地球科学进展 ›› 2004, Vol. 19 ›› Issue (1): 100 -106. doi: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2004.01.0100

研究论文 上一篇    下一篇

王桂华 1,2,3;李荣凤 2   
  1. 国家海洋局第二海洋研究所海洋动力过程与卫星海洋学重点实验室,浙江 杭州 310012; 中国科学院大气物理研究所LASG国家重点实验室,北京 100029;中国海洋大
  • 收稿日期:2002-09-30 修回日期:2003-02-18 出版日期:2004-01-20
  • 通讯作者: 王桂华(1973-),男,福建长汀人,在职研究生,主要从事物理海洋学研究. E-mail:E-mail:guihua_wanggh@yahoo.com.cn
  • 基金资助:



WANG Guihua 1,2,3,LI Rongfeng 2   

  1. 1. Laboratory of Ocean Dynamic Processes and Satellite Oceanography, Second Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Hangzhou 310012,China;2. LASG, Institute of Atmospheric Physic, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100029,China;3. Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266003,China
  • Received:2002-09-30 Revised:2003-02-18 Online:2004-01-20 Published:2004-02-01

根据研究方法不同的动力学特征及其运用上的差异,利用已知的水文气象资料推测海洋流场的方法可以分成 3类:①描述性方法;②热成风关系式与示踪物守恒相结合的诊断方法;③Sarki syan诊断模式及复杂动力模式。结合南海环流的工作讨论了这些方法的进展情况及在南海环流研究中的作用,并对目前利用水文气象资料推测海洋流场的研究趋势进行了分析。

Some methods for deducing circulation from hydrographic data are reviewed. These methods could be classified into three types according to their different dynamics and their different applications as follows:①description methods, the major character is only to qualitatively describe the direction of ocean circulation.②diagnostic methods which combine thermal wind relation with tracer conservation, these methods could be used to quantitatively calculate the absolute ocean geostrophic currents. Some oceanographers began to consider the  ageostrophic current component by these methods, and ③Sarkisyan' s diagnostic methods and the other complicated models. Taking winds, topographic effects into account, these methods quantitatively calculate the absolute currents, which include geostrophic and ageostrophic components. In this paper, we will discuss their progress together with the South China Sea circulation. We will also analyze their developmental trends in the study of deducing ocean circulation from hydrographic data. For studying the SCS circulation, these methods which deduce the ocean circulation from the hydrographic data play a very important role in recognizing the SCS ocean circulation while the differences of the results from these methods in calculating SCS ocean circulation need to be studied further.


