Advances in Earth Science ›› 2018, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (2): 189-205. doi: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2018.02.0189

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Geochemical Characteristics and Tectonic Significance of Aoyougou Group Basalts in Western North Qilian

Yixin Liu 1( ), Kexuan Hou 2, Xin Sha 1, Zhen Ma 1, Jinrong Wang 1, *   

  1. 1.School of Earth Sciences, Lanzhou University, Key Laboratory of Mineral Resources in Western China, Lanzhou 730000, China
    2.Zhong-Lian Environmental Protection and Scientific Technology Co. Ltd., Shijiazhuang Hebei 050000,China
  • Received:2017-07-20 Revised:2017-12-18 Online:2018-02-20 Published:2018-04-02
  • Contact: Jinrong Wang;
  • About author:

    First author:Liu Yixin(1988-),female,Qin’an City,Gansu Province,Ph.D student. Research areas include

  • Supported by:
    Project supported by Gansu Mineral Resources Compensation Project “Comprehensive study of the Kawa iron ore mine in Sunan, Gansu” (Gansu Financial Construction [2014] No.99);Basic Research Service Fee of Central University (lzujbky-2016-197)

Yixin Liu, Kexuan Hou, Xin Sha, Zhen Ma, Jinrong Wang. Geochemical Characteristics and Tectonic Significance of Aoyougou Group Basalts in Western North Qilian[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2018, 33(2): 189-205.

The North Qilian orogenic belt is a typical plate suture zone, which is studded with numerous different sizes of fragments of micro-continental crust consisting of pre-Sinian metamorphic rocks and the North Qilian orogenic belt provides important study carrier for studying the pre-orogenic tectonic process of the North Qilian. The relatively complete volcanic-clastic-carbonate rocks formation of Zhulongguan Group, Changchengian System, Mesoproterozoic are distributed in the Kawa-Qiqing area, Western North Qilian orogenic belt. Geochemical characteristics of the Aoyougou Group basalts in the North Qilian indicated that the contents of major element were relatively stable, high K2O contents(4.27%~6.07%), TFe2O3(10.49%~13.01%),TiO2(1.96%~2.90%)and middle MgO(5.37%~6.71%,Mg# 48~51), CaO(2.57%~5.51%)content. Thus, the Aoyougou Group basalts belong to potassium alkaline basalt. The contents of Cr and Ni of the basalts decreased with the decreasing of Mg#, and there was a positive correlation between CaO and CaO/Al2O3, Furthermore, the Eu anomaly of samples was slightly negative, high contents of high field strength elements (HFSE, Nb, Ta, Ti), and the ratios of Gd/Yb(2.5~3.0), Zr/Y(8.6~10.2), Ta/Yb(0.96~1.23), Ti/Yb(5 074~6 021), Zr/Yb(81~97), Ce/Nb(1.87), Zr/Nb(6.41)indicated that the Aoyougou Group basalts had obvious OIB-type magmatic affinity. In combination with the regional geological background, the study results showed that Aoyougou Group alkaline basalt generated from deep enrichment mantle similar to the source of OIB, with fractional crystallization of olivine and monoclinic pyroxene and a certain degree of contamination of continental crust in the process of magmatism, formed in the background of continental rift, might response to the Proterozoic Columbia supercontinent rifting, which further provides important petrological evidences for the relationship between North China Craton rifting events and Columbia supercontinent rifting during Proterozoic.

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