Advances in Earth Science ›› 1996, Vol. 11 ›› Issue (2): 169-177. doi: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.1996.02.0169

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Wang Shaowu   

  1. Department of Geophysics,Beijing University,Beijing  100871
  • Received:1995-10-10 Online:1996-03-01 Published:1996-03-01

Wang Shaowu. PROGRESS IN CLIMATOLOGICAL STUDIES[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 1996, 11(2): 169-177.

Recent progress in climatological studies for the period of 1980’s and early 1990’s were reviewed.The following problems were discussed :(1) Climate variabilitied in the 20th century .Inter-decadal variabilities and abrupt change of climate were emphasized;(2)Simulation and prediction of ENSO.The results of a series of models were compared each other. Distinguishing feature of ENSO in early 1990’s was studied;(3)ENSO and monsoon. The important role of summer monsoon in evolution of ENSO cycle was indicated;(4)Climate predictability . Results of monthly and seasonal prediction and simulation with observed external forcing were reviewed; (5)Analysis of factors responsible for climatic change.Uncertainties of greenhouse effect and role of solar activity and volcanism were examined.

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