Please wait a minute...
img img
Adv. Search
Advances in Earth Science  1995, Vol. 10 Issue (3): 283-288    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.1995.03.0283
Piao Hechun, Liu Guangshen,Hong Yetang
Institute of Geochemistry,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Guiyang   550002
Download:  PDF (276KB) 
Export:  BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      

    N2O is one of the important greenhouse gases, and is an intermediate product of nitrification and denitrification. There are a variety of N2O-releasing sources, of which the pedosphere is one of the important N2O-releasing sources. Temperature is one of key factors affecting N2O-releasing flux.
    On the basis of enhancing mineralization of organic matter, and inducing non-biological stress on microorganic population as a result of soil freezing-thawing, it is summarized that global freezing-thawing soils are the important N2O-releasing sources in consideration of the characteristics of freezing-thawing soils and wetland in tundra.

Key words:  Soil freezing-thawing      Nitrification      Denitrification      Nitrous oxide      Tundra.     
Received:  06 June 1994      Published:  01 June 1995
E-mail this article
Add to my bookshelf
Add to citation manager
E-mail Alert
Articles by authors

Cite this article: 

Piao Hechun, Liu Guangshen,Hong Yetang. SOILS IN GLOBAL FREEZING-THAWING AREAS AS THE MAJOR N2O-RELEASING SOURCE. Advances in Earth Science, 1995, 10(3): 283-288.

URL:     OR

[1] Lacis A,Hansen J,Lee P,Mitchell T and Lebedeff S. Greenhouse effect of trace gases,1970-1980. Geophysical Research Letters,1981,8:1035-1038.
[2] Crutzen P J.Atmosphere chemical processes of the oxides of nitrogen,including nitrous oxide. In Delwiche C C (ed). Denitrification, nitrification and atmospheric nitrous oxide.John Wiley and Sons, Inc New York,1981. 17-44.
[3] Schlesinger W H.Biogeochemistry, an analysis of global change. Academic press ,San Dirgo,1991. 323-335.
[4] Liss P S and Slater P G. Flux of gases across the air-sea interface. Nature,1974,247: 181-184.
[5] Bolle H J, Seder W and Bolin B. Other greenhouse gases and aerosols,In: Bolin B, Doos B R, Lager J and Warrick R A(eds.).The greenhouse effect,climatic change and ecosystems. Wiley,Chichester,1986.157-203.
[6] Muzio L J, Kramlich J C.An artifact in the measurement of N2O from combustion sources. Geophysical Research Letters ,1988,15:1369-1372.
[7] Keller M, Kaplan W A and Wofsy S C. Emissions of N2O,CH4, and CO2 form tropical forest soils. Journal of Geophysical Research,1986,91:11791-11802.
[8] Matson P A and Vitousek P M.Ecosystem approach to a global nitrous oxide budget. Bioscience,1990,40: 667-672.
[9] Muneoki Yoh, Akihiko Yagi and Hisayoshi Terai. Significance of low-oxygen zone for nitrogen cycling in a freshwater lake:Production of N2O by simultaneous denitrification and nitrification. The Japanese Journal of Limnology,1990 ,51:163-171.
[10] Bremner J M,Robbins S G and Blackmer A M. Seasonal variability in emission of nitrous oxide from soil. Geophysical Research Letters,1980,7: 641-644.
[11] Cates R L Jr and Keeney D R.Nitrous oxide production throughout the year from fertilized and manured maize fields.J Environ Qual,1987,16:443-447.
[12] Sahrawat K L, Keeney D R. Vinous oxide emission from soils.Adv Soil Sci,1986,4: 103-148.
[13] 关松荫.土壤酶及其研究法.北京:农业出版社,1986.
[14] Ross D J and Bridger B A. Influence of temperature on biochemical processes in some soils from tussock grasslands 2, nitrogen mineralization. New Zealand Journal of Science,1978,21:591-597.
[15] Cheng B T,Bourget S J and Ouellett G J. Influence of alternate freezing and thawing on the availability of some soil minerals. Can J Soil Sci,1971,51:323-328.
[16] Ivarson K C, Sowden F J.Effect of frost action and storage of soil at freezing temperatures on the free amino acids,free sugars and respiratory activity of soil. Can J Soil Sci,1970,50:191-198.
[17] Mack A R. Biological activity and mineralization of nitrogen in three soils as induced by freezing and drying. Can J Soil Sci ,1963.43 : 316-324.
[18] Sariz R S. Effects of forest cover removal on depth of soil freezing and overland flow. Soil Sci Soc Am Proc,1973,37:774-777.
[19] Soulides D A, Allison F E. Effect of drying and freezing soil on carbon dioxide production,available mineral nutrients,aggregation and bacterial population. Soil Sci,1961,91:291-298.
[20] Verberne E L J,Hassink J,Willigen De P,Groot J J R and Van Veen J A.Modelling organic matter dynamics in different soils. Neth J Agric Sci,1990,38: 221-238.
[21] Hassink J.Effects of soil texture and structure on carbon and nitrogen mineralization in grassland soils.Biology and Fertility of Soils,1992,14:126-134.
[22] Morley C R, Trofymow J A, Coleman D C and Cambardella C. Effects of freeze-thaw stress on bacterial populations in soil microcosms. Microbial Ecology,1983,9: 329-340.
[23] Ross D J. Effect of freezing and thawing of some grassland topsoils on oxygen uptakes and dehydrogenase activities. Soil Biol Biochem,1972,4:115-117.
[24] Ivarson K C and Gupta U C. Efiect of freezing on the free sugars in soil. Can J Soil Sci,1967,47: 74-75.
[25] Duff J H, Triska F J.Denitrification in sediments from the hyporheic zone adjacent to a small forested stream. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences,1990,47:1140-1147.
[26] Firestone M K. Biological denitrification. In:Stevenson F J (ed.).Nitrogen in Agricultural Soils.Agronomy,1982,22: 289-326.
[27] Sextone A J, Parkin T B and Tiedje J M.Temporal response of soil denitr fication rates to rainfall and irrigation. Soil Sci Soc Am J,1985, 49:99-103.
[28] Goodroad L L, Keeney D R. Nitrous oxide emissions from soils during thawing. Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 1984 , 64:187-194.
[29] Christensen S.Denitrification in a sandy loam soil as influenced by climatic and soil conditions. Tidsskrift for Planteavl,1985,89: 351-365.
[30] Smith C J,Delaune R D and Patrick Jr w H. Nitrous oxide emission from Gulf Coast wetlands. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta,1983,47:1805-1814.
[31] 赵其国,王浩清,顾国安.中国的冻土.土壤学报,1993, 30: 341-354.

No Suggested Reading articles found!