Advances in Earth Science ›› 2015, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (2): 196-211. doi: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2015.02.0196

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Research Progress and Prospect on the Monitoring and Early Warning and Mitigation Technology of Meteorological Drought Disaster in Northwest China

Zhang Qiang 1, 2, Yao Yubi 1, Li Yaohui 1, Luo Zexian 3, Zhang Cunjie 4, Li Dongliang 3, Wang Runyuan 1, Wang Jinsong 1, Chen Tianyu 5, Xiao Guoju 6, Zhang Shuyu 2, Wang Shigong 7, Guo Ni 1, Bai Huzhi 2, Xie Jinnan 2, Yang Xingguo 8, Dong Anxiang 1, Deng Zhenyong 1, Ke Xiaoxin 9, Xu Guochang 1   

  1. 1. Lanzhou Institute of Arid Meteorology, CMA, Gansu Province Key Laboratory of Arid Climate Change and Reducing Disaster, China Meteorological Administration Key Laboratory of Arid Climate Change and Reducing Disaster, Lanzhou 730020, China; 2. Gansu Provincial Meteorological Service, Lanzhou 730020, China; 3. Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing 210044, China; 4. National Climate Centre, Beijing 100081, China; 5. Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing 100081, China; 6. Ningxia University, Yinchuan 750021, China; 7. College of Atmospheric Sciences Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China; 8. Ningxia (Hui Autonomous Region Meteorological Service, Yinchuan 750002, China; 9. Shanghai Municipal Meteorological Service, Shanghai 200030, China
  • Online:2015-02-20 Published:2015-02-20
  • Supported by:

    ; 致谢:杨启国、冯建英、任余龙、尚军林、王鹤龄、岳平、王胜、赵鸿、阳伏林、李文举和周文婷等为该文提供了资料等方面的帮助,在此一并致谢。

Zhang Qiang, Yao Yubi, Li Yaohui, Luo Zexian, Zhang Cunjie, Li Dongliang, Wang Runyuan, Wang Jinsong, Chen Tianyu, Xiao Guoju, Zhang Shuyu, Wang Shigong, Guo Ni, Bai Huzhi, Xie Jinnan, Yang Xingguo, Dong Anxiang, Deng Zhenyong, Ke Xiaoxin, Xu Guochang. Research Progress and Prospect on the Monitoring and Early Warning and Mitigation Technology of Meteorological Drought Disaster in Northwest China[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2015, 30(2): 196-211.

Drought disaster is an important natural factor to restrict the socio-economic development, agricultural production and ecological civilization construction in Northwest China.With the global warming, the frequency and intensity of extreme drought events show a significantly increasing trend and the impact of drought increases continually. The results of “the research on monitoring and early warning and mitigation technology of meteorological drought disaster” have been obtained based on the support from dozens of national research projects in the past two decades. These projects have received a series of innovative achievements by long-term theoretical research and applied technology development through the continuous study around the formation mechanism, monitoring and early warning methods of meteorological drought and its impact on agricultural industry, the drought disaster prevention and mitigation technology and other relative scientific issues as well. The major achievements are as follows: New knowledge on the drought formation mechanism and the law of occurrence and development of severe drought events, especially the discovery of four main physical ways of drought circulation modals were obtained in Northwest China. The new drought prediction and monitor indices, and the new equipment of monitoring field evapotranspiration were developed in Northwest China, and these obviously improved drought monitoring accuracy and pertinence. A new meteorological theory of mountain cloud physics was proposed. The exploitation and utilization technology of air cloud water resources were developed over Qilian Mountain, which is the national key ecological function zone with water conservation. The new laws of land surface moisture transport and recycling in arid and semi-arid areas, and the physical mechanism of self-sustaining of oasis were revealed. The new characteristics of impact of arid climate change on agro-ecological system were recognized. The response relationship of rain-fed agriculture to drought disaster was set up. The mitigation disaster technologies to cope with climate change in arid area were developed by using coated soil conservation, rainwater harvesting for supplemental irrigation, furrow cultivation, suitable sowing date and so on. These technologies provided a scientific scheme to the implementation of cropping systems, layout and structural adjustment of agriculture and efficient utilization of agricultural climate resources in Northwest China. The above achievements promote the technological level on drought disaster prevention and mitigation, cultivated research teams working on arid meteorological science and raised the service ability of arid meteorology in Northwest China. These results also play an important role in promoting socio-economic development, agricultural modernization and construction of ecological civilization. In addition, the authors covered the main fields which are in urgent need to be studied and possible breakthrough might be made in arid meteorology research in Northwest China in the future.

No related articles found!
Viewed
Full text


Abstract