Please wait a minute...
img img
Adv. Search
Advances in Earth Science  2006, Vol. 21 Issue (5): 459-464    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2006.05.0459
The Response of Environmental Changes on Tibetan Plateau to Global Changes and Adaptation Strategy
Yao Tandong1,Zhu Liping2
1.Institute of Tibetan Plateau, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085,China;2.Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101,China
Download:  PDF (73KB) 
Export:  BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      

The environmental changes of Tibetan Plateau possess sensitive response and strong effect to global changes. The interaction between modern environment and land surface processes on the plateau induces a series of variations in the cryosphere, water resources and ecological system, which produce important influence on the human living circumstance and economic-society development on the plateau itself and periphery regions. As a region focused by international scientific research, the plateau experienced three developing stages. The first is focusing the systemic studies of the key problems in the key areas, the second is focusing the monitoring studies centered with surface processes, and the third is focusing the interactions among different spheres influenced by global changes. This project possesses very important significance to the study of environmental changes on Tibetan Plateau and the contribution for international scientific frontier as well as local economics-society development. In this project, a series of objectives are planned to be achieved: discovering key tectonic and environmental events from the plateau's formation to its present landform structures; reconstructing climatic and environmental sequences with different time scales in different areas and clarifying their space-time features; elucidating the variation characteristics of cryosphere, lakes, dominant ecosystems and land covers under different climatic conditions on the plateau; revealing the responses of the environmental changes and land surface processes of the plateau to global changes, and the effects of the plateau's thermo and dynamical processes to different climatic systems. Some methods and contents are performed in this project: By using geomorphologic and sedimentary methods, we study the formation processes of present landform and environment frames. By collecting lake cores, ice cores and tree rings, we study key events during the past environment changes and their linkages to global changes. By analyzing the space-time variations of glaciers, permafrost and snow accumulations together with observation of boundary layers, we study the variations of cryosphere and cycling processes of energy and water. By monitoring the glaciers, lakes and atmosphere together with using climatic models, we study the potential mechanism of environmental changes. By detecting the variations of carbon sources and sinks in the dominant ecosystems, we study the response of the main ecosystem to environmental changes. By a series of integrated analyses, we study the effects of the environmental changes and water sources changes on the Tibetan Plateau and adaptation strategies under global changes.

Key words:  Tibetan plateau      Environmental changes      Global changes      Adaptation strategy.     
Received:  21 April 2006      Published:  15 May 2006
E-mail this article
Add to my bookshelf
Add to citation manager
E-mail Alert
Articles by authors
YAO Tan-dong
ZHU Li-ping

Cite this article: 

Yao Tandong,Zhu Liping. The Response of Environmental Changes on Tibetan Plateau to Global Changes and Adaptation Strategy. Advances in Earth Science, 2006, 21(5): 459-464.

URL:     OR

[1] Kutzbach J E, Prell W L, Ruddiman W F. Sensitivity of Eurasian Climate to surface uplift of the Tibetan Plateau[J]. Journal of Geology,1993,101:177-190.

[2] 孙鸿烈, 郑度.青藏高原综合科学考察研究的回顾与展望[C]郑度等主编.青藏高原形成环境与发展. 石家庄: 河北科学技术出版社, 2003.

[3] Guo Z T, Ruddiman W, Hao Q Z, et al. Onset of Asian desertifications by 22Myr ago inferred from loess deposits in China[J]. Nature,2002,416:159-163.

[4] Fang X M, Carmala G, Rob V, et al. Flexural subsidence by 29 Ma on the NE edge of Tibet from the magnetostratigraphy of Linxia Basin,China[J]. Earth and Planetary Science Letters,2003,210:545-560.

[5] Liu X D, Yin Z Y. Sensitivity of East Asian monsoon climate to the uplift of the Tibetan Plateau. Palaeogeography[J]. Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology,2002,183:223-245.

