Advances in Earth Science ›› 2017, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (4): 331-341. doi: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2017.04.0331

• Orginal Article •     Next Articles

Decadal Climate Prediction: Scientific Frontier and Challenge

Tianjun Zhou 1, 2( ), Bo Wu 1   

  1. 1. LASG, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China
    2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2016-11-22 Revised:2017-01-20 Online:2017-04-20 Published:2017-04-20
  • About author:

    First author:Zhou Tianjun(1969-),male, Longkou City, Shandong Province, Professor. Research areas include climate modelling, monsoon and air-sea

  • Supported by:
    Project supported by the R&D Special Fund for Public Welfare Industry (Meteorology) “Development and research of ensemble decadal climate prediction system based on global climate models FGOALS-s, CMA and CESM” (No.GYHY201506012);The National Natural Science Foundation of China “Global monsoon: 20 th century change simulation and future change projection” (No.41330423)

Tianjun Zhou, Bo Wu. Decadal Climate Prediction: Scientific Frontier and Challenge[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2017, 32(4): 331-341.

The prediction of climate change in the future 10~30 year is a hot research area of the international community of the climate science, which has been listed as a core content of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP) and some other important international scientific projects. The forecast object of the decadal climate prediction has been extended from averaged state over the future 10~30 years to temporal evolutions in future 1~10 or 30 years. Recently, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) has been preparing to issue climate states in the near future based on decadal climate prediction systems. Focusing on the cut-edging and challenging scientific questions of the decadal climate prediction, we reviewed the theoretic basis of the predictability of the decadal climate and recent progresses of the practical decadal prediction experiments by international modelling centers in the paper. Finally, we summarized the core scientific questions to be solved in the area and discuss ed possible pathways to improve the skills of the decadal climate prediction.

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