Please wait a minute...
img img
高级检索
地球科学进展  2012, Vol. 27 Issue (9): 987-992    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2012.09.0987
研究论文     
玉龙雪山白水1号冰川运动速度测量与研究
刘 力,井哲帆,杜建括
中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所冰冻圈科学国家重点实验室,甘肃 兰州 730000
A Study of Velocity of Baishui No.1 Glacier, Mt. Yulong
Liu Li,Jing Zhefan,Du Jiankuo
State Key Laboratory of Cryospheric Sciences,Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences , Lanzhou 730000,China
 全文: PDF(1215 KB)  
摘要:

采用玉龙雪山白水1号冰川2011年6~9月的高精度GPS实测数据,对白水1号冰川的运动速度进行了探索性研究,并与其他数条典型冰川作了对比分析。结果表明,与北半球典型大陆性冰川相比,玉龙雪山白水1号冰川运动速度明显偏快,介于2.34~4.74 m/月之间,是同规模大陆性冰川的月运动速度的6~10倍,有独特的海洋性冰川运动特征。与藏东南同一类型的帕隆94冰川相比,玉龙雪山白水1号冰川运动速度约为其一半,这说明海洋性冰川的运动速度与规模成正比。同时,白水1号冰川末端平均海拔为4 381 m,近10年几乎保持了相同的退缩速度,说明在当今气候变化背景下,白水1号冰川对气候变暖的响应程度相同。

关键词: 玉龙雪山运动速度白水1号冰川    
Abstract:

This paper is dedicated to gauging velocities using high resolution GPS during the period from June to September in 2011, making explorative research and comparatively analyzing with other typical glaciers in Baishui No.1 Glacier, which is a representative maritime glacier in Mt.Yulong. It is suggested in the result that special characteristics of velocity exist in Baishui No.1 Glacier, which revealed obviously as its style, monthly range from 2.34 m to 4.74 m, 6-10 times faster than other kinds in the same area. Comparatively, the velocity of Baishui No.1 Glacier is half of that in Palong Glacier No.94, which demonstrates that velocities are proportional to their scale. In addition, the terminus of Baishui No.1 Glacier evenly elevated 4381m above sea level, retreating of an identical rate over the past decade, which is the same indicator as the past 10 years’ under the background of climate change.

Key words: Mt.Yulong    Velocity    Baishui No.1 Glacier.
收稿日期: 2012-01-12 出版日期: 2012-09-10
:  P343.6+2  
基金资助:

国家重大科学研究计划项目“全球变化研究”(编号:2010CB951404);国家自然科学基金项目“冰川运动观测要素研究”(编号:41071043)资助.

通讯作者: 刘力(1987-),男,山东枣庄人,硕士研究生,主要从事冰川运动变化方面的研究.E-mail:lili8553@sina.com   
作者简介: 刘力(1987-),男,山东枣庄人,硕士研究生,主要从事冰川运动变化方面的研究.E-mail:lili8553@sina.com
服务  
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章  
刘 力
井哲帆
杜建括

引用本文:

刘 力,井哲帆,杜建括. 玉龙雪山白水1号冰川运动速度测量与研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2012, 27(9): 987-992.

Liu Li,Jing Zhefan,Du Jiankuo. A Study of Velocity of Baishui No.1 Glacier, Mt. Yulong. Advances in Earth Science, 2012, 27(9): 987-992.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2012.09.0987        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2012/V27/I9/987

[1]Xie Zichu, Liu Chaohai. Introduction of Glaciology[M].Shanghai: Shanghai

Scientific and Technical Publishers, 2010:234.[谢自楚,刘潮海.冰川学导论[M]. 上海:上海科学技术出版社,2010: 234.]

[2]Paterson W S B. The physics of glaciers [M]. Beijing: Science  Press, 1987: 37-40.[佩特森.冰川物理学[M].北京:科学出版社,1987:37-40.]

[3]Jing Zhefan, Zhou Zaiming, Liu Li. Progress of research on glacier velocities in China[J].Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology,2010,32(4):749-754.[井哲帆,周在明,刘力.中国冰川运动速度研究进展[J].冰川冻土,2010,32(4):749-754.]

[4]Jing Zhefan, Ye Baisheng, Jiao Keqin, et al. Surface velocity on the Glacier No. 51 at Haxilegen of the Kuytun River, Tianshan Mountains [J]. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology,2002, 24(5):563-566.[井哲帆,叶柏生,焦克勤,等. 天山奎屯河哈希勒根51号冰川表面运动特征分析[J]. 冰川冻土, 2002 , 24(5):563-566.]

[5]Jing Zhefan, Yao Tandong, Wang Ninglian. The surface flow features of the Puruogangri Ice Field[J]. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology,2003, 25(3): 288-290.[井哲帆,姚檀栋,王宁练.普若岗日冰原表面运动特征观测研究进展[J].冰川冻土,2003,25(3):288-290.]

