cn/EN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2019.03.0306     OR     http://www.adearth.ac.cn/EN/Y2019/V34/I3/306

Fig.1  The location of the scientific data center in the field of geosciences in the United States (https://earthdata.nasa.gov/about/daacs)
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