The great progress on Quaternary palynology has been achieved in China with the research of global change. The resolution of the sample analysis has been risen under the efforts of Chinese palynologist, which reached 1 000 year resolution on 100 000 year scale and 100 year on 1 000 year scale. Pollen-climate transfer function and pollen-climate response surface have been established in northern China for reconstructing climate quantitatively. The patterns of biomes have simulated systemically by the results of surface pollen analysis. The research on the consisting features of the different sedimentary conditions has been developed. The fact on about 2.5℃lower occurred at 8 300 a BP than present has been recognized by reconstructing quantitatively in the Diaojiao hole. The biomes changes more obviously at about 6 000 a BP than today. At the same time, palynological method has been applied widely in the research of environmental archaeology.