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地球科学进展  2010, Vol. 25 Issue (4): 374-380    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2010.04.0374
综述与评述     
火烧对湿地生态系统影响研究进展
赵红梅1,2,于晓菲1,2,王健1,王国平1,2*
1.中国科学院湿地生态与环境重点实验室, 中科院东北地理与农业生态研究所,吉林  长春  130012;2.中国科学院研究生院, 北京  100049
Effects of fire on wetland ecosystems——a review
Zhao Hongmei1,2, Yu Xiaofei1,2, Wang Jian1, Wang Guoping1,2
1. Key Laboratory of Wetland Ecology and Environment, Northeast Institute of Geography and Agricultural Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130012 China; 2. Graduate University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
 全文: PDF(1267 KB)  
摘要:

  火烧对湿地生态系统的影响是国内外火生态学和湿地生态系统研究中的一个热点。综述了国内外关于火烧对湿地生态系统各组成部分影响的研究进展,总结了湿地火烧的特点,火烧对湿地植物生长发育、群落特征的影响,火烧对土壤理化性质、对土壤中碳氮等元素形态及分布特征的影响。并针对目前湿地火烧在研究内容和方法上存在的问题,结合国外研究特点,提出了今后国内湿地火烧的研究展望。

关键词: 火烧湿地生态系统    
Abstract:

Effects of fire on wetland ecosystem is a hot research issue for fire ecology and wetland ecology globally. Fire plays an important role in wetland ecosystem, and thus recent studies about effects of fire on wetland ecosystem are reviewed in this paper. The variations of plant growth, soil physicochemical properties and nutrient cycle (e.g. C, N) after fire in wetland ecosystem are summarized. Problems about study emphasis and methods of fire in wetland ecosystem at present are pointed out, and we find out that the changes of functions and processes of wetland after fire are fairly important and need to be discussed in more detail. Finally, this paper puts forward prospect of domestic studies of fire in wetland ecosystem in combination with the characteristics of relative researches in other countries.

Key words: Fire    Wetland    Ecosystem
收稿日期: 2009-07-14 出版日期: 2010-04-10
:  X142  
基金资助:

中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目“典型湿地物质循环过程及其环境效应研究”(编号:KZCX2-YW-309);国家自然科学基金项目“大兴安岭、长白山雨养泥炭档案纪录的尘暴演化历史”(编号:40871089)和“三江平原湿地系统双向演替下的结构、功能变化与生态效应”(编号:40830535)资助.  

通讯作者: 王国平(1964-),男,吉林德惠人, 博士,研究员,主要从事湿地演化过程及人类影响研究.     E-mail: wangguoping@neigae.ac.cn
作者简介: 赵红梅(1983-),女,山东菏泽人,博士研究生,主要从事湿地与环境方面的研究. E-mail:zhaohongmei@neigae.ac.cn
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引用本文:

赵红梅,于晓菲,王健,王国平. 火烧对湿地生态系统影响研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2010, 25(4): 374-380.

Zhao Hongmei, Yu Xiaofei, Wang Jian, Wang Guoping. Effects