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地球科学进展  2001, Vol. 16 Issue (3): 346-351    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2001.03.0346
学术论文     
40~30 ka BP期间高湖面稳定存在时青藏高原西南部封闭流域的古降水量研究
贾玉连,施雅风,曹建廷,范云崎
中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所,江苏 南京  210008
THE PRECIPITATION OF THE INTERIOR LAKES IN THE SOUTHWESTERN TIBETAN PLATEAU AT 40~30 ka BP
JIA Yu-lian,SHI Ya-feng, CAO Jian-ting, FAN Yun-qi
Nanjng Institute of Geography and Limnology,CAS,Nanjing210008,China
 全文: PDF 
摘要:

依据封闭流域全流域水量平衡模式,模拟了青藏高原西南部3个封闭流域在40~30 ka BP期间,高湖面稳定存在时期的古水量平衡,重建了各流域的古降水量。结果表明色林错-纳木错流域、扎布耶-拉果错流域、扎仓茶卡-别苦则错流域当时的降水量分别约为585±25 mm、565±25mm、475±25 mm,相当于现在降水量的1.7、3.1、4.8倍。

关键词: 高湖面稳定存在时期40~30 ka BP多次逼近法流域古降水量湖泊补给系数    
Abstract:

Geomorphic evidence from several closed lake basins in Tibetan Plateau indicates that the plateau experienced high lake levels during some episode of the period of 40~30 ka BP, and lakes covered an area of about several or tens times as large as at present. Using the equation of hydrologic and energy balance and the multiapproach method to estimate climate parameters such as albedo, cloudiness and vapor press, to calculate the evaporation, simulating the combined hydrologic and energy balance of Zhacang Caka, Seling Namu Cuo, Zhabuye Caka paleolakes with the water balance model of the whole closed basin, respectively, yield the estimates of 475±25 mm/a, 585±25 mm/a, 565±25 mm/a of annual precipitation during 40~30 ka BP at high lake levels period, the estimates of annual evaporation from lake surfaces 1 126 mm/a, 1 044 mm/a and 1 071 mm/a, and from land basins 384 mm/a, 423 mm/a, 422 mm/a, respectively. The amount of increased precipitation at that time must have been about 300 mm/a(71 to 380%) above the modern average. The pattern of precipitation, like the present, is larger in the east part than in the west part of the Tibetan Plateau, which shows the precipitation was triggered by Indian monsoon like the present, but Indian monsoon was far stronger than today. 

Key words: Tibetan Plateau    Paleolake shore lines    Large precipitation    Multiapproach method    Supply coefficient of interior lakes.
收稿日期: 2000-06-30 出版日期: 2001-06-01
:  P90  
基金资助:

国家重点基础研究发展规划项目“青藏高原形成演化及其环境、资源效应”(编号:G1998040800);国家自然科学基金项目“20ka以来同位素气候模型的创建与应用”(编号:49803001)联合资助.

通讯作者: 贾玉连(1971-),男,山西太原人,在读博士生,主要从事自然地理研究.     E-mail: yljia@niglas.ac.cn
作者简介: 贾玉连(1971-),男,山西太原人,在读博士生,主要从事自然地理研究. E-mail:yljia@niglas.ac.cn
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引用本文:

贾玉连,施雅风,曹建廷,范云崎. 40~30 ka BP期间高湖面稳定存在时青藏高原西南部封闭流域的古降水量研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2001, 16(3): 346-351.

JIA Yu-lian,SHI Ya-feng, CAO Jian-ting, FAN Yun-qi. THE PRECIPITATION OF THE INTERIOR LAKES IN THE SOUTHWESTERN TIBETAN PLATEAU AT 40~30 ka BP. Advances in Earth Science, 2001, 16(3): 346-351.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2001.03.0346        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2001/V16/I3/346

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