Please wait a minute...
img img
地球科学进展  1999, Vol. 14 Issue (4): 353-357    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.1999.04.0353
中国科学院生态环境研究中心,北京 100085
GUO Xudong, LIU Guohua, CHEN Liding, FU Bojie
Research Center for Eco-Environmental of Sciences,CAS,Beijing 100085,China
 全文: PDF(293 KB)  


关键词: 景观生态学景观科学欧洲    

Changes and innovation must be brought about traditional landscape ecology with violent land use changes and the changes of social and economic institution in Europe. How to preserve the importance of landscape ecology in future and exert its role to solve practical problems is the urgent task for European landscape ecologists. This paper introduced some research hotspots and made a perspective of landscape ecology in future direction, research framework and main research fields in Europe. Landscape in future should develop into a landscape science which will follow three principles. First, landscape science must match scales in time and space with relevant processes in society, administration and management.Second, it should integrate landscape ecology with economics and sychology/sociology, disciplines involved with design, planning and management and disciplines of decision making. Third, it will keep interaction between decision makers, researchers and users of landscape. Main research field includes the research on water systems: water as a carrier, regulation functions, multiple landscape values and socio-economic research related to landscape. We hope our introduction will be a constructive reference to the development of landscape ecology in China.

Key words: Europe.    Landscape ecology    Landscape science
收稿日期: 1998-11-20 出版日期: 1999-08-01
:  Q948  


通讯作者: 郭旭东,男,1972年9月出生,博士生,主要从事景观生态和土地利用变化研究。    
作者简介: 郭旭东,男,1972年9月出生,博士生,主要从事景观生态和土地利用变化研究。
E-mail Alert


郭旭东,刘国华,陈利顶,傅伯杰. 欧洲景观生态学研究展望[J]. 地球科学进展, 1999, 14(4): 353-357.

GUO Xudong, LIU Guohua, CHEN Liding, FU Bojie. PERSPECTIVE OF LANDSCAPE ECOLOGY IN EUROPE. Advances in Earth Science, 1999, 14(4): 353-357.


〔1〕Naveh Z,Liberman. Landscape Ecology: Theory and Application(second edition)〔M〕. New York: Springer-Verlag. 1993.1~9.
〔2〕陈昌笃,崔海亭,于子成.景观生态学的由来和发展〔A〕.见:肖笃宁,主编.景观生态学理论、方法和原理〔C〕.北京:林业出版社,1991. 1~5.
〔3〕特罗尔.恭威平译.景观生态学与生物地理群落学术语研究〔J〕.地理译报, 1988,(2):20~24.
〔4〕The Dutch Association for Landscape Ecology WLO. A new identity for landscape ecology in Europe—A research strategy for the next decade: outlines formulated at the European congress Land: things to do proactive thoughts for the 21st century〔R〕. 1998.
〔5〕Almo Farina. Principles and Methods in Landscape Ecology〔M〕. London: Chapman &Hall. 1998. 1~7.
〔6〕Green B H, Simmons E A, Woltjer I. Landscape conservation, Some steps towards developing a new conservation dimension: A draft report of the IUCN-CESP Landscape Conservation Working Group〔R〕. 1996.
〔7〕傅伯杰.景观生态学对象和任务〔A〕.见:肖笃宁,主编.景观生态学理论、方法和原理〔C〕.北京.林业出版社,1991. 26~29.
〔8〕Saunders D A, Hobbs R J, Margules C R. Biological consequences of ecosystem fragmentation: a review conservation〔J〕. Biology, 1991,(5):18~32.
〔9〕Franklin J F. Preserving biodiversity: species, ecosystem or landscapes?〔J〕. Ecology Application, 1993, 3: 202~205.
〔10〕Gosz J R. Ecological functions in a biome transition zone:Translation local responses to broad-scale dynamics〔A〕.In: Hansen A J, Castri F di, eds. Landscape Boundaries:Consequences for Biotic Diversity and Ecological Flows〔C〕.New York: Springer-Verlag, 1992. 55~75.
〔11〕Hobbs R J. Effects of landscape fragmentation on ecosystem process in the Western Australian wheatbelt〔J〕. Biology Conservation, 1994, (1): 29~38.
〔12〕Wiens J A. What is landscape ecology, really?〔J〕. Landscape Ecology, 1992, 7: 149~150.
〔13〕Forman R T T. Some general principles of landscape and regional ecology〔J〕. Landscape Ecology, 1995, 10: 133~142.
〔14〕Richard Hobbs. Future landscapes and the future of landscape ecology〔J〕. Landscape and Urban Planning, 1997, 37: 1~9.
〔15〕Newbould P. Monitoring species performance of common dominant plant species〔A〕. In: Edwards P J, May R M,Webb N R, eds. Large-Scale Ecology and Conservation Biology〔C〕. Oxford: Blackwell, 1994. 237~291.
〔16〕Golley F B. Reaching a landmark〔J〕. Landscape Ecology,1995, 10(1): 3~4.
〔17〕William B M, Turner B L. Changes in land use and land cover: A global perspective〔M〕. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994. 259~383.
〔18〕李秀彬.全球环境变化研究的核心领域——土地利用/土地覆被变化的国际研究动向.地理学报, 1996,51(6): 553~558.

[1] 姚遥, 罗德海. 北大西洋涛动—欧洲阻塞及其对极端暴雪影响的研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2016, 31(6): 581-594.
[2] 金瞰昆,杜振川,李世峰. 欧洲有机质成矿作用研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2002, 17(5): 787-788.
[3] 程国栋,肖笃宁,王根绪. 论干旱区景观生态特征与景观生态建设[J]. 地球科学进展, 1999, 14(1): 11-15.
[4] 王辉. 当前欧美海洋科学研究动态评析[J]. 地球科学进展, 1998, 13(3): 261-264.
[5] 李明,施永辉. 欧洲陆一海相互作用研究(ELOISE)科学计划及研究领域[J]. 地球科学进展, 1996, 11(5): 475-480.
[6] 肖笃宁. 从1995年国际景观生态学大会看当前国内外景观生态学发展的现状[J]. 地球科学进展, 1996, 11(4): 383-387.
[7] 张志强,孙成权. 欧洲全球变化研究网络(ENRICH)及其实施计划[J]. 地球科学进展, 1996, 11(1): 65-73.
[8] 肖笃宁. 从自然地理学到景观生态学[J]. 地球科学进展, 1992, 7(6): 18-.
[9] 傅伯杰,王仰林. 国际景观生态研究的发展动态与趋势[J]. 地球科学进展, 1991, 6(3): 56-61.