Please wait a minute...
img img
高级检索
地球科学进展  2010, Vol. 25 Issue (12): 1337-1346    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2010.12.1337
中亚水资源研究     
中亚五国跨界水资源开发利用与合作及其问题分析  
邓铭江1,龙爱华1,2,李湘权1,章毅1,雷雨1  
1.新疆水利厅,新疆乌鲁木齐 830000;2.中国水利水电科学研究院,北京 100038
An Analysis of the Exploitation, Cooperation and Problems of  Trans-boundary Water Resources in the Five Central Asian Countries 
Deng Mingjiang1, Long Aihua1,2, Zhang Yi1, Li Xiangquan1, Lei Yu1
1. Water Resources Department of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Urumqi 830000, China; 
2. Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Beijing 100038, China
 全文: PDF(1104 KB)  
摘要:

中亚五国跨界河流众多,水资源开发利用问题十分复杂,大规模无序的水土资源开发利用引发的生态问题相当突出,回顾其开发利用中的冲突与合作,对找寻中亚水资源问题的解决之道具有重要的理论意义和实践价值。简要介绍了中亚五国之间主要跨界河流流域河流水系、径流量,阐述主要跨界河流域水资源开发利用,重点分析了各跨界河流取用水量与农业灌溉的演变关系以及中亚五国跨界河流开发利用的水资源危机与生态危机、冲突与合作。在深入揭示中亚五国跨界河流危机主要原因的基础上,对中亚五国跨界河流水资源纠纷和生态危机未来发展趋势进行了分析,探析了中亚五国跨界河流开发利用主要对策。

关键词: 中亚五国跨界河流水资源危机生态危机合作对策    
Abstract:

The five central Asian countries own many trans-boundary rivers, which make the water resources development and utilization become very complicated, and which bring about serious ecological problems caused by large scale disordered exploitation of water-soil resources. Therefore, by reviewing the corporation and conflict during the process of development and utilization, it has significant theory and practical value to seek the method to solve the water resources problems in five central Asian countries. The paper introduces the river system and run-off amount of trans-boundary rivers in five central Asian countries in brief, elaborates the state quo of water resources development and utilization in main trans-boundary river basin, and analyzes the water intake amount from trans-boundary river and irrigation water capacity development relationship, the water resources crisis and ecological crisis, conflict and corporation of trans-boundary river in detail. On the basis of revealing the cause of crisis of the rivers of five central Asian countries, it gives an analysis of water resources conflicts and the ecological crisis development tendency of trans-boundary river, and discusses the main measures for the development and utilization of water resources in five central Asian countries.

Key words: Five central Asian countries    Trans-boundary river    Water resources crisis    Ecological crisis    Corporation measure.
收稿日期: 2010-10-08 出版日期: 2010-12-10
:  P343.1  
基金资助:

国家科技支撑计划项目“河流水资源开发与安全保障关键技术研究”(编号:2008BAB42B09、2008BAB42B03);国家自然科学基金创新研究群体项目“流域水循环模拟与调控”(编号:50721006)资助.

通讯作者: 邓铭江     E-mail: xjdmj@163.com
作者简介: 邓铭江(1960-),男,湖南耒阳人,教授级高级工程师,主要从事水利水电工程建设管理和水资源规划研究.E-mail:xjdmj@163.com
服务  
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章  

引用本文:

邓铭江,龙爱华,李湘权,章毅,雷雨. 中亚五国跨界水资源开发利用与合作及其问题分析  [J]. 地球科学进展, 2010, 25(12): 1337-1346.

Deng Mingjiang, Long Aihua, Zhang Yi, Li Xiangquan, Lei Yu. An Analysis of the Exploitation, Cooperation and Problems of  Trans-boundary Water Resources in the Five Central Asian Countries . Advances in Earth Science, 2010, 25(12): 1337-1346.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2010.12.1337        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2010/V25/I12/1337

[1] Д.М.Маматканов, Л.В.Бажанова, В.В.Романовский. The contemporary water resources in Kyrgyzstan[R].Nie Shuling, et al, translated. Bishkek: Institute of Water Problem and Hydropower of National Academy,2006.[Д.М.马马特坎诺夫,Л.В.芭扎诺娃,В.В.罗曼诺夫斯基. 当代吉尔吉斯斯坦的水资源[R].聂书岭等译.比什凯克:吉尔吉斯共和国国家科学院水问题与水能研究所,2006.]
[2] Claudia Sadoff, Thomas Greiber, Mark Smith,et al.Share: Managing waters across boundaries[R]. Gland: IUCN, 2008.
[3] SCI,ICWC, GWP CACENA. Integrated water resources management: Putting good theory into real practice. Central Asian experience[R]. Tashkent:SIC ICWC,2009.
[4] GWP CACENA. IWRM principles implementation in the countries of central Asia and caucasus[R]. Tashkent:GWP Secretariat Central Asia and Caucasus / IWMI Office,2004.
[5] United Nations. Strengthening cooperation for rational and efficient use of water and energy resources in central Asia[R]. New York: UN,2004.
[6] Li Da. The origin and its status of water resources dispute in central Asia [J].International Data and Information, 2009,9:25-29. [莉达. 中亚水资源纠纷由来与现状[J]. 国际资料信息,2009,9:25-29.]
[7] O′HARA S L. Central Asia′s water resources: Contemporary and future management issues[J].Water Resources Development,2000,16 (3):423-441.
[8] Martha Brill Olcott. Central Asia’s Second Chance[M]. Li Weijian translated. Beijing: Current News Press, 2007:26-27.[玛莎· 布瑞尔·奥卡特.中亚的第二次机会[M].李维建译.北京:时事出版社,2007:26-27.]
[9] Li Lifan, Liu Jinqian. Cooperation and prospective of water resources in central Asia—The strategy of SCO evolution[J].Journal of China Foreign Affairs University,2005,80(2):36-41.[李立凡,刘锦前.中亚水资源合作开发及其前景[J]. 外交学院学报,2005,80(2):36-41.] 
[10] Zhang Ning. Water resource cooperation in the central Asia countries[J].The Market of Russia-Central Asia and East Europe, 2005, 10:29-35.[张宁. 中亚国家的水资源合作[J].俄罗斯中亚东欧市场,2005,10:29-35.]
[11] ICG. Central Asia: Water and conflict[R]. International Crisis Group (ICG), Osh/Brussels, Asia Report No.34, 2002. 
[12] Zhang Xinhua, He Lunzhi. Water resources dissension in central Asia and resolutions through the market orientation of water resources[J].Social Sciences in Xinjiang,2008,1:59-64.[张新花,何伦志. 中亚水资源纠纷及通过水资源市场化的解决途径[J].新疆社会科学,2008,1:59-64.]

[1] 邓铭江,龙爱华,章毅,李湘权,雷雨. 中亚五国水资源及其开发利用评价  [J]. 地球科学进展, 2010, 25(12): 1347-1356.