Please wait a minute...
img img
高级检索
地球科学进展  2004, Vol. 19 Issue (5): 808-816    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2004.05.0808
全球变化研究     
黄河三角洲海岸带陆海相互作用概念模式
黄海军;李凡
中国科学院海洋研究所,山东 青岛 266071
CONCEPTION MODEL OF LAND OCEAN INTERACTION IN THE COAST ZONE OF THE YELLOW RIVER DELTA
HUANG Hai-jun, LI Fan
Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences,Qingdao  266071,China
 全文: PDF(186 KB)  
摘要:

根据陆海相互作用的观点,黄河流域、黄河干流、河口三角洲及其邻近海区的生态环境相互联系,组成了一个有机的生态系统链,可称为黄河-渤海生态系统。黄河流域的降水量、土壤植被条件使黄河干流具有水少沙多、水沙异源和水资源缺乏的特征。干流入海水、沙通量变化影响了黄河三角洲地区的侵蚀、堆积和发育过程。黄河物质入海后在河口及邻近海域形成了具有高生产力的生态环境和著名的渔场。据此绘出了黄河-渤海生态环境内各环节相互联系的概念模式图,并提出了黄河流域大面积水土保持和南水北调工程逐步展开等新环境下,本区陆海相互作用的研究方向。

关键词: 黄河-渤海生态系统物质通量陆海相互作用黄河三角洲    
Abstract:

Based on the view of global change and land ocean interaction in the coast zone, the Huanghe River basin,the Huanghe River,its estuary and the Bohai Sea (main in the southern part) form of a large ecosystem, in which they have a close relation with each other. We call it the Huanghe river-Bohai Sea ecosystem. In this large ecosystem, atmospheric circulation and some astronomy factors cause changes on climate in the Huanghe River basin; climate and geomorphologic characteristics and human activities control the fluxes of water and sand and nutrients emptied to the sea. After entering into the sea, these matters are transported by the Bohai and Huanghai Sea’s circulation system and form fishing fields with high production in suitable areas. In addition, many marine dynamic factors changed coastal form and submarine relief, and even impacted the climate and geomorphologic characteristics in the Huanghe basin through atmospheric circulation. There are many factors in this large ecosystem, one of whose change will lead to the changes of others and even result in destroy of all ecosystems. Therefore,   the influence of all factors on marine ecological environment in the   harness and plan in the river basin, or in the river main course and in its estuary should be fully considered. Meanwhile,  the fluxes of water, sand and nutrients emptied to the sea in the protection of marine ecological environment and in their recovery processes should be controlled scientifically. In this large ecosystem, if the two parts of land and ocean contact closely and promote each other, the ecosystem will develop continuously along favorable circle. 

Key words: Huanghe River-Bohai Sea Ecosystem    Land and ocean interaction    Fluxes of water and sand.
收稿日期: 2003-06-16 出版日期: 2004-10-01
:  P737.1  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“典型淤泥质潮滩沉积动力环境的遥感探测”(编号:40176021);国家863计划海洋监测技术主题项目“黄河水沙变化的三角洲生态环境效应遥感分析”(编号:AA630301-5)资助.

通讯作者: 黄海军(1963-),男,湖南省韶山人,研究员,现从事海洋地质遥感与GIS应用研究.     E-mail: E-mail: hjhuang@ms.qdio.ac.cn
作者简介: 黄海军(1963-),男,湖南省韶山人,研究员,现从事海洋地质遥感与GIS应用研究.E-mail: hjhuang@ms.qdio.ac.cn
服务  
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章  
黄海军
李凡

引用本文:

黄海军;李凡. 黄河三角洲海岸带陆海相互作用概念模式[J]. 地球科学进展, 2004, 19(5): 808-816.

HUANG Hai-jun, LI Fan. CONCEPTION MODEL OF LAND OCEAN INTERACTION IN THE COAST ZONE OF THE YELLOW RIVER DELTA. Advances in Earth Science, 2004, 19(5): 808-816.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2004.05.0808        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2004/V19/I5/808

[1]Milliman J D,Meade R H. World-wide delivery of river sediment to the Oceans[J].The Journal of Geology, 1983, 91(1):1-21.
[2]ICSU. Land-Ocean Interactions in the Coast Zone: Science Plan[M].Stockholm,1993. 1-50.
[3]LOICZ Working Document-Version Ⅱ. http://www.nioz.nl/loicz/firstpages/LOICZFitiresV10.PDF,2003.9.
[4]Xi Jiazhi(席家治). Water Resources of the Yellow River[M].Zhengzhou: Water Conservancy Press, 1996 (in Chinese).
[5]Ye Qingchao(叶青超). Researches on Environmental Changes of the Yellow River Basin and Laws of Water and Sediment Transportation[M].Jinan: Shandong Science and Technology Press, 1994(in Chinese).
[6]Editorial Group of the Review of Water Conservancy History of the Yellow River(《黄河水利史述要》编写组). Review of Water Conservancy History of the Yellow River[M].Beijing: China Water Conservancy and Electric Power Press, 1984(in Chinese).
[7]Pang Jiazhen(庞家珍), Si Shuyun(司书云). The estuary changes of the Yellow River I:Modern evolution[J].Oceanologia et Limnologia (海洋与湖沼), 1979, 10(2):136-142(in Chinese).
[8]Guo Yongsheng(郭永盛), Xu Xuegong(许学工), Fan Zhaomu(范兆木),et al.Calculation studyon changes of the Yellow River estuary[J].Acta Oceanologica Sinica(海洋学报),1992,14(3):95-104(in Chinese).
[9]Qin Yunshan(秦蕴珊),Li Fan(李凡). Study of the influence of sediment loads discharged from the Yellow River on sedimentation in the Bohai and Huanghai Sea[J].Studia Marina Sinaca(海洋科学集刊),1986,27:125-135(in Chinese).
[10]Li Fan, Li Ping, Zhang Xiurong. Transport of suspended matter from the Changjiang River to the East China Sea Shelf[J].Chinese Journal of Oceanology  Limnology,1997, 15(3):260-270.
[11]Huang Ronghui(黄荣辉). Study on physical mechanism and remote interrelation of atmosphere cycle abnormal in East Asia cause of draught or excessive rains in summer China[J].Scientia Atmospherica Sinica(大气科学),1990,14(5):108-116(in Chinese).
[12]Ma Quanjie(马全杰), Ma Jianhua(马建华), Zhu Yuntong(朱云通), et al.Respond of natural runoff in the Yellow River to El Nio event in the upper reaches from the Lanzhou[J].Yellow River(人民黄河),2000, 22(5):16-20(in Chinese).
[13]Luo Gaoyuan(骆高远).A general review of the studies on El niño and La niño in China[J].Scientia Geographica Sinica(地理科学),1999, 20(3):264-269(in Chinese).
[14]Hong Yetang(洪业汤), Piao Hechun(朴河春), Jiang Hongbo(姜洪波).Erosion of the Loess Plateau with special reference to the records of silt discharged by the Huanghe (Yellow) River[J].Quaternary Sciences(第四纪研究),1990,(1):10-20(in Chinese).
[15]Qian Yiying(钱意颖), Ye Qingchao(叶青超), Zhou Wenhao(周文浩).Variation and Change of River Bed in the Huanghe River Main Course[M].Beijing:China Building Materials Industry Press,1993(in Chinese).
[16]Li Fan(李凡), Zhang Xiurong(张秀荣).Impact of variation of water and sediment fluxes on sustainable use of marine environment and resources in the Huanghe River estuary and the adjacent se[J]. Studia Marina Sinaca (海洋科学集刊), 2001,43:60-67(in Chinese).
[17]Tang Qisheng(唐启升), Meng Tianxiang(孟田湘).Atlas of the Ecological Environment and Living Resources in the Bohai Sea[M].Qingdao: Qingdao Press,1997(in Chinese).
[18]Zhu Xinhua(朱鑫华), Miao Feng(缪锋), Liu Dong(刘栋), et al.Spatial-temporary pattern and dominant component of fish community in the Yellow River estuary and its adjacent waters[J]. Studia Marina Sinaca(海洋科学集刊),2001, 43:141-151(in Chinese).
[19]Liu Yong(刘勇), Li Guangxue(李广雪), Deng Shenggui(邓声贵). Evolution of erosion and accumulation in the abandoned subaqueous delta lobe of the Yellow River[J].Marine Geology & Quaternary Geology(海洋地质与第四纪地质),2002, 22(3):27-34(in Chinese).
[20]Le Kentang(乐肯堂), Liu Xingquan(刘兴泉),Hao Yan(郝琰),et al.A simulation and prediction about tidal movement off the Huanghe River delta when the HR passes through the Qingshuigou stream outlet[J]. Studia Marina Sinaca(海洋科学集刊),2001,43:13-24(in Chinese).
[21]Ren Mei'e (任美锷).The trends of sea level rising in Huanghe, Changjiang and Zhujiang River deltas and a prediction of sea level rising in 2050[A].In: Impact of Sea Level Rising on Chinese Deltas and Counter-Measures[C]. Beijing: Science Press, 1994(in Chinese).

[1] 高抒. 亚洲地区的流域—海岸相互作用:APN近期研究动态[J]. 地球科学进展, 2006, 21(7): 680-686.
[2] 李明,施永辉. 欧洲陆一海相互作用研究(ELOISE)科学计划及研究领域[J]. 地球科学进展, 1996, 11(5): 475-480.
[3] 李凡. 海岸带陆海相互作用(LOICZ)研究及我们的策略[J]. 地球科学进展, 1996, 11(1): 19-23.