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地球科学进展  2010, Vol. 25 Issue (10): 1031-1039    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2010.10.1031
综述与评述     
聚球藻病毒研究进展
蔡海元,焦念志*
厦门大学近海海洋环境科学国家重点实验室,福建厦门 361005
Recent Progress in Cyanophage
Cai Haiyuan, Jiao Nianzhi
State Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Science, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China
 全文: PDF(1341 KB)  
摘要:

聚球藻是海洋浮游植物群落的优势组分, 是全球碳循环的主要参与者和初级生产力的主要贡献者。聚球藻病毒对聚球藻有较高的致死率,聚球藻病毒对聚球藻的裂解对碳的生物地球化学循环有十分重要的作用。对聚球藻病毒的宿主、分类和生活方式作了简介,综述了聚球藻病毒研究方法、生态分布特征、遗传多样性与宿主的关系及其进展,评述了不同基因标记物在聚球藻病毒分子生态学应用上的优缺点,最后提出了聚球藻病毒的研究展望。旨在为海洋病毒生态学,海洋碳循环的研究提供参考。

关键词: 聚球藻病毒遗传多样性g20基因DNA聚合酶基因    
Abstract:

Cyanobacteria of the genus Synechococcus dominates the prokaryotic component of the picophytoplankton in the oceans, contributing to a significant portion of total marine primary production. Cyanophage accounts for a significant Synechococcus mortality, and cyanophage lysis thus plays an important role in global carbon biogeochemical cycling. On the basis of  the  summarization of characterization of cyanophages including the hosts, phage families and lifestyles, this review described and discussed the methods, cyanophages distribution, genetic diversity and interaction with hosts. The  comparison of different gene markers which was widely used in cyanophage ecology was also presented. Finally we gave general outlook for the study of cyanophages, aiming to offer some references for the study of ecology of cyanophages and marine carbon cycling in the future.

Key words: Cyanophage    Genetic diversity    g20 gene    DNA polymerase gene
收稿日期: 2009-09-11 出版日期: 2010-10-10
:  P714+.5  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“原核光合生物多样性及生命过程与海洋环境的研究”(编号: 40632013)和“海洋生物地球化学过程与机制”(编号:40821063);国家重点基础研究发展计划项目“微型生物在碳储库及气候变化中的作用”(编号:2007CB815904);国家海洋局项目“海洋生物地球化学过程与机制”(编号: 200805068)资助.

通讯作者: 焦念志(1962-), 男,山东潍坊人,教授,主要从事海洋微型生物研究.      E-mail: jiao@xmu.edu.cn
作者简介: 蔡海元(1977-), 男,湖北襄樊人,助理研究员,主要从事水环境微生物生态学研究. E-mail:hycai@niglas.ac.cn
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引用本文:

蔡海元,焦念志. 聚球藻病毒研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2010, 25(10): 1031-1039.

Cai Haiyuan, Jiao Nianzhi. Recent Progress in Cyanophage. Advances in Earth Science, 2010, 25(10): 1031-1039.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2010.10.1031        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2010/V25/I10/1031

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