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地球科学进展  2010, Vol. 25 Issue (4): 391-399    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2010.04.0391
研究论文     
华南沿海第四纪类网纹红土的赋存层位及其年代问题
朱照宇1,2,吴翼1,3,邱世藩1,3,杨超1,3,黄宁生4,杨恬1,5,曾敬1,3,张金兰1,3
1. 中国科学院广州地球化学研究所边缘海地质重点实验室,广东  广州  510640;
2. 中国科学院地球环境研究所黄土与第四纪地质国家重点实验室,陕西  西安  710075;
3. 中国科学院研究生院,北京  100039;4.广东省科学院,广东  广州  510070;
5. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院,广东  广州  510275
The Problems of Stratigraphy and Chronology of Like-Vermicular red earth Formed in the Quaternary along the Coast of South China
Zhu Zhaoyu1,2,Wu Yi1,3,Qiu Shifan1,3,Yang Chao1,3,Huang Ningsheng4,Yang Tian1,5,Zeng Jing1,3,Zhang Jinlan1,3
1.Key Laboratory of Marginal Sea Geology, Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510640, China;  2.State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi′an 710075, China;  3.Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039,China;  4.Guangdong Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510070, China;  5.School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275,China
 全文: PDF(36979 KB)  
摘要:

 根据地质学、地貌学、沉积学、地球化学和年代学的研究,将华南沿海(南岭以南)不同时代的杂色粘土(暂称“类网纹红土”)划分为基岩风化壳型和松散沉积风化壳型两种类型|将第四纪松散沉积系列中的杂色粘土划分为第四纪早期(年代为1.8~1.6 Ma BP)、中期(年代为1.0~0.8 Ma BP)和晚期(年代为0.07~0.01 Ma BP)3个发育期|主要讨论了发育好、厚度大、分布广的第四纪中期杂色粘土与长江流域和西南丘陵区典型网纹红土之间在赋存层位、剖面结构和发育年代等方面的差别和存在问题,提出了需进一步研究杂色粘土—网纹红土的年代和发育规律及其反映的中国南方地质—气候环境演化规律等重要科学问题。
 

关键词: 层位时代类网纹红土杂色粘土华南沿海    
Abstract:

Analyses of geology, geomorphology, sedimentolo,geochemistry and geochronology allow us to classify the variegated clays (as one of the vermicular red earth, we may call it the “like vermicular red earth,”) which had formed in different period along the coast of South China (areas to south of the Nanling Mountains) into two types: the weathering crust of bedrock and the weathering crust of unconsolidated sediments, and identify the variegated clays in the Quaternary unconsolidated sediment sequence with 3 pedogenesis stages: the early stage, which ranges approximately from 1.8 to 1.6 Ma BP, the middle stage, approximately from 1.0 to 0.8 Ma BP, and the late stage, approximately from 0.07 to 0.01 Ma BP. Our present paper primarily focuses on the problems and differences of horizons, profile texture and geochronology between the best developed, thickest and most widely distributed variegated clays with the age of 1.0 to 0.8 Ma BP in the coastal South China and the typical reticulate red clays in the Yangtse River valley and the southwestern hill areas of China. Moreover, we suggest that some important scientific problems, such as the pedogenises laws of variegated clays and reticulate red clays, the development-evolution intensity and laws of the weathering, and their signification to indicate the geological and climatic evolution in southern parts of China, will be awaited to research further.

Key words: Stratigraphy    Chronology    Like-Vermicular red earth    Variegated clay    Coast of South China
收稿日期: 2009-08-08 出版日期: 2010-04-10
:  P534.63  
基金资助:

  国家自然科学基金项目“广东第四纪杂色粘土形成过程及其对重大地质—气候事件的响应”(编号:40872111)和“华南沿海表生风化作用年代学及其气候—构造意义”(编号:40672121);国家重点基础研究发展计划项目“东亚季风变迁与长江古水文变化”(编号:2004CB720204)联合资助.  

通讯作者: 朱照宇     E-mail: zhuzy@gig.ac.cn,zhuzhaoyu@tom.com 
作者简介: 朱照宇(1950-),男,湖北武汉人,博士,研究员,主要从事全球变化与区域环境方面的研究. E-mail:zhuzy@gig.ac.cn
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引用本文:

朱照宇,吴翼,邱世藩,杨超,黄宁生,杨恬,曾敬,张金兰. 华南沿海第四纪类网纹红土的赋存层位及其年代问题[J]. 地球科学进展, 2010, 25(4): 391-399.

Zhu Zhaoyu,Wu Yi,Qiu Shifan,Yang Chao,Huang Ningsheng,Yang Tian,Zeng Jing. The Problems of Stratigraphy and Chronology of Like-Vermicular red earth Formed in the Quaternary along the Coast of South China. Advances in Earth Science, 2010, 25(4): 391-399.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2010.04.0391        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2010/V25/I4/391

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