Please wait a minute...
img img
Adv. Search
Advances in Earth Science  2008, Vol. 23 Issue (9): 996-1004    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2008.09.0996
Articles     
Key Issues on Soil Carbon Sequestration Potential in Agricultural Soils
Sun Wenjuan,Huang Yao,Zhang Wen,Yu Yongqiang
LAPC,Institute of Atmospheric Physics,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100029,China
Download:  PDF (1171KB) 
Export:  BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
Abstract  

Ago-ecosystem plays an important role in terrestrial carbon cycling. Soil carbon sequestration in cropland can not only offset fossil fuel emissions but also contributes to food security. Though the evaluation of soil carbon sequestration potentials has attracted attentions worldwide, large uncertainties in estimating C sequestration potential on regional/national or global scales remain a big problem due to various interpretations of the “potential” among scientists. The paper reviewed up-to-date interpretations of “soil carbon sequestration potential” and the methods of estimating C sequestration potential in agricultural soils. Carbon sequestration potential, conceptually the maximum capacity of soil′s holding carbon or the level of SOC (Soil Organic Carbon) saturation and stability, is usually vulnerable to climate, soil characteristics and agricultural practices. Reliable estimations of soil carbon sequestration potential should therefore integrate the influence of climate, soil structure/texture and field management as well as the coupling of macroscopic and microcosmic processes of carbon turnover in soils. An integrated methodology for estimating regional soil C sequestration potential was proposed in the paper with two concepts of biological and physicochemical potentials. Key issues and prospects on soil carbon sequestration in Chinese croplands were also addressed.

Key words:  Agricultural soils      Carbon sequestration      Biological potential      Physicochemical potential      Estimation.     
Received:  07 April 2008      Published:  10 September 2008
S158.2  
  S181  
Service
E-mail this article
Add to my bookshelf
Add to citation manager
E-mail Alert
RSS
Articles by authors

Cite this article: 

Sun Wenjuan,Huang Yao,Zhang Wen,Yu Yongqiang. Key Issues on Soil Carbon Sequestration Potential in Agricultural Soils. Advances in Earth Science, 2008, 23(9): 996-1004.

URL: 

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/EN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2008.09.0996     OR     http://www.adearth.ac.cn/EN/Y2008/V23/I9/996

[1] Prentice I C,Farquhar G D,Fasham M J R,et al. The carbon cycle and atmospheric carbon dioxide[C]Houghton J T,Ding Y,Griggs D J,et al. eds. Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,2001:183-237.

[2] Steffen W,Sanderson A,Tyson P D,et al. Global Change and the Earth System: A Planet under Pressure [C]IGBP Science No.1. IGBP Programme Science.Stockholm: Springer,2004.

[3] Global Carbon Project. Science Framework and Implementation[R]. Earth System Science PartnershipIGBP, IHDP,WCRP,DIVERSITAS Report No.l: Global Carbon Project Report No. 1 Canberra,2003:22-23.

[4] Lal R. Soil carbon sequestration to mitigate climate change [J]. Geoderma,2004,123:1-22.

[5] Cox P M,Betts R A,Jones C D,et al. Acceleration of global warming due to carbon-cycle feedbacks in a coupled climate model[J]. Nature,2000,408:184-187.

[6] Davidson E A,Janssens I A. Temperature sensitivity of soil carbon decomposition and feedbacks to climate change[J]. Nature,2006,440:165-173.

[7] Lal R. Soil carbon sequestration impacts on global climate change and food security[J]. Science,2004,30411: 1 623-1 627.

[8] Antle J,Capalbo S,Mooney S,et al. Sensitivity of carbon sequestration costs to soil carbon rates[J]. Environmental Pollution,2002,116:413-422.

[9] Paustian K,Andrén O,Janzen H H,et al. Agricultural soils as a sink to mitigate CO2 emissions[J]. Soil Use and Management,1997,134:230-244.

[10] Six J,Conant R T,Paul E A,et al. Stabilization mechanisms of soil organic matter: Implications for C-saturation of soils[J]. Plant and Soil,2002,241:155-176.

[11] Campbell C A,Bowren K E,Schnitzer M,et al. Effect of crop rotations and fertilization on soil biochemical properties in a thick Black Chernozem[J]. Canadian Journal of Soil Science,1991,71:377-387.

[12] West T O,Six J. Considering the influence of sequestration duration and carbon saturation on estimates of soil carbon capacity[J]. Climatic Change,2007,80:25-41.