[6]IPCC. Climate Change 2001: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Summary for Policy makers. A Report of Working Group II of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change[R]. Geneva, Switzerland, 2001.

[7]He Yuanqing, Zhang Dian. Climatic warming is the major reason for glacier retreat on Mt.Yulong, China [J]. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology,2004, 26(2):230-231.[何元庆,章典.气候变暖是玉龙雪山冰川退缩的主要原因[J].冰川冻土,2004,26(2):230-231.]

[8]He Yuanqing, Zhang Zhonglin, Pang Hongxi, et al. Changing features of the climate and glaciers in China’s monsoonal temperate glaciers region [J]. Journal of Geophysical Research, 2002, 108(17):1-7.

[9]Huang Lei, Li Zhen. Mountain glacier flow velocities analyzed from satellite optical images[J].Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 2009, 31(5):935-940.[黄磊,李震.光学遥感影像的山地冰川运动速度分析方法[J].冰川冻土,2009,31(5):935-940.]

[10]Liu Yushuo, Qin Xiang, Du Wentao, et al. Analysis of movement features of the Laohugou Glacier No.12 in the Qilian Mountains[J].Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology,2010,32(3):475-479.[刘宇硕,秦翔,杜文涛,等. 祁连山老虎沟12号冰川运动特征分析[J].冰川冻土,2010, 32(3):475-479.]

[11]Zhou Zaiming, Li Zhongqin, Li Huilin, et al. The flow velocity features and dynamic simulation of the Glacier No.1 at the headwaters of Urumqi River, Tianshan Mountains [J]. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology,2009,31(1): 55-61.[周在明,李忠勤,李慧林,等.天山乌鲁木齐河源区1号冰川运动速度特征及其动力学模拟[J].冰川冻土,2009,31(1):55-61.]

[12]Cao Min, Li Zhongqin, Li Huilin. Features of the surface flow velocity on the Qingbingtan Glacier No.72, Tianshan Mountains [J].Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 2011, 33(1):21-29.[曹敏,李忠勤,李慧林.天山托木尔峰地区青冰滩72号冰川表面运动速度特征研究[J].冰川冻土,2011,33(1):21-29.]

[13]Jing Zhefan, Liu Li, Zhou Zaiming, et al. Analysis on the influencing factors of glacier flow velocity: A case study of Qiyi Glacier in Qilian Mountains[J]. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 2011, 33(6):1 222-1 228.[井哲帆,刘力,周在明,等.冰川运动速度影响因子的强度分析——以祁连山七一冰川为例[J].冰川冻土,2011,33(6):1 222-1 228.]

[14]He Yuanqing, Zhang Zhonglin, Yao Tandong, et al. Modern changes of the climate and glaciers in China’s monsoonal temperate-glacier region[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2003, 58(4): 550-558.[何元庆,张忠林,姚檀栋,等.中国季风温冰川区近代气候变化与冰川动态[J].地理学报,2003,58(4):550-558.]

[15]Huang Maohuan, Sun Zuozhe. Some flow characteristics of continental type glaciers in China [J]. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 1982, 4(2):35-44.[黄茂恒,孙作哲. 我国大陆性冰川运动的某些特征[J]. 冰川冻土,1982,4(2):35-44.]

[16]Jing Zhefan. Movement and Variation of Several Typical Glaciers in China under the Background of Climate Change[D].Lanzhou: Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2007.[井哲帆. 气候变化背景下中国若干典型冰川的运动及其变化[D].兰州:中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所, 2007.]

[17]Zhang Ningning, He Yuanqing, He Xianzhong, et al. The analysis of icefall at Mt. Yulong[J].Journal of Mountain Science, 2007,25(4):412-418.[张宁宁,何元庆,和献中,等.玉龙雪山冰川崩塌成因分析[J]. 山地学报, 2007,25(4):412-418.]

[18]He Yuanqing, Li Zongxing. Changes of the Hailuogou glacier, Mt. Gongga, China, against the background of global warming in the last several decades[J]Journal of China University of Geosciences, 2008, 19(3):110-121.

[19]Li Zongxing, He Yuanqing, Wang Shijin, et al. Changes of some monsoonal temperate glaciers in Hengduan mountains region during 1900-2007[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2009, 64(11): 1 319-1 330.[李宗省, 何元庆, 王世金,等. 1900—2007年横断山区部分海洋型冰川变化[J]. 地理学报, 2009, 64(11): 1 319-1 330.]

[20]Jing Xiaoping, Huang Maohuan, Chen Jianming, et al. Basal deformation of Urumqi Glacier No. 1, Tianshan Mts., China[J].Annals of Glaciology,1992,16:123-126.

[1] 辛惠娟, 何元庆, 张涛, 牛贺文, 杜建括. 青藏高原东南缘丽江玉龙雪山气候变化特征及其对冰川变化的影响[J]. 地球科学进展, 2013, 28(11): 1257-1268.