Please wait a minute...
img img
高级检索
地球科学进展  2012, Vol. 27 Issue (3): 257-261    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2012.03.0257
发展战略论坛     
水母暴发研究所面临的挑战
孙 松
中国科学院海洋研究所海洋生态与环境科学重点实验室 胶州湾海洋生态系统研究站,山东 青岛 266071
Challenges in the Jellyfish Bloom Research
Sun Song
Jiaozhou Bay Marine Ecosystem Research Station, Key Laboratory of Marine Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Institute of Oceanolgy, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China
 全文: PDF(871 KB)  
摘要:

在过去的10多年中,全球海洋中的水母数量都有所增加,在一些局部区域出现了水母种群暴发的现象,主要是在近海、特别是一些重要的渔场和高生产力区。水母暴发已经形成重要的生态灾害,对沿海工业、海洋渔业和滨海旅游业等造成严重危害。水母暴发的原因、生态危害、如何应对等是一个世界性难题,引起全球沿海国家的重视,也是国际海洋生态系统研究领域的焦点问题之一。由于水母特殊的生物学和生态学特性,水母暴发的研究面临众多的困难和挑战。水母的暴发与全球气候变化、海洋渔业活动、富营养化、海岸带工程等密切相关,水母暴发现象是海洋生态系统演变的一种具体体现,通过对水母暴发机理的研究,将会加深对在全球变化和人类活动共同作用下海洋生态系统演变机理和变化趋势的了解。

关键词: 水母暴发生态灾害生态系统演变    
Abstract:

In the last 10 years, jellyfish bloom occurred in the ocean globally, especially in the coastal waters. Jellyfish bloom is one of the main ecological disasters in the ocean; it affects the coastal industries, fishery and tourism. It is one of the worldwide issues to understand the causes, mechanism and consequences of the jellyfish bloom. The big challenges for the jellyfish bloom research include jellyfish bloom observation, absence of the long term data, complexity of the life cycle for many of the jellyfish. The jellyfish bloom is an indicator of the marine ecosystem change; it is one of the ecosystem responses to the global climate change and the human activities.

Key words: Jellyfish bloom    Ecological disaster    Ecosystem change
收稿日期: 2011-12-05 出版日期: 2012-03-10
:  P171  
基金资助:

国家重点基础研究发展计划项目“中国近海水母暴发的关键过程、机理及生态环境效应”(编号:2011CB403600)资助.

通讯作者: 孙松(1959-),男,山东莱阳人,研究员,主要从事生物海洋学和海洋生态学研究     E-mail: sunsong@qdio.ac.cn
作者简介: 孙松(1959-),男,山东莱阳人,研究员,主要从事生物海洋学和海洋生态学研究. E-mail:sunsong@qdio.ac.cn
服务  
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章  

引用本文:

孙 松. 水母暴发研究所面临的挑战[J]. 地球科学进展, 2012, 27(3): 257-261.

Sun Song. Challenges in the Jellyfish Bloom Research. Advances in Earth Science, 2012, 27(3): 257-261.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2012.03.0257        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2012/V27/I3/257

[1]Uye S. Jellyfish Blooms in East Asian Coastal Seas: Loss of Productive Ecosystem[R].International Symposium on Integrated Coastal Management for Marine Biodiversity in Asia, 2010:16-19.
[2]Purcell J E, Arai M N. Interactions of pelagic cnidarians and ctenophores with fish: A review[J]. Hydrobiologia, 2001, 451: 27-44.
[3]UNEP (United Nations Environmental Programme). Jellyfish blooms in the mediterranean[C]∥Proceedings of the ⅡWorkshop on Jellyfish   in the Mediterranean Sea. Athens, Greece, 1983.
[4]UNEP. Jellyfish blooms in the Mediterranean, Proceedings of the II Workshop on Jellyfish in the Mediterranean Sea[R]. MAP Technical Reports Series No. 47, 1991.
[5]GESAMP (IMO/FAO/UNESCO-IOC/WMO/WHO/IAEA/UN/UNEP Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection). Opportunistic Settlers and the Problem of the Ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi Invasion in the Black Sea[R]. London, 1997.
[6]Bouillon J, Medel M D, Pagès F, et al. Fauna of the Mediterranean Hydrozoa[J]. Scientia Marina,2004, 68: 5-449.
[7]Boero F, Bouillon J, Gravili C,et al. Gelatinous plankton: Irregularities rule the world (sometimes) [J]. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 2008, 356:299-310.
[8]Lynam C P, Gibbons M J, Axelsen B E, et al. Jellyfish overtake fish in a heavily fished ecosystem[J]. Current Biology, 2006, 16: R492-R493.
[9]Zaitsev Y P. Recent changes in the trophic structure of the Black Sea[J]. Fisheries Oceanography, 1992, 1:180-189.
[10]Arai M N. Pelagic coelenterates and eutrophication: A review[J]. Hydrobiologia, 2001, 451: 69-87.
[11]Pitt K A, Kingsford M J, Rissik D, et al. Jellyfish modify the response of planktonic assemblages to nutrient pulses[J]. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 2007, 351: 1-13.
[12]Attrill M J, Wright J, Edwards M. Climate-related increases in jellyfish frequency suggest a more gelatinous future for the North Sea[J]. Limnology and Oceanography, 2007, 52: 480-485.
[13]Richardson A J, Gibbons M J. Are jellyfish increasing in response to ocean acidification?[J].Limnology and Oceanography, 2008, 53: 2 040-2 045.
[14]Purcell J E. Climate effects on formation of jellyfish and ctenophore blooms: A review[J]. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 2005, 85: 461-476.
[15]Kideys A E. Fall and rise of the Black Sea ecosystem[J].Science, 2002, 297: 1 482-1 484.
[16]Graham W M, Bayha K M. Biological invasions by marine jellyfish[C]∥Nentwig W ed. Ecological Studies, Biological Invasions. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 2007,193(5):239-255. 
[17]Lo W T, Purcell J E, Hung J J, et al. Enhancement of jellyfish (Aurelia aurita) populations by extensive aquaculture rafts in a coastal lagoon in Taiwan[J]. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 2008, 65: 453-461.
[18]Richardson A J, Bakun A, Hays G C, et al. The jellyfish joyride: Causes, consequences and management responses to a more gelatinous future[J]. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 2009, 24(6): 312-322.

[1] 孙松, 孙晓霞. 海洋生物功能群变动与生态系统演变*[J]. 地球科学进展, 2014, 29(7): 854-858.
[2] 吴庆龙,谢平,杨柳燕,高光,刘正文,潘纲,朱本占. 湖泊蓝藻水华生态灾害形成机理及防治的基础研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2008, 23(11): 1115-1123.