[13] Smith P,Powlson D S,Glendining M J. Establishing a European soil organic matter networkSOMNET[C]Powlson D S,Smith P,Smith J U,eds. Evaluation of Soil Organic Matter Models using Existing,Long-Term Datasets,NATO ASI Series I,Vol. 38.Berlin:Springer-Verlag,1996:81-98.

[14] Lal R. Soil carbon sequestration in China through agricultural intensification and restoration of degraded and desertified ecosystems[J]. Land Degradation and Development,2002,13: 469-478.

[15] Lal R. Carbon management in agricultural soils[J]. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change,2007,12:303-322.

[16] Post W M,Kwon K C. Soil carbon sequestration and land-use change: Processes and potential[J]. Global Change Biology,2000,6:317-327.

[17] Smith P. Carbon sequestration in crop lands:The potential in Europe and the global context[J]. Europe Agronomy,2004,20:229-236.

[18] Smith P. An overview of the permanence of soil organic carbon stocks:Influence of direct human-induced, indirect and natural effects[J]. European Journal of Soil Science,2005,56:673-680.

[19] West T O,Post W M. Soil organic carbon sequestration by tillage and crop rotation:A global data analysis[J]. Soil Science Society of America Journal,2002,66:1 930-1 946.

[20] Pan Genxing,Zhou Ping,Li Lianqing,et al. Core issues and research progresses of soil science of C sequestration[J]. Acta Pedologica Sinica,2007,442:327-337. [潘根兴,周萍,李恋卿,. 固碳土壤学的核心科学问题与研究进展[J]. 土壤学报,2007,442:327-337.]

[21] Niu X Z,Duiker S W. Carbon sequestration potential by afforestation of marginal agricultural land in the Midwestern US[J]. Forest Ecology and Management,2006,223:415-427.

[22] Sperow M,Eve M,Paustian K. Potential soil C sequestration on US agricultural soils[J]. Climatic Change,2003, 57: 319-339.

[23] Sleutel S,de Neve S,Hofman G,et al. Carbon stock changes and carbon sequestration potential of Flemish cropland soils[J]. Global Change Biology,2003,9:1 193-1 203.

[24] Lal R,Bruce J P. The potential of world cropland soils to sequester C and mitigate the greenhouse effect[J]. Environmental Science and Policy,1999,2:177-185.

[25] Metting F B,Smith J L,Amthor J S,et al. Science needs and new technology for increasing soil carbon sequestration[J]. Climatic Change,2001,51:11-34.

[26] Smith P,Powlson D S,Glendining M J,et al. Preliminary estimate of the potential for carbon mitigation in European soils through no-till farming[J]. Global Change Biology,1998,4:679-685.

[27] Smith P,Powlson D S,Smith J U,et al. Meeting Europe's climate change commitments: Quantitative estimates of the potential for carbon mitigation by agriculture[J]. Global Change Biology,2000b,6:525-539.

[28] Freibauer A,Rounsevell M D A,Smith P,et al. Carbon sequestration in the agricultural soils of Europe[J]. Geoderma,2004,122: 1-23.

[29] Smith P,Powlson D S,Smith J U,et al. Meeting the UK's climate change commitments: Options for carbon mitigation on agricultural land[J]. Soil Use and Management,2000,16:1-11.

[30] Singh B R,Lal R. The potential of soil carbon sequestration through improved management practices in Norway[J]. Environment, Development and Sustainability,2005,7:161-184.

[31] Lal R,Kimble J M,Follett R F,et al. The Potential of US Crop Lands to Sequester Carbon and Mitigate the Greenhouse Effect[M]. Chelsea,Michigan,USA: Ann Arbor Press,1998.

[32] Lal R,Follett R F,Kimble J M. Managing US cropland to sequester carbon in soil[J]. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation,1999,54:374-381.

[33] Bruce J P,Frome M,Haites E,et al. Carbon sequestration in soils[J]. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation,1999,541:382-389.

[34] Lal R. Soil carbon sequestration in India[J]. Climatic Change,2004,65:277-296.

[35] Lal R. Offseting China's CO2 emissions by soil carbon sequestration[J]. Climatic Change,2004,65:263-275.

[36] Han Bing,Wang Xiaoke,Ouyang Zhiyun. Saturation levels and carbon sequestration potentials of soil carbon pools in farmland ecosystems of China[J]. Rural Eco-Environment,2005,214:6-11. [韩冰,王效科,欧阳志云.中国农田生态系统土壤碳库的饱和水平及其固碳潜力[J]. 农村生态环境,2005,214:6-11.]

