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地球科学进展  1998, Vol. 13 Issue (6): 518-525    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.1998.06.0518
干旱气候变化与可持续发展     
实验埋葬学及其研究进展
张兴亮,舒德干
西北大学地质系 西安 710069
EXPERIMENTAL TAPHONOMY AND ITS DEVELOPMENT
Zhang Xingliang,Shu Degan
Department of Geology, Northwest University, Xi'an 710069
 全文: PDF(1006 KB)  
摘要:

实验埋葬学是涉及地质学、生物学、化学、物理学等学科的一门交叉渗透性研究科学。它是在实验条件下研究生物或生物残体由生物圈转变到岩石圈的一系列变化过程及其与环境因素之间的相互作用关系。通过对环境因素的控制,研究各生物类别和组织类型的保存潜力及可能的保存状态,以及各环境因素在化石形成过程中的作用和结果。近年来的实验研究已为解决软躯体化石库的成因、早期核生物的鉴定、牙形动物和伊迪卡拉生物群的属性等一系列古生物学上的难题提供了新的思路。

关键词: 埋葬学实验埋葬学古生物学古环境分析    
Abstract:

Experimental taphonomy is a multidisciplinary research on the processes of fossilization, which is involved in geology, biology, chemistry and physics. It studies the transition of organism remains from the biosphere to the lithosphere, and interactions between organism remains and environmental factors in laboratory. By controlling the environmental factors, the relative preservation potential of different taxa and different tissue types as well as the possible depositional orientations can be assessed, which are critical to the interpretation of fossil materials. At the same time, the study of actions and results of environmental factors in the processes of fossilization provides a new method for the palaeoenvironmental analysis. A series of taphonomic experiments recently made throw a new light on some great puzzles in palaeontology, such as the origination of soft-tissue preservation, the identification of early eukaryotes, the affinities of conodont animal and the nature of Ediacaran biota etc. Therefore, Experimental taphonomy is a new approach of science for palaeontology and palaeoenvironmental analysis.

Key words: Taphonomy    Experimental taphonomy    Palaeontology    Palaeoenvironmental analysis.
收稿日期: 1997-10-30 出版日期: 1998-12-01
:  Q911  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目"一些软体动物的起源研究"(编号:49672086)和国家科委攀登计划项目"地球早期生命演化及寒武纪大爆发"资助。

通讯作者: 张兴亮   
作者简介: 张兴亮, 男, 1969年 4 月出生, 讲师, 主要从事澄江化石库和早期生命演化研究。
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引用本文:

张兴亮,舒德干. 实验埋葬学及其研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 1998, 13(6): 518-525.

Zhang Xingliang,Shu Degan. EXPERIMENTAL TAPHONOMY AND ITS DEVELOPMENT. Advances in Earth Science, 1998, 13(6): 518-525.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.1998.06.0518        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y1998/V13/I6/518

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