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地球科学进展  2013, Vol. 28 Issue (6): 718-727    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2013.06.0718
全球变化研究     
二氧化碳地质封存环境监测现状及建议
李琦1,刘桂臻1,张建2,贾莉3,刘海丽2
1.岩土力学与工程国家重点实验室 中国科学院武汉岩土力学研究所,湖北 武汉 430071;[JP2]2.胜利油田勘察设计研究院公司,山东 东营 257026;3.科技部中国21世纪议程管理中心,北京 100038
Status and Suggestion of Environmental Monitoring for CO2 Geological Storage
Li Qi1,Liu Guizhen1,Zhang Jian2,Jia Li3,Liu Haili2
1.State Key Laboratory of Geomechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Institute of Rock and Soil Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430071,China; 
2.Shengli Engineering & Consulting Co.,Ltd,Dongying 257026,China;
3.Administrative Center for China’s Agenda 21,Ministry of Science and Technology of the People’s of China, Beijing 100038,China
 全文: PDF(2364 KB)  
摘要:

CO2地质封存是应对全球气候变化的新举措,许多国家都开展了相关的工程项目或研究。环境监测作为验证场址在当前以及较长一段时间后的合理性和安全性的重要手段,是工程实施的重要工作。对国内外CO2地质封存环境监测的相关工作以及项目所采用的监测技术进行总结,并利用监测选择工具MST得出中石化胜利油田CO2-EOR项目适用的监测技术,在此基础上提出该项目背景监测的对象、技术和频率等框架,为项目监测工作的开展提供参考依据,最后简略提出环境监测工作的方法和大纲。

关键词: CO2地质封存环境监测监测技术胜利油田CO2-EOR    
Abstract:

The geological storage of carbon dioxide (CO2) is a promising technology for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. There are 8 operating largescale integrated CCS projects (LSIPs) and 74 LSIPs in different stages all over the world. CO2 injection may increase the formation pressure, and CO2 leakage from natural and manmade pathways may affect human health and ecosystems. In order to provide assurance that suitable sites can be selected and can be operated safely, sequestered CO2 will need to be monitored to verify that there is no leakage and to provide confidence in predictions about its future behavior over the long term. A review of the CO2 geological storage monitoring all over the world is presented, including the regulations, guidelines and the application of technologies in different projects. The objects and technologies of baseline monitoring and routine monitoring technologies of onshore and offshore CCS projects (SECARB, Otway, Lacq, Weyburn, Gorgon, Sleipner, In Salah, Snhvit, CO2SINK, RECOPOL) with different reservoir types (deep saline formation, oil field, depleted gas field and depleted coal bed) are investigated and analyzed in detail. Moreover, a monitoring selection tool (MST) is introduced and applied to the Shengli Oilfield CO2-EOR project. According to the analysis of monitoring database and evaluation results of MST, the potential baseline monitoring objectives and technologies of the Shengli Oilfield CCUS project are proposed. Finally, outline and methodology of the monitoring work are discussed briefly.

Key words: CO2 geological storage    Monitoring technology    Monitoring selection tool    Shengli Oilfield    CO2-EOR
收稿日期: 2013-01-16 出版日期: 2013-06-10
:  P642.5  
基金资助:

国家科技支撑计划项目“大规模燃煤电厂烟气CO2捕集纯化、驱油与封存工程示范与评价”(编号:2012BAC24B05);中国科学院百人计划项目“SO2/CO2联合地质封存”(编号:O931061C01)资助.

作者简介: 李琦(1972-),男,山东青州人,研究员,主要从事酸气回注、CO2地质封存与利用研究.E-mail:qli@whrsm.ac.cn
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引用本文:

李琦,刘桂臻,张建,贾莉,刘海丽. 二氧化碳地质封存环境监测现状及建议[J]. 地球科学进展, 2013, 28(6): 718-727.

Li Qi,Liu Guizhen,Zhang Jian, Jia Li,Liu Haili. Status and Suggestion of Environmental Monitoring for CO2 Geological Storage. Advances in Earth Science, 2013, 28(6): 718-727.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2013.06.0718        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2013/V28/I6/718

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