[37] Pan G X,Li L Q,Wu L S,et al. Storage and sequestration potential of topsoil organic carbon in China’s paddy soils[J]. Global Change Biology,2003,10:79-92.

[38] Cai Zucong. Progress Report of the Study on Carbon Budget in Terrestrial and Marginal Sea Eeosystcmy of China Granted by the Knovledge Innovation Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[R].2006.[蔡祖聪. 中国科学院知识创新工程重大项目科学研究工作进展报告[R]. 2006.]

[39] Li Zhongpei,Wu Dafu. Organic C content at steady state and potential of C sequestration of paddy soils in subtropical China[J]. Acta Pedologica Sinica,2006,431:46-52. [李忠佩,吴大付. 红壤水稻土有机碳库的平衡值确定及固碳潜力分析[J]. 土壤学报,2006,431:46-52.]

[40] Liu Shoulong,Tong Chengli,Zhang Wenju,et al. Simulation of carbon sequestration potential of paddy soils in Hunan province,China[J]. Journal of Natural Resources,2006,211:118-125. [刘守龙,童成立,张文菊,. 湖南省稻田表层土壤固碳潜力模拟研究[J]. 自然资源学报,211:118-125.]

[41] Thomson A M,Izaurralde R C,Rosenberg N J,et al. Climate change impacts on agriculture and soil carbon sequestration potential in the Huang-Hai plain of China[J]. Agriculture,Ecosystem and Environment,2006,114: 195-209.

[42] Six J,Paustian K,Elliott E T,et al. Soil structure and organic matter: I. distribution of aggregate-size classes and aggregate-associated carbon[J]. Science Society of America Journal,2000,64:681-689.

[43] Baldock J A,Skjemstad J O. Role of the soil matrix and minerals in protecting natural organic materials against biological attack[J]. Organic Geochemistry,2000,31:697-710.

[44] Hassink J. The capacity of soils to preserve organic C and N by their association with clay and silt particles[J]. Plant and Soil,1997,191:77-87.

[45] VandenBygaart A J,Yang X M,Kay B D,et al. Variability in carbon sequestration potential in no-till soil landscapes of southern Ontario[J]. Soil and Tillage Research,2002,65:231-241.

[46] Konen M E,Burras C L,Sandor J A. Organic carbon, texture, and quantitative color measurement relationships for cultivated soils in north central Iowa[J]. Science Society of America Journal,2003,67:1 823-1 830.

[47] Nichols J D. Relation of organic carbon to soil properties and climate in the Southern Great Plains[J]. Soil Science Society of America Journal,1984,48:1 382-1 384.

[48] Alvarez R,Lavado R S. Climate, organic matter and clay content relationships in the Pampa and Chaco soils,Argentina[J]. Geoderma,1998,83:127-141.

[49] Amelung W,Zech W,Zhang X,et al. Carbon,nitrogen,and sulfur pools in particle-size fractions as influenced by climate[J]. Soil Science Society of America Journal,1998,621:172-181.

[50] Cannell M G R. Carbon sequestration and biomass energy offset: Theoretical, potential and achievable capacities globally,in Europe and UK[J]. Biomass and Bioenergy,2003,24:97-116.

[51] Smith P,Fallon P,Franko U,et al. Greenhouse gas mitigation potential in agricultural soils[C]Ganadell J G,Pataki D E,Pitelka L F,eds. Terrestrial Ecosystems in a Changing World. Berlin,Heidelberg:Springer-Verlag,2007:227-235.

[52] McCarl B A,Schneider U A. Greenhouse gas mitigation in US agriculture and forestry[J]. Science,2001,294:2 481-2 482.

[53] Alvarez R. A review of nitrogen fertilizer and conservation tillage effects on soil organic carbon storage[J]. Soil Use and Management,2005,21:38-52.

[54] Diekow J,Mielniczuk J,Knicker H,et al. Soil C and N stocks as affected by cropping systems and nitrogen fertilisation in a southern Brazil Acrisol managed under no-tillage for 17 years[J]. Soil and Tillage Research,2005,81: 87-95.

[55] Follett R F,Castellanos J Z,Buenger E D. Carbon dynamics and sequestration in an irrigated Vertisol in Central Mexico[J]. Soil and Tillage Research,2005,83:148-158.

[56] Tan Z X,Lal R. Carbon sequestration potential estimates with changes in land use and tillage practice in Ohio,USA[J]. Agriculture,Ecosystems and Environment,2005,111:140-152.

