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地球科学进展  2010, Vol. 25 Issue (9): 907-914    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2010.09.0907
综述与评述     
断层相的概念及应用
宋到福,何登发
中国地质大学海相储层演化与油气富集机理教育部重点实验室,北京 100083
Fault Facies and Their Application
Song Daofu, He Dengfa
The Key Laboratory of Marine Evolution and Hydrocarbon Accumulation Mechanism, The Ministry of Education, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China
 全文: PDF(48421 KB)  
摘要:

断层相是相分析方法在断层研究中的应用,它实现了对断层三维空间结构、断层结构单元及断层内部岩石物性特点的精确描述。从空间展布上来看,断层具有明显的带状结构,可以将其划分为破碎带和诱导裂缝带2部分。结构单元是断层空间的基本组成,也是断层相研究的基本对象。通过应用断层相分析手段对典型断层包络体内部变形特点进行精确描述,介绍了断层相在实际工作中的研究方法,并最终建立了硅质碎屑岩地层中拉张性断层相模式。分析表明,断层相分析方法对于研究断层的封闭性和稳定性具有非常重要的理论意义,在油气勘探开发及工程建设过程具有广泛的应用价值。

关键词: 断层相断层结构断层结构单元断层封闭性断层稳定性    
Abstract:

Fault facies are the natural extension of the facies concept into the realm of faulted rock bodies. This approach is succeeded in describing the architecture and petrophysical properties of fault and fault structural elements accurately. Faults exhibit an obviously fault  parallel zonation which mainly includes damage zones and induced fracture zones in space. Structural elements are the basic units which constitute the fault volumetric architecture and are the fundamental objects of fault facies study. Through depicting the deformation characteristics of typical fault envelope precisely using the fault analysis approach,  how the analysis methods of fault facies to be used actually is introduced and the facies model of extensional fault in siliciclastic rocks is also founded finally. It is shown that the analysis approach of fault facies has great significance in the study  of the closure property and the stability of fault facies. In addition, this approach has a broad application to the accumulation, exploration and development of oil and gas fields as well as engineering constructions.

Key words: Fault facies    Fault architecture    Fault structural elements    Fault sealing    Fault stability
收稿日期: 2010-04-01 出版日期: 2010-09-10
:  P315.2  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金重点项目“四川地块北缘晚古生代—中三叠世构造格局演变及其控油作用”(编号:40739906);国家重点基础研究发展计划项目“中国西部典型叠合盆地盆山作用与复杂构造圈闭形成演化”(编号:2006CB202301)资助.

通讯作者: 宋到福     E-mail: songdaofu2008@163.com
作者简介: 宋到福(1983-),男,山东济南人,博士研究生,主要从事盆地分析研究. E-mail:songdaofu2008@163.com
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引用本文:

宋到福,何登发. 断层相的概念及应用[J]. 地球科学进展, 2010, 25(9): 907-914.

Song Daofu, He Dengfa. Fault Facies and Their Application. Advances in Earth Science, 2010, 25(9): 907-914.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2010.09.0907        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2010/V25/I9/907

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