Advances in Earth Science ›› 2002, Vol. 17 ›› Issue (6): 877-880. doi: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2002.06.0877

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WANG De-xuan 1,LU Xian-guo 1,DING Wei-xin 2,CAI Zu-cong 2, GAO Jing-fu 3, YANG Fu-ming 3   

  1. 1.Northeast Institute of Geography and Agricultural Ecology, CAS, Changchun 130012,China; 2. Nanjing Institute of Soil, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China;3. Sichuan Institute of Grassland, Hongyuan 624400, China
  • Received:2002-03-04 Revised:2002-06-12 Online:2002-12-20 Published:2002-12-01

WANG De-xuan,LU Xian-guo,DING Wei-xin,CAI Zu-cong, GAO Jing-fu, YANG Fu-ming. METHANE EMISSION FROM MARSHES IN ZOIGE PLATEAU[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2002, 17(6): 877-880.

Now the global climate change is the grandest environmental problem in the world. Methane as an important green house gas, its concentration in the global troposphere is increasing. Based on IPCC, atmospheric concentration of methane has increased to 1.745 ppm in 1998. Marsh is a major source of methane emission. China is one of the countries in which there are more marshes. In addition, of all the countries with marshes in the world, only China has plateau marsh, so studying methane emission from China’s plateau marsh is of great importance to estimating the global gross of methane emission. With an area of about 4 038 km2, Zoige plateau is the largest  plateau marsh in China. The carex muliejsis marsh and the carex Meyeriana marsh are the typical marshes in the area. Methane emission flux from the two typical marshes was first monitored twice a week from May to September in 2001. Methane flux measurements were made with the use of a closed-chamber. Methane concentration was determined using a gas chromatograph called Shimadzu GC-12A made in Japan and equipped with a flame ionization detector and a 2-m Poropak Q (80/100 mesh) column. Methane emission flux from the the carex Muliejsis marsh was 0.51~8.20 mg/(m2·h), with an average of 2.87 mg/(m2·h), and from the carex meyeriana marsh was 0.36~10.04 mg/(m2·h), with an average of 4.51 mg/(m2·h). As Zoige plateau with a special climate, a 3~5℃ low temperature even occurred in July and August, which causes no more methane to be emitted from the marshes in the two months than in the other months of the year and there was not obvious high value of CH4 emission in the period of monitoring. According to the CH4 average emission quantity, count of days and area of the marshes, the CH4 emission quantity is about 0.052 Tg/a in Zoige marshes.  

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