[57] Smith P,Milne R,Powlson D S,et al. Revised estimates of the carbon mitigation potential of UK agricultural land[J]. Soil Use and Management,2000c,16:293-295.

[58] Vleeshouwers L M,Verhagen A. Carbon emission and sequestration by agricultural land use:A model study for Europe[J]. Global Change Biology,2002,8:519-530.

[59] Parton W J. The Century Model[C]Powlson D S,Smith P,Smith J U,eds. Evaluation of Soil Organic Matter Models Using Existing Long-term Datasets.Berlin, Germany:Springer-Verlag,1994:283-293.

[60] Farage P K,Ard  J,Olsson L. The potential for soil carbon sequestration in three tropical dryland farming systems of Africa and Latin America: A modelling approach[J]. Soil and Tillage Research,2007,94:457-472.

[61] Li C S,Zhuang Y H,Frolking S,et al. Modeling soil organic carbon change in croplands of China[J]. Ecological Applications,2003,132:327-336.

[62] Falloon P D,Smith P,Smith J U,et al. Regional estimates of carbon sequestration potential: Linking the rothamsted carbon model to GIS databases[J]. Biology and Fertility of Soils,1998,27:236-241.

[63] Yan H M,Cao M Q,Liu J Y,et al. Potential and sustainability for carbon sequestration with improved soil management in agricultural soils of China[J]. Agriculture,Ecosystems and Environment,2007,121:325-335.

[64] Richman R W,Douglas C L,Albrecht S L,et al. CQESTR:A model to estimate carbon sequestration in agricultural soils[J]. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation,2001,563:237-243.

[65] Stewart C E,Plante A F,Paustian K,et al. Soil carbon saturation: Linking concept and measurable carbon pools[J]. Soil Science Society of America Journal,2008,72:379-392.

[66] Guo L B,Gifford R M. Soil carbon stocks and land use change: A meta analsis[J]. Global Change Biology, 2002,8:345-360.

[67] de Graaff M A,van Groenigen K J,Six J,et al. Interactions between plant growth and soil nutrient cycling under elevated CO2: A meta-analysis[J]. Global Change Biology, 2006,1211:2 077-2 091.

[68] Luo S M,Han C R. Ecological agriculture in China[C]Edwards C A,Lal R,Madden P,et al.eds. Sustainable Agricultural Systems. Soil and Water Conservation Society,Ankeny,Iowa,USA,1990:299-322.

[69] Subke J A,Inglima I,Cotrufo M F. Trends and methodological impacts in soil CO2 efflux partitioning: A metaanalytical review[J]. Global Change Biology,2006,12:1-23.

[70] Pickett S T A. Space-for-time substitution as an alternative to long-term studies[C]Likens G E,ed. Long-Term Studies in Ecology: Approaches and Alternatives.New York:Springer,1989:110-135.

[71] Sparling G,Ross D,Trustrum N,et al. Recovery of topsoil characteristics after landslip erosion in dry hill country of New Zealand,and a test of the space-for-time hypothesis[J]. Soil Biology and Biochemistry,2003,3512:1 575-1 586.

[72] Zaitsev A,Wolters V,Waldhardt R,et al. Long-term succession of oribatid mites after conversion of croplands to grasslands[J]. Applied Soil Ecology,2006,342/3:230-239. 

[73] Wei Yiming,Fan Ying,Wang Yi,et al. Suggestions and solutions to carbon emissions in China[J]. Advances in Climate Change Research,2006,21:15-20. [魏一鸣,范英,王毅,. 关于我国碳排放问题的若干对策与建议[J]. 气候变化研究进展,2006,21:15-20.]

[74] Pan Genxing,Zhao Qiguo. Study on evolution of organic carbon stock in agricultural soils of China:Facing the challenge of global change and food security[J]. Advances in Earth Science,2005,204:384-393.[潘根兴,赵其国. 我国农田土壤碳库演变研究:全球变化和国家粮食安全[J]. 地球科学进展,2005,204:384-393.]

[75] Six J,Elliott E T,Paustian K. Soil macroaggregate turnover and microaggregate formation:A mechanism for C sequestration under no-tillage agriculture[J]. Soil Biology and Biochemistry,2000,32:2 099-2 103.

[76] Abiven S,Menasseri S,Angers D A. A model to predict soil aggregate stability dynamics following organic residue incorporation under field conditions[J]. Soil Science Society of America Journal,2008,721:119-125.

No Suggested Reading articles found!