[6] 姚檀栋, 徐柏青, 段克勤, .青藏高原达索普冰芯2 ka来温度和甲烷浓度变化记录[J].中国科学:D,2002,32(4):346-352.

[7] Zhu Liping, Wang Junbo, Chen Ling, et al. 20,000-year environmental change reflected by Multidisciplinary Lake sediments in Chen Co, Southern Tibet[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica,2004,59(4):514-524.[朱立平,王君波,陈玲,.藏南沉错湖泊沉积多指标揭示的二万年以来环境变化[J].地理学报,2004,59(4):514-524.]

[8] Thompson L G, Mosley-Thompson E, Davis M E, et al. Tropical glacier and ice core evidence of climate change on annual to millennial time scales[J]. Climatic Change,2002,59:137-155.

[9] 施雅风,刘时银.中国冰川对21世纪全球变暖响应的预估[J].科学通报,2000,45(4):434-438.

[10] Meier M F, Dyurgerov M B. How Alaska affects the world[J]. Science,2002,297:350-351.

[11] Wang S L, Niu F J, Zhao L, et al. The thermal stability of roadbed in permafrost regions along Qinghai-Tibet Highway[J]. Cold Regions Science and Technology,2003,37:25-34.

[12] Chen Guichen, Huang Zhiwei, Lu Xuefeng, et al. Characteristics of wetland and its conservation in the Qinghai Plateau[J]. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology,2002,24(3):254-259.[陈桂琛, 黄志伟, 卢学峰, . 青海高原湿地特征及其保护[J].冰川冻土,2002,24(3):254-259.]

[13] Klein J A, Harte J, Zhao X Q. Experimental warming causes large and rapid species loss, dampened by simulated grazing, on the Tibetan Plateau[J]. Ecology Letters,2004,7(12):1 170-1 179.

[14] 郑度,姚檀栋,.青藏高原隆升与环境效应[M]. 北京: 科学出版社,2004.

[15] Bollasina M, Benedict S. The role of the Himalayas and the Tibetan Plateau within the Asian monsoon system[J]. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society,2004,85(7):1 001.

[16] Wu Guoxiong, Liu Yimin, Liu Xin, et al. How the heating over the Tibetan Plateau affects the Asian climate in summer[J]. Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences,2005,29(1):47-56.[吴国雄, 刘屹岷, 刘新, .青藏高原加热如何影响亚洲夏季的气候格局[J]. 大气科学,2005,29(1):47-56.]

[17] 方小敏, 韩永翔, 马金辉, . 青藏高原沙尘特征与高原黄土堆积: 2003-03-04拉萨沙尘天气过程为例[J]. 科学通报,2004,49(11):1 084-1 090.

[18] Wu T W, Qian Z G. The relation between the Tibetan winter snow and the Asian summer monsoon and rainfall: An observational investigation[J]. Journal of Climate,2003,16:2 038-2 051.

[19] 苏珍, 施雅风. 小冰期以来中国季风温冰川对全球变暖的响应[J]. 冰川冻土,2000,22(3):223-229.

[20] Rea D K, Snoeckx H, Joseph L H. Late Cenozoic eolian deposition in the northern Pacific: Asian drying, Tibet uplift, and cooling of the northern hemisphere[J]. Palaeoceanography,1998,13:215-224.

[21] Raymo M E, Ruddiman W F, Froelich P N. Influence of late Cenozoic mountain building on ocean geochemical cycles[J]. Geology,1988,16:649-653.

[22] Moore III B. Meeting tomorrow's challenges[J]. IGBP News Letter,1999,38:2.

[23] Chen Yiyu, Chen Panqin, Ge Quansheng, et al. Global change research: Progress and prospect[J]. Earth Science Frontiers,2002,9(1):11-18.[陈宜瑜,陈泮勤,葛全胜,.全球变化研究进展与展望[J]. 地学前缘,2002,9(1):11-18.]


No Suggested Reading articles found!