Advances in Earth Science
• Articles •
ZHAI Yusheng. HUNDRED YEARS' RETROSPECT AND DEVELOPING TREND OF MINERAL DEPOSIT GEOLOGY[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2001, 16(5): 719-725.
Some major achievements on mineral deposit geology in the past 100 years are briefly reviewed in the paper. Such achievements include: ①classification of mineral deposits by their genesis;②booming of study on strata-bound deposits and multigenesis theory of mineral deposit;③plate tectonics and metallogeny; ④mineral deposit model; ⑤study on regional metallogeny; ⑥study on super-large mineral deposits;⑦discovery of modern hydrothermal ore-forming processes in oceans and ⑧study on metallogenic age etc. In order to meet the demands of sustainable development of human society in the 21st century, the mineral deposit geology shows two new trends: ①globalization and ②harmony of ore exploitation and environmental protection. Nowadays mineral deposit geology are facing three main research fields: ①the research and formulation of new ore-forming theories;②the study and discovery of new types of mineral resources and the formation of general mineral resource geology and ③ performance of basic research on mineral deposit to satisfy the need for environmental protection. At final, the author presents some suggestions for the development of metallogenic research, include the unity of metallogeny research and mineral exploration, master the scientific thinking method and strengthen the international exchange and cooperation for metallogenic research.