Brinkley S R Jr. Calculation of the equilibrium composition of systens of many constituents. J Chem Phys,1947,15:107-110.
 Garrela R M and Thompson M E. A chemical model for seawater at 25℃ and one atmosphere total pressure. Am J Sci,1962,57-66.
 Jenne E A (ed). Chemical modeling in aqueous systems. ACS Symp Series 93,Washington D C, 1979.
 Melchior D C and Bassett R L(ed). Chemical modeling of aqueous systems.ACS Symp Series 416. Washington D C.1990.
 Nordstorm R M and Munoz J L.Geocheical thermodynamics.California: Blackwell Sci Pub,1986.
 Harvie C E, Greenberg J P and Weare J H. A chemical equilibrium algorithm for highly non-ideal multiphase systems: free energy minimization.Geochim Cosmochim Acta,1987,51:1045-1057.
 Weixin Song and Larson M A. Phase equilibrium calculation by using large-scale optimization technique. Chem Eng Sci,1991,2513-2523.
 Smith R M and Missen R W. Chemical reaction equilibrium analysis. Wiley-Interscience,New York,1982.
 Van Zeggeren F and Storey S H. The computation of chemical equilibrium. Cambridge Univ Press,1970.
 Pitzer K S. Electrolyte theory-improvements since Debye-Huckel. Acc Chem Res,1977,10:371-377.
 Pitzer K S. Theorysion interaction approach. Activity coefficients in electrolyte solutions, Vol 1.Pytkowioz R M (ed).CRC Press, Florida,157-208.
 Johaon J W,Oelkers E H and Helgeson H C.SUPCRT92:A software package for calculating the standard modal thermodynamic properties of minerals,gases,aqueoua species and reaction from 1 to 5000 bar and 0 to 1000℃. Computers & Geosciences,1992,18:899-947.
 Harvie C E and Weare J H. The prediction of mineral solubilities in natural systems:the Na-K-Mg-Ca-Cl-SO4-H2O system from zero to high concentration at 25℃. Geochim Cosmochim Acta,1980,44:981-977.
 Harvie C E,Moller N and Weare 1 H. The prediction of mineral solubilities in natural systemahe Na-K-Mg- Ca-H-Cl-SO4-OH-HCO3-CO3-CO2-H2O system to high ionic strength at 25℃. Geochim Cosmochim Acta,1984,48:723-751.
 Nordstorm D K, Plummer L N et al.Speciation, sorption, solubilities and kinetics. Chemical modeling of aqueous syslems,Jenne E A(ed),ACS Symp series 93.Washington D C,1979.857-892.
 Bassett R L and Melchior D C. Chemical modeling of aqueous systems, an overview. Chemical modeling of aqueous systems,Melchior D C and Bassett R L (ed),ACS Symp Series 416.Washington D C,1990. 1-14.
 Morel F and Morgan J J. A numerical method for computing equilibria in aqueous systems. Environ Sci Tech, 1972,6:58-67.
 McDuff R E and Morel P M. Description and use of the chemical equilibrium programm REDEQL2. Keck lab Tech Repl , EQ-73-02.California Institute of Technology,1973.
 Westall J.Zachary J L and Morel F M. MINEQL: a computer programm for the calculation of chemical equilibrium composition of aqueous system. Mass Inst Tech .Dept Civil Eng Note 18,1976.
 Westall J. MICROQL: I. A chemical equlibrium program in BASIC, II .Compution of adsorption equilibria in BASIC. Swiss Inst Tech,EAWAG,1979.
 Sposilo G and Malligod S V. GEOCHEM: A computer program (or the calculation of chemical equilibria in soil solotion and other natural water systems. Dept of Soil and Environ Sci, Uni of Calif,Riverside.1980.
 Ingle S D, Keniston J A and Schults D W. REDEQL, EPAK,aqueous chemical equilibrium program, Corvallis Environ Research Lab,Corvallis,Oregon,1979.
 Felmy A R,Girvin D and Jenne E A. MINTEQ:A computer programm for calculating aqueous geochemical equilibria. U S Env Protect Agency, EPA 68-03-3089,1984.
 Brown D S and Allison J D. U S Env Protect Agency,EPA 60013-871012,1987.
 Barnes I and Clarke F E. Chemical properties of groundwater and their corrison and erustation effects on wells. U S Geol Surv Prof Paper 498一D,1969.
 Truesdall A H and Jones B F. WATEQ, a computer programm for calculating chemical equilibria of natural water. J Res U S Geol Surv,1974,2:233-248.
 Plummer L N,Jones B F and Truesdell A H. WATEQF—A FORTRAN IV version of WATEQ,A computer programm for calculating chemical equilibria of natural water. U S Geol Surv Water Resour Invest Rept 76-13,1976.
 Ball J W,Norstorm D K and Jenne E A. Additional and revised thermochemical data-and computer code for WATEQ2-A computerized chemical model for trace and major element speciation and mineral equilibria of natural water. U S Geol Surv Water Resour Invest Rept 78-116,1980.
 Ball J W,Jenne E A and Cantrell M W. WATWQ3—a geochemical model with uranium added. U S Geol Surv Open-File Rept 81-1183,1981.
 Ball J W,Nordstorm D K and Zachman D W. U S Geol Surv Open-File Rept 87-50,1987.
 Wigley T M L. Brit Geomorph Res Group Tech Bull,1977,20.
 Kharaka V K and Barnes I. SOLMNEQ:Solution-mineral-equilibrium compulations. NTIS Tech Repl,PB 214-899,1973.
 Kharaka V K ,Gunter W D et al. U S Geol Surv Water Resour. Invest Rept 88-4227,1988.
 Helgeson H C,Brown T H.Nigrini A and Jones T A. Calculation of maas transfer in geohemical prooese involving aqueous solutions. Geochim Cosmochim Acta, 1970,34:569-592.
 Wolery T J. Calculation of chemical equilibrium between aqueous and minerals: The EQ3/6 software package. Lawrence Livermore Lab UCRL-52658,1979.
 Wolery T J.EQ3NR,A computer program for geochemical aqueous speciation-solubility calculations, user’s guide and documentation. Lawrence Livermore Lab,UCRL-53414,1983.
 Reed M H. Calculation of multicomponent chemical equilibria and reaction process involving minerals, gases, and aqueous phase.Geochim Coschim Acta,1982,46:513-528.
 Spycher N F and Reed M H. Geochim Coschim Acta,1988,52:739-749.
 Parkhurst D L,Thorestenson D C and Plummer L N. U S Geol Surv Water Resour,Invest Rept 80-60,1980.
 Plummer L N,Parkhursl D L et al.U S Geol Surv Water Resour,Invest Rept 88-4153,1988.
 Chapman B M,Jammes R O et al. Modeling the transpot of reacting chemical contaminants in natural water. Aust J Mar Freshwater Res,1982,33:617-628.
 Miller C and Bebson L. Simulation of solute transport in a chemically reactive heterogenous system: model development and appication. Water Resour Res,1982,19:381-391.
 Carnahan C L. Scientific basis for nuclear waste manegement. Bates J K and Seetefldt W B(ed), Materials Reaeach Sociaty, Pittsburgh PA,1987.