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Advances in Earth Science  2007, Vol. 22 Issue (5): 486-494    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2007.05.0486
Progress in the Study of Atmospheric Energy Efficiency
GAO Li1,2, LI Jian-ping2
1.National Meteorological Center, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing 100081,China;2.State Key Laboratory of Numerical Modeling f or Atmospheric Sciences and Geophysical Fluid Dynamics,Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029,China
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The efficiency of atmospheric energy is an important component of atmospheric science research all along and has been evidently developed in the past  tens of years. The present paper aims at a comprehensive review of the research progress of atmospheric energetics, especially for its efficiency problem. Focused on some problems existing in the classical theory of available potential energy, a new concept named as perturbation potential energy (PPE) has been put forward in order to extend the scale of energetic efficiency from global to local or regional atmosphere. Furthermore, some theoretical and applied problems have been preliminarily studied. Mathematical expressions have been derived and their physical senses have been discussed. In previous works, some characteristics of PPE including climatology, basal spatio-temporary features, and associations between PPE and atmospheric kinetic energy, have been diagnosed by using NCEP/NCAR reanalysis dataset, and many meaningful results have been obtained. In fact, it can be seen that the PPE is an crucial physical variable for research on variation, transform and cycle of local circulation energy, which will play an important role in investigating local or regional weather and climate change.

Key words:  Available potential energy      Perturbation potential energy      Atmospheric reference state      Atmospheric kinetic energy.      Energy efficiency     
Received:  05 February 2007      Published:  10 May 2007
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GAO Li, LI Jian-ping. Progress in the Study of Atmospheric Energy Efficiency. Advances in Earth Science, 2007, 22(5): 486-494.

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