Advances in Earth Science ›› 2018, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (9): 914-921. doi: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2018.09.0914

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Progress and Prospect of Statistics and Assessment of Large-scale Natural Disaster Damage and Losses

Xi Wang( ), Hongjian Zhou *   

  1. National Disaster Reduction Center of China, Beijing 100124,China
  • Received:2018-06-03 Revised:2018-08-23 Online:2018-10-20 Published:2018-10-24
  • Contact: Hongjian Zhou;
  • About author:

    First author:Wang Xi(1983-), female, Shijiazhuang City, Hebei Province, Assistant professor. Research areas include natural disaster damage & loss assessment and disaster relief.

  • Supported by:
    * Foundation item:Project supported by the National Key Research and Development Program—Global Change and Mitigation Project "Global change risk of population and economic system: Mechanism and assessment"(No.2016YFA0602403).

Xi Wang, Hongjian Zhou. Progress and Prospect of Statistics and Assessment of Large-scale Natural Disaster Damage and Losses[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2018, 33(9): 914-921.

In June 2014, the "Statistics System for the Damage and Loss of Large-scale Natural Disasters" (SSDLLND) was issued by the Ministry of Civil Affairs and the Office of National Disaster Reduction Committee, which marked that the statistics and assessment of China's catastrophic natural disaster damage and losses formally entered a new stage of institutionalization. On the basis of analyzing the five major international disaster damage and loss assessment systems, including HAZUS-MH, ECLAC, DaLA, EMA-DLA and PDNA, the differences between the “SSDLLND” of China and five major international systems were compared from the statistics and assessment contents and indicators. Combined with the statistics and assessment practices of China’s large-scale disaster damage and losses and the characteristics of international systems in recent years, the future development of the SSDLLND were proposed in three aspects: Enriching and improving the framework of damage and loss statistics content, stepwise improvement of disaster impact assessment methods (such as the ecological capital loss assessment, tourism industry loss assessment due to the disasters, etc.), and improving indicators and parameters of loss statistics. The study has an important practical significance for improving the statistics and assessment system of the damage and loss of major natural disasters and better serving the post-disaster recovery and reconstruction decision-making.

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