Please wait a minute...
img img
地球科学进展  2004, Vol. 19 Issue (5): 852-859    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2004.05.0852
韶关大学英东生物工程学院生物地球化学营养工程研究所,广东 韶关 512005;中山大学地球科学系,广东 广州 510275
WANG Jiang-ke1,2 ,Zou He-ping 2,ZHENG Zhuo2
Institute of Biogeochemical Nutrition Engineering, Yingdong School of Biology  and Engineering , Shaoguan University, Shaoguan 512005,China;2.Department of Earth Sciences, Sun Yat-sen (Zhongshan) University, Guangzhou  510275,China
 全文: PDF(103 KB)  


关键词: 农业生物地球化学生物地球化学营养工程富素即富含生物源有机态微量元素    

Agricultural biogeochemistry is a branch subject of biogeochemistry as well as a new overlapping knowledge in the filed of life sciences, agriculture sciences, food sciences〖KG*2〗and medicine sciences. This new research field, based on the theory of biogeochemistry,  focused chiefly on chemical elements and ecological relation among agricultural organism, geochemical and biogeochemical process in the mass agricultural background, agricultural planning, nutrimental evaluation and promotion of the crop produces. The role of element cycles through the food chains (rock, weathering rock, soil, crop, animal and human) and the increase of trace element contents of crop produces for human health requirement have became the recent research aspects of agricultural biogeochemistry.
One of the most important applications of agricultural biogeochemistry technique is the method of biotransformation of element nutrition. On the basis of agricultural biogeochemistry theory, the trace elements of the crops can be improved through biological process by  using selected agricultural variety as the carrier to transform the inorganic elements to organic matters with biological activities. The purpose is to increase the trace element content in the agricultural products and to strengthen the human health requirement. It is obvious that the agrobiogeochemistry is both the practical application and development of theory of biogeochemistry. 
The agricultural products (such as soybean) of rich biological organic trace element nutriments cultivated through biogeochemical techniques are much better than the medicine products of inorganic nutrient element. The development of the relative techniques is significant for the exploitation of new medicines drug and new food of rich nutrient element that is crucial for the health of human beings in the 21 century. 
As we know, the development of green agriculture and organic agriculture is proposed because of the serious pollution of environment and farm produces which threaten the people's health. The work of biogeochemical nutrition aims at the issue human sub-health resulted from regional shortage of nutrient trace elements.
The purpose of developing agriculture is not only to improve the quality of produces and ensure the food supply, but also to solving the problem of nutrient crises in the world. The most important reasons are: (1) many diseases are caused by the food chains of regional inappropriate proportion or shortage of trace elements for normal demand of human health in the biogeochemistry background; (2) more and more people have "sub-health" because of inadequate content of trace element taken from the food. Therefore, a new subject of interdisciplinary sciences (agriculture, food, medicine, geochemistry, biology, etc.) is developed.
In the Chinese history of social and agricultural development, four stages may be divided: the primeval cultivating by destroying forest; feudal traditional agriculture; petroleum agriculture of last century; green agriculture and rich nutrient element agriculture of this century. It seems that the
 agricultural biogeochemistry combines agronomy technology, social economy and human health evolution and  becomes a sustained research topic that is related closely to the catchword “nutrient crises”, “agricultural revolution” and “food revolution”. The research of this new scientific field is significant for promoting agriculture technology, national economy and human health.

Key words: Biogeochemisty    biogeochemical nutrition engineering    natural organic trace element.
收稿日期: 2003-09-22 出版日期: 2004-10-01
:  S13  
通讯作者: 王将克(1936-),男,广东人,教授,现主要从事生物地球化学和农业生物地球化学研究     E-mail:
作者简介: 王将克(1936-),男,广东人,教授,现主要从事生物地球化学和农业生物地球化学研究
E-mail Alert


王将克;邹和平;郑卓. 农业生物地球化学———新兴的边缘学科[J]. 地球科学进展, 2004, 19(5): 852-859.

WANG Jiang-ke,Zou He-ping,ZHENG Zhuo. AGRICULTURAL BIOGEOCHEMISTRY—A NEW FRONTIER SUBJECT. Advances in Earth Science, 2004, 19(5): 852-859.


[1]Bepнадскии Б И. Bиогеохимические: Ο  черки 1922-1932[M]. гг.м-JI.,1940
[2]Виноградов  А П. Микрозлемеиы в  Жизнй и  Животнкх[M].Москва:Мздателъство  Академий  Наук  СССР,1952.
[3]Guo Bosheng(郭伯生).The current situation and prospects for application of rare earth element in agriculture[J]. Journal of Chinese Rare Earth Society(中国稀土学报), 1984,3: 89-93 ( in Chinese).
[4]Wang Kui(王夔). The Trace Element in the Life Sciences [M]. Beijing: Chinese Metrological Press,1996(in Chinese).
[5]Liu Zheng(刘铮).  The Trace Element in Soil of China [M]. Nanjing: Jiangsu Science and Technology Press,1996(in Chinese).
[6]Yu Da(于达).“ The studies of amino acid and trace element complex compounds” adopted by state appraisal [J].Chinese Forage(中国饲料),1996,(5): 11 (in Chinese).
[7]Lü Defu(吕德福), et al.Amino acid trace element chelate and its application in forage industry [J].Chinese Forage(中国饲料), 1994,(2):12 ( in Chinese).
[8]Zhang Peifang, et al. The Application of Leaf Fertilizer in Agriculture[M]. Shanghai:  Shanghai Science and Technology Documentary Press,1990(in Chinese).
[9]Zhang Zhishen(张之申), et al. Production of high-content-zinc eggs (preliminary report) [J]. Trace Elements(微量元素),1989,(5):59-61( in Chinese).
[10]Zhang Zhishen(张之申), et al.  Changes of content of zinc, iron and copper in the tissue of egg-produced hen after over-amount zinc in daily grain fed[J]. Trace Elements(微量元素), 1991,(2): 44-45( in Chinese).
[11]Wang Jiangke(王将克), Lin Ke(林克).The application prospects of trace element selenium in the agricultural fields [J].Guangdong Soil(广东土壤),1998,(3)(in Chinese).
[12]Liu Wenlong(刘文龙), et al.Studies of high-content-zinc vegetable[J]. Trace Elements(微量元素),1991,(2): 41-43(in Chinese).
[13]He Yanzhen(何艳贞), et al.Studies of germanium-rich sprout[J]. Studies of Trace Elements and Health(微量元素与健康研究), 1992,(2):39-40( in Chinese).
[14]Wu Xingde(武兴德), et al. Studies of selenium-rich vegetable [J]. Studies of Trace Element and Health(微量元素与健康研究),1993, (3):37-38 ( in Chinese).
[15]Xu Huide(徐辉德), et al. Cultivate experiments of selenium-rich tea [J]. Trace Elements(微量元素), 1988,(1): 57-58(in Chinese).
[16]Yang Yongyun(杨咏云). Studies of methods to increase the content of selenium in grains by spouting selenium to crops [J]. Shannxi Medicine(陕西医药), 1985,(1)( in Chinese).
[17]Zhang Shuxian(张书贤), et al.Application of amino acid trace element chelate in livestock, fowls and fish husbandry [J]. Forage Reader(饲料博览),1996,8(5): 28 ( in Chinese).
[18]Wang Jiangke(王将克), Chang Hong(常弘), Liao Jinfeng(廖金凤), et al.Biological Geochemistry [M].Guangzhou: Guangdong Science and Technology Press,1999( in Chinese).
[19]Wang Jiangke(王将克), Zou Heping(邹和平). A new approach of science and technology to develop the modern agriculture[J]. Scientific Chinese,1999,(6):16-17 ( in Chinese).
[20]Yin Wenying(尹文英), et al. The Soil Fauna in China [M]. Beijing: Science Press,2000(in Chinese).
[21]Huang Fuzhen(黄福珍).Earthworm[M]. Beijing: Agricultural Press,1982(in Chinese).
[22]Wang Jiangke(王将克), Zhong Yueming(钟月明). On agricultural biogeochemistry and its role in modern agricultural development [J]. Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Sunyatseni(中山大学学报,自然科学版),1998,37 (Suppl.2): 107-111(in Chinese).
[23]Feng Chenghao(冯承浩). Meet the new course of the agricultural revolution in the 21 century with the new line of agricultural science and technology[J].Studies of Trace Elements and Health,2003,(6):66-67(in Chinese).
[24]Bowen H J M.Environmental Chemistry of the Element[M]. Academic Press,1979.
[25]Schroden H A.The Trace Element and Man[M]. The Davin-111.Adair Company,1973.

No related articles found!