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地球科学进展  2013, Vol. 28 Issue (9): 997-1006    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2013.09.0997
综述与评述     
中源地震脱水脆变机制的岩石学研究进展
夏阳,张立飞*
造山带与地壳演化教育部重点实验室,北京大学地球与空间科学学院,北京 100871
The Advance of Petrologic Mechanism of Dehydration Embrittlement in Intermediate-depth Earthquakes
Xia Yang, Zhang Lifei
Key Laboratory of Orogenic Belts and Crustal Evolution, MOE, School of Earth and Space Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
 全文: PDF(3041 KB)   HTML
摘要:

中源地震的成因机制问题一直是固体地球科学研究的热点问题,其中被广泛接受的是脱水脆变机制。中源地震带在俯冲板块中多呈双层带状分布,分别对应着含水变玄武岩层与岩石圈地幔蛇纹岩层的脱水过程。在过去的研究中,对中源地震脱水脆变机制的主要验证研究方法包括:①理论研究与活动俯冲带地震数据解释;②高温高压实验室模拟研究。而最近10年,陆续在阿尔卑斯等古俯冲带中发现了出露于地表的榴辉岩相假玄武玻璃或脆性破裂岩,被认为是古中源地震的直接野外岩石学证据,从而成为研究中源地震的一种新的途径。重点介绍了中源地震脱水脆变机制的岩石学研究进展。

关键词: 中源地震脱水脆变机制古俯冲带野外地震证据    
Abstract:

The mechanisms of intermediatedepth earthquakes were always attracting extensive researches of interest. Among various hypotheses about the mechanisms, the close relationship between the dehydration embrittlement and earthquakes is generally accepted. The intermediate-depth earthquakes in subducting slabs occur mainly in two distinct layers, corresponding with the dehydration respectively in the hydrous meta-basalts and the serpentinite layers. In the past decades, theory researches, interpretations of seismic data and laboratory experiments have been widely adopted as the major approaches to attest the hypothesis of dehydration embrittlement. However, in the latest ten years, pseudotachylytes and some brittle structures have been discovered in paleo-subduction zones like Alps, shedding a light for a new way to study intermediate-depth earthquakes.

Key words: Intermediate-depth Earthquakes    Dehydration Embrittlement    Paleo-subduction Zones    Field Evidence
收稿日期: 2013-05-09 出版日期: 2013-09-10
:  P315.3+3  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金创新群体项目“变质作用与造山带演化”(编号:41121062)资助

通讯作者: 张立飞(1963-),男,吉林梨树人,教授,主要从事变质地质学研究.E-mail:Lfzhang@pku.edu.cn     E-mail: 张立飞 Lfzhang@pku.edu.cn
作者简介: 夏阳(1987-),男,安徽巢湖人,硕士研究生,主要从事变质地质学研究.E-mail:xiayang@pku.edu.cn
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引用本文:

夏阳,张立飞. 中源地震脱水脆变机制的岩石学研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2013, 28(9): 997-1006.

Xia Yang, Zhang Lifei. The Advance of Petrologic Mechanism of Dehydration Embrittlement in Intermediate-depth Earthquakes. Advances in Earth Science, 2013, 28(9): 997-1006.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2013.09.0997        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2013/V28/I9/997

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