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地球科学进展  2009, Vol. 24 Issue (6): 629-635    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2009.06.0629
研究论文     
厦门—泉州近岸海域海表温、盐度密集走航观测
陈小红1,胡建宇1,2*,邳青岭1,刘广平1,陈照章2
1.厦门大学海洋学系, 福建  厦门  361005; 2.厦门大学近海海洋环境科学国家重点实验室, 福建  厦门  361005
Densely Underway Measurement of Surface Temperature and Salinity in Xiamen-Quanzhou Near-shore Area
Chen Xiaohong1,Hu Jianyu1,2*,Pi Qingling1,Liu Guangping1,Chen Zhaozhang2
1.Department of Oceanography, Xiamen University, Xiamen  361005, China;
2.State Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Science, Xiamen University, Xiamen  361005, China
 全文: PDF(2433 KB)  
摘要:

根据2007年7月23~28日厦门—泉州近岸海域表层温、盐度31个密集断面走航观测结果,结合同期卫星遥感海表温度(SST)数据和潮汐资料,分析该海域表层温、盐度的分布,并采用非等间隔数据的谱分析方法研究温、盐度的变化特征。结果表明:①九龙江冲淡水的影响可延伸到围头、深沪近岸海域,表现为明显的表层盐度锋存在;但晋江冲淡水对调查海域的影响较弱。②在该调查海域,潮汐对表层温、盐度的分布和变化有一定的影响,靠近厦门湾口一端的围头、深沪附近海域尤为突出。谱分析结果显示,该段的盐度变化与潮汐涨落在周期上比较一致。③调查期间,表层温度变化呈逐渐升高的趋势,而且具有明显的周日变化特征。④围头近岸表层存在一个低温高盐水区域,且位置随潮汐有所变动。

关键词: 表层温、盐度密集走航观测厦门—泉州近岸海域非等间隔谱分析    
Abstract:

The distributions of surface temperature and salinity have been analyzed according to the sea surface temperature and salinity underway measurements along 31 transects in Xiamen-Quanzhou near-shore area in late July of 2007, combined with the remote sensing sea surface temperature data and tide data. The variational characteristics of temperature and salinity were analyzed through spectral analysis of unevenly sample data. The results show that: ①The influence area of the diluted water from the Jiulongjiang river can extend to nearshore area of Weitou and Shenhu. There exist strong temperature and salinity fronts. But the influence of the diluted water from the Jinjiang river is weak. ②In the research area, tide has some effects on the distribution and variation of sea surface temperature and salinity, especially near Xiamen bay and in near-shore area of Weitou and Shenhu. The spectral analysis result also shows that the variation of salinity coincides with that of tide. ③During the investigational period, sea surface temperature had an increasing trend accompanied with diurnal variation. ④There exists a low temperature and high salinity water near Weitou, and its location changes with tide.

Key words: Surface temperature and salinity    Densely underway measurement    Xiamen-Quanzhou near-shore area    Spectral analysis of uneven data
收稿日期: 2008-11-21 出版日期: 2009-06-10
:  P731.1  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“台湾海峡西部海区夏季多锋结构时空变异性的研究”(编号: 40576015)和“九龙江流域—河口—近海系统耦合变动及环境生态效应”(编号: 40810069004); 国家重点基础研究发展计划项目“中国近海碳收支、调控机理及生态效应研究”(编号: 2009CB421208)资助.

通讯作者: 胡建宇(1962-),男,福建人,教授,主要从事区域环境海洋学研究.     E-mail: hujy@xmu.edu.cn
作者简介: 陈小红 (1985-), 女, 江西瑞昌人, 硕士研究生, 主要从事河口近岸物理海洋学研究.E-mail:cxhsunny@gmail.com
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引用本文:

陈小红,胡建宇,邳青岭,刘广平,陈照章. 厦门—泉州近岸海域海表温、盐度密集走航观测[J]. 地球科学进展, 2009, 24(6): 629-635.

Chen Xiaohong,Hu Jianyu,Pi Qingling,Liu Guangping,Chen Zhaozhang. Densely Underway Measurement of Surface Temperature and Salinity in Xiamen-Quanzhou Near-shore Area. Advances in Earth Science, 2009, 24(6): 629-635.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2009.06.0629        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2009/V24/I6/629

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