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地球科学进展  2008, Vol. 23 Issue (5): 482-487    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2008.05.0482
地质工程     
高地应力条件下围岩质量分类方法研究
赵其华1, 陈近中2,彭社琴1
1.成都理工大学地质灾害防治与地质环境保护国家重点实验室,四川 成都 610059;2.四川省地质工程勘察院,四川 成都 610072
Study on Surrounding Rock Quality Classification Motheds in High Primary Stress Condition
Zhao Qihua1,Chen Jinzhong2,Peng Sheqin1
1.State Key Laboratory of Geohazard Prevention and Geoenvironment Protection, Chengdu University of Technology , Chengdu 610059,China; 2.Sichuan Institute of Geological Engineer Explore, Chengdu 610072,China
 全文: PDF(1153 KB)  
摘要:

围岩质量分类是隧道及地下工程领域重要的技术工作之一。限于经验,目前常用的围岩质量分类方法主要适用于中低应力、低应力环境,而在高地应力地区的适宜性较差。文章结合某水电工程实例,先后采用BQ分类、HC分类、RMR分类以及Q系统分类方法,分别就4种方法分类结果的相关性、吻合率和一致性等方面开展了系列对比研究和初步的成因分析。发现无论是上述4种方法各自的分类依据和指标,还是各指标权重的大小均有较大差异。故针对高地应力环境,以及研究区高地应力条件下的岩爆问题,分别对现行Q系统分类、HC分类和RMR分类方法逐一进行了修正。如Q系统重点修正了地应力折减系数、节理粗糙度系数Jr和节理风化蚀变系数Ja;HC分类提出了考虑高地应力和岩爆烈度的地应力折减系数,而取消了强度应力比S;RMR方法主要修正了R6,并增加了地应力折减系数K等。修正后的Q、HC、RMR方法所得结果更接近实际情况。最后,基于概率统计方法,建立了采用多种方法的围岩综合分类方案。

关键词: 高地应力围岩质量分类岩爆    
Abstract:

Surrounding rock quality classification is one of the professional key works in tunneling and underground engineering. So far, the popular methods of surrounding rock quality classification might suitable for the mid-lower or lower primary stress, but nearly useless in high primary stress condition, because of cases shortage. Based on an hydraulic power engineering in high primary stress case, this paper use classification methods BQ, HC, RMR and Q system in turn to determine the quality grade of surrounding rock. The coherence and difference of above four classification result was deeply studied by contrasting and reason analyzing. And an important fact was found that classification rule and its index or weight for every index all had notable difference in above four classification methods. So, the classification methods Q system, HC, RMR at present had been modified one by one according to high primary stress environment and rock-burst. For Q system, primary stress reduction factor, joint roughness coefficient Jr and joint weathering and erode coefficient Ja had been mainly modified. For HC classification method, considering the influence of high primary stress and rock-burst, propose primary stress reduction factor K, cancel the index of ratio of strength and stress S. For RMR classification method,the index of R6 was mainly modified, at the same time, primary stress reduction coefficient was added. The classification result was much more accordant to the matter of fact after being modified. In the end, based on probability and statistical theory, general classification scheme was put forward. 

Key words: High primary stress    Surrounding rock quality classification    Rock-burst.
收稿日期: 2008-04-12 出版日期: 2008-05-10
:  TU457  
基金资助:

四川省杰出青年学科带头人培养基金项目“开发边坡卸荷机理”(编号:04-zq026-016)资助.

通讯作者: 赵其华     E-mail: zhqh@cdut.edu.cn
作者简介: 赵其华(1965-),男,江苏泰兴人,教授,博士生导师,主要从事边坡工程、地质灾害评价与治理工程设计等领域的科研、教学工作.E-mail:zhqh@cdut.edu.cn
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引用本文:

赵其华,陈近中,彭社琴. 高地应力条件下围岩质量分类方法研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2008, 23(5): 482-487.

Zhao Qihua,Chen Jinzhong,Peng Sheqin. Study on Surrounding Rock Quality Classification Motheds in High Primary Stress Condition. Advances in Earth Science, 2008, 23(5): 482-487.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2008.05.0482        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2008/V23/I5/482

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[1] 赵青,赵其华,彭社琴,陈近中,黄河清. 某水电站坝区高地应力释放现象及成因研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2009, 24(6): 636-642.