Advances in Earth Science
• Orginal Article •
), Shaoxue Sheng
1, Huilan Liu
1, Rong Wu
3, Yin Yang
First author:Wang Gen(1983-),male,Taizhou City, Jiangsu Province, Engineer. Research areas include satellite data assimilation, numerical simulation of GRAPES and multi-source data fusion.E-mail:firstname.lastname@example.org
Gen Wang, Shaoxue Sheng, Huilan Liu, Rong Wu, Yin Yang. Discontinuous Data 3D/4D Variation Fusion Based on the Constraint of L1 Norm Regularization Term[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2017, 32(7): 757-768.
Classical 3D/4D variation fusion is based on the theory that error follows Gaussian distribution. When using minimization iteration, the gradient of objective function is involved, and the solution of which requires the continuity of data. This paper adopted the extended classical 3D/4D variation fusion method, and explicitly applied the prior knowledge, which was based on L1-norm, as regularization constraint to the classical variation fusion method. Original data was firstly projected into the wavelet domain during the implementation process, and new fusion model was adopted for data fusion in wavelet space, then inverse wavelet transform was used to project the result to the observation space. Ideal experiment was carried out by using linear advection-diffusion equation as four-dimensional prediction model, which made a hypothesis of the discontinuity with the data between background and observation, and that meant the derivatives between left and right were not equal on some points. The result of the experiment showed that the method adopted here was practicable. A further research was also done for multi-source precipitation fusion. Firstly, CMORPH inversion precipitation data were corrected through PDF (Probability Density Function, PDF) matching method based on GAMMA fitting function. Then corrected data was fused with the observation one. By comparison with the reference field, the result showed that this method can keep some outliers better, which might represent certain weather phenomenon. The L1-norm regularization variation fusion in this paper provided a possible way to deal with discrete data, especially for jump point.