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地球科学进展  2008, Vol. 23 Issue (4): 371-381    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2008.04.0371
综述与评述     
大气数值模式中城市效应参数化方案研究进展
王咏薇1,蒋维楣1,2,刘红年1
1. 南京大学大气科学系, 江苏 南京 210093; 2.中国科学院大气物理研究所大气边界层物理和大气化学国家重点实验室, 北京 100029
Advanced in Research of Urban Effect Parameterization Scheme on Models of Atmosphere
Wang Yongwei1,Jiang Weimei1,2,Liu Hongnian1
1.Department of Atmospheric Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093,China;2.State Key Laboratory of Atmospheric Boundary Layer Physics and Atmospheric Chemistry Institute of Atmospheric Physics Chinese Academy of Science,Beijing 100029,China
 全文: PDF(1614 KB)  
摘要:

介绍了对城市效应影响大气运动的物理过程,以及在不同尺度大气模式中如何合理考虑这些物理过程,对进一步发展完善城市效应参数化方案中亟待解决的问题及困难作了论述,并着重强调了不同城市冠层参数化方案的优缺点。结论认为,随着城市的扩张,城市效应对大气运动的影响是数值模拟研究中一个不可或缺的物理过程,城市冠层模式的引入可以有效地提高数值模拟效果。对于不同尺度的数值模拟研究工作,应该采取不同的城市效应影响方案。目前,由于冠层模式中涉及的物理过程十分复杂,冠层模式还有待进一步完善,此外冠层方案的验证工作,尤其是应用城市地表能量平衡观测资料进行的验证工作还应该进一步深入开展。

关键词: 城市效应冠层参数化方案地表能量平衡大气数值模式    
Abstract:

Recent developments in the physical mechanism of urban effect on atmospheric movement, how to consider these process in the models of different scale, and the difficulty to further develop the parameterization scheme of urban effect have been presented and classified, and the advantages and weaknesses of each approach have been highlighted. However, there is need to validate further the different urban models available. In particular it is necessary to compare model output with urban surface energy balance measurements. An inter-comparison exercise involving these urban schemes is suggested as an efficient way to assess and improve these models.

Key words: Urban effect    Canopy parameterization scheme    Surface energy balance    Atmospheric model.  
收稿日期: 2007-11-20 出版日期: 2008-04-10
:  P414  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“城市冠层对物质湍流扩散影响的模拟研究”(编号:40775014);国家重点实验室开放课题项目“城市区域气象与空气质量模拟中边界层参数的引入研究”(编号:LAPC-KF-2006-02)资助.

通讯作者: 王咏薇     E-mail: wyw@nuist.edu.cn
作者简介: 王咏薇(1977-),女,新疆喀什人,博士,主要从事大气边界层物理与大气环境, 城市边界层数值模拟研究.E-mail:wyw@nuist.edu.cn
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引用本文:

王咏薇,蒋维楣,刘红年. 大气数值模式中城市效应参数化方案研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2008, 23(4): 371-381.

Wang Yongwei,Jiang Weimei,Liu Hongnian. Advanced in Research of Urban Effect Parameterization Scheme on Models of Atmosphere. Advances in Earth Science, 2008, 23(4): 371-381.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2008.04.0371        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2008/V23/I4/371

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