Advances in Earth Science ›› 2018, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (8): 833-841. doi: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2018.08.0833

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Water Cycle Analysis of Social and Economic System in Tarim River Basin

Zhong Ma 1( ), Shoujuan Su 1, *( ), Aihua Long 2, Xiaoxia Zhang 1   

  1. 1.College of Geography and Environmental Science, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070,China
    2.China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Beijing 100038,China
  • Received:2018-03-12 Revised:2018-07-23 Online:2018-08-10 Published:2018-09-14
  • Contact: Shoujuan Su;
  • About author:

    First author:Ma Zhong(1968-),male,Lanzhou City,Gansu Province,Associate professor. Research areas include input-output analysis and eco-economic research. E-mail:

  • Supported by:
    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China “Virtual quantification study of non-agricultural products based on mixed LCA model—Taking Zhangye City in Heihe River Basin as an example” (No. 41461115) and “The study on the mechanism of social water cycle evolution and eco-water-economy coordinated development and control in Xinjiang—Taking northern Xinjiang as a example”(No.51479209).

Zhong Ma, Shoujuan Su, Aihua Long, Xiaoxia Zhang. Water Cycle Analysis of Social and Economic System in Tarim River Basin[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2018, 33(8): 833-841.

Water cycle includes natural water circulation and social economic system water cycle. The concept of virtual water provides a new method and means for studying social water circulation. This paper is based on the theory of water circulation in social and economic system, using input-output analysis method quantitatively describes the Tarim River basin of social water cycle paths and analysis of water resources management in Tarim River basin sustainable development process of the key issues. The results show that the main sectors of virtual water export in the Tarim River Basin are agriculture, petroleum, natural gas and food industry. Agricultural water accounts for more than 98% of total water consumption, most of which is transferred to the food and textile industries, and the food industry export water from the agricultural sector. Shandong Province is the largest virtual water transport area in the Tarim River Basin. The main sector of virtual water input in the Tarim River Basin is the metallurgical industry. Finally, in view of the problems arising from the inter-industrial and inter-regional social water circulation in the Tarim River basin, the paper puts forward the ways and strategies of regulating agricultural and industrial water use in the Tarim River Basin.

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