[1] Fang Guohong, Fang Wendong, Fang Yue, et al. A Survey of studies on the South China Sea upper ocean Circulation[J]. Acta Oceanographica Taiwanica, 1998,37(1): 1-16.
[2] Li Li. Some Preliminary Results from the SCSMEX Oceanographic Observation: The PreOnset State and the Response on Surface[A]. In:Ding Yihui, et al eds. Onset and Evolution of the South China Sea Monsoon and its Interaction with the Ocean[C]. Beijing: China Meterorological Press, 1999.280-284.
[3] Wang Guihua(王桂华), Xue Huijie(薛惠洁), Xu Jianping(许建平). Researches of modified inverse model about circulation in the northeast of the South China Sea[A].In:Chao Jiping, et al,eds. Oceanography in China 13[C].Beijing:China Ocean Press,2001.15-22(in Chinese). 
[4] Wang Guihua(王桂华), Xu Jianping(许建平). Application of isopycnal Pvector method to diagnostic study of the South China sea circulation[J].Acta Oceanologica Sinica(海洋学报),2002,24(1):124-128(in Chinese).
[5] Wust G. Schichtung and Zirkulation des Atlantischen Ozens[A].In: Die Stratosphare, ed. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Atlantischen Expedition aufdem Forschungsund Vermessungsschiff “Meteor”1925-1927[C].Berlin:Institue für Meereskunder,1935,6(1): 109-228(in German).
[6] SCSIO (South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Academia Sinica)(中国科学院南海海洋研究所).  Report of the 1979—1982 Multidisciplinary Research Program on the Northern South China Sea(Vol.II)[M].Beijing:China Science Press,1985(in Chinese).
[7] Li Li, Nowlin W D, Su Jilan. Anticyclonic rings from the Kuroshio in the South China Sea[J]. Deep Sea Research(Part I),1998, 45:1 469-1 482.
[8]Guan Bingxian(管秉贤).The warm current in the South China sea[J]. Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica(海洋与湖沼),1978,9(2):117-127(in Chinese).
[9] Qiu Dezhong(仇德忠), Yang Tianhong(杨天鸿),Guo Zhongxin(郭忠信). A westward current in summer at the northern South China sea[J]. Journal of Tropic Oceanography(热带海洋),1984,3(4): 65-72(in Chinese).
[10] Xu Xizhen(徐锡祯),Qiu Zhang(邱章),Chen Huichang(陈惠昌). The general descriptions of the horizontal circulation in the South China Sea[A]. In: Zeng Qingcun(曾庆存), et al  eds. Proceedings of the 1980 Symposium on Hydrometeorology, Chinese Society of Oceanology and Limnology[C]. Beijing: Science Press,1980.137-145(in Chinese).
[11]Zhou Faxiu(周发琇), Shen Jijun(沈积钧),Berestove A L. Seasonal characters of the south China sea largescale geostophic circulation[J]. Journal of Tropic Oceanography(热带海洋),1995,14(4):9-14(in Chinese). 
[12] Fang Wendong(方文东), Guo Zhongxin(郭忠信), Huang Yuting(黄羽庭). Observation and study on South China sea Southern circulation[J]. Chinese of Science Bulletin(科学通报),1997, 42(21):2 264-2 271(in Chinese).
[13] Stommel H ,Schott F. The Beta spiral and the determination of the absolute velocity field rom hydrographic station data[J]. Deep Sea Research
,1977,24:325-329. 
[14] Big G R.The Beta spiral method[J]. Deep Sea Research,1985, 32:465-484.
[15] Zhou Weidong(周伟东), Yuan Yaochu(袁耀初). Application on calculating Kuroshio current by the Beta spiral method:East to Taiwan[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica(海洋学报),1990,12(4):416-425(in Chinese).
[16] Huang Qizhou(黄企洲), Wang Wenzhi(王文质), Fu Sunchen(傅孙成). Calculation on middle and lower layers'circulation near Nansha Archipelago[J]. Journal of Tropic Oceanography(热带海洋),1994,13(2):33-39(in Chinese).
[17] Chu Peter C. Pvector method for determining absolute velocity from hydrographic data[J]. Marine Technology Society Journal,1995,29(2):3-14.
[18] Chu Peter C.An airborne expendable bathythermography survey of the south China Sea[J]. Journal of Geophysical Research,1998,103(10): 21 637-21 652.
[19] Chu Peter C, Li Rongfeng. South China sea isopycnal surface circulation[J]. Journal of Physical Oceanography,2000,30:2 419-2 438.
[20] Pedolosky J. Thermocline theories[A].In: Henry D I, et al eds.General Circulation of the Ocean[C]. NewYork: Springer Verlag Press,1986.55-101.
[21] Hogg N G. A leastsqures fit of the advectivediffusive equtions to Levitus Atlas data[J].  Journal of Marine Research,1987, 45:347-375.
[22] Zhang Huaimin, Hogg N G. Circulation & water mass balance in the Brazil Basin[J]. Journal of Marine Research,1992,50:385-420.
[23] Zhang Huaimin, Hogg N G. Deducing dynamic properties from simulated hydrographic data:Part I. Results from a noneeddyresolving model[J].Journal of Marine Research,1996,54:679-703.
[24] Worthington.On the North Atlantic Circulation[M].Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press,1976.
[25] Wunsch Carl. The north Atlantic general circulation west of 150°W determined by inverse methods[J]. Review of Geophysical Space Physics,1978,16: 538-560.
[26] Yuan Yaochu(袁耀初), Pan Ziqun(潘子群).Kuroshio transports and heat flux variation in the East China sea in summer,1989[A].In: Su Jilan(苏纪兰), ed. Research Papers of Kuroshio Observations IV[C].Beijing:Ocean Press,1992.279-297(in Chinese).
[27] Liu Yonggang(刘勇刚),Yuan Yaochu(袁耀初), Su Jilan(苏纪兰), et al. The Southern South China Sea Circulation in 1998[J]. Chinese Journal of Science Bulletin(科学通报),2000,45(12):1 252-1 259(in Chinese).
[28] Park Y H, Jean M G. A Simple method for diagnosing the bottom current field of the World's Ocean[J]. Journal of Physical Oceanogaphy,2001,31:972-991.
[29] Sarkisyan A S(萨尔基向). Numerical Analysis and Prediction on Ocean Currents[M]. Beijing: Science and Technology Press,1980(in Chinese).
[30] Yuan YaoChu,Su Jilan,Xia SongYun.A diagnostic model of summer circulation on the northwest shelf of the East China Sea[J]. Progress in Oceanography, 1986,17:163-176. 
[31] Sun Detong(孙德桐), YuanYaochu(袁耀初). A diagnostic calculation for 3 dimensional currents at East China Sea Kuroshio and Ryukyu Islands[A]. In: Su Jilan,ed.Oceanography in China 5[C].Beijing:China Ocean Press,1995(in Chinese).
[32] Sarkisyan A S, Demin Yu L. A semidiagnostic calculation for open sea circulation[A].In: Cheng Xiuhu(成秀虎) ed.WCRP MESOLarge Scale Circulation Experiments[C]. Beijing:Chinese Meteorology Press,1983(in Chinese).
[33] Shaw Ping Tung,Csanady G T. Shelfadvvection of density derturbation on a sloping continental shelf[J]. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 1983, 13(5):769-782.
[34] Wang Jia(王佳).A model for the South China Sea Circulation independent of time[J]. Acta Shandong Institute of Oceanography(山东海洋学院学报),1985,
15: 22-31 (in Chinese).
[35] Wang Huiqun,Yuan Yaochu.Three dimensional diagnostic,semidiagnostic and prognostic calculations of current in the East China Sea in April of 1994[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2001,20(1):15-28.
[36] Liu Z Y, Yang H J, Liu Q Y. Regional Dynamics of seasonal variability in the South China Sea[J]. Journal of Physical Oceanography,2001,31(1):272-284.
[37]Metzger E J, Hurburt H E. Coupled dynamics of the South China sea, the Sulu sea and the Pacific ocean[J]. Journal of Geophysical Research, 1996,101(c5): 12 331-12 352.
[38]Metzger E J, Hurburt H E. The nondeterministic nature of Kuroshio penetration and eddy shedding in the South China sea[J]. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 2001,31:1 712-1 732.
[39] Pohlmann T. A three dimensional circulation model of the South China sea[A].In:.Nihou J C J,et al eds.ThreeDimensional Models of Marine and Estuarine Dynamics[C]. New Year:Elsevier Press. 1987.
[40] Cai S Q, Su J L, Gan Z J,et al. The numerical study of the South China Sea upper circulation characteristics and its dynamic mechanism in winter[J]Continental Shelf Research, 2003(in press).

[1] 韦钦胜,于志刚,冉祥滨,臧家业. 黄海西部沿岸流系特征分析及其对物质输运的影响[J]. 地球科学进展, 2011, 26(2): 145-156.
[2] 王桂华;苏纪兰;齐义泉. 南海中尺度涡研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2005, 20(8): 882-886.
[3] 蔡树群;董丹鹏;王盛安;龙小敏;黄企洲. 南海中尺度波动现象研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2005, 20(2): 180-184.
[4] 蔡树群,甘子钧. 南海北部孤立子内波的研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2001, 16(2): 215-219.