In lunar exploration, multispectral remote sensing, thermal infrared remote sensing, and passive microwave remote sensing are widely used to investigate the mineral component and physical property of lunar regolith. And lots of data is obtained by these techniques. Lunar solar irradiance, lunar surface-temperature, earthshine and internal heat flow may influence the reflectivity, thermal emissivity as well as other electromagnetic properties of the lunar regolith, which restricts the accurate interpretation of explored data. And the variations of solar irradiance and lunar surfacetemperature also threaten the safety of lunar rover and the health of astronauts in future lunar surface activity. However, the effect of thermal environment on lunar exploration activities is rarely studied, the temporal and spatial variation of the thermal environment on the lunar surface is insufficiently understood, and limited experimental researches do not allow us to evaluate the effect of different exploration methods. With the development of the lunar exploration, the experiment and detection need to be strengthened. By studying on temporal variation and spatial distribution of the surface solar radiation and the physical temperature in the different lunar topography, matching the explored data to the lunar surface thermal environment parameters , building experimental sites with similar material composition and lunar thermal environment, and carrying out systematic experimental study, the temporal and spatial change of lunar surface thermal environment parameter are comprehenced and the effect of lunar surface thermal environment on different explored methods are analyzed. All of these are important contents of the study of lunar environment in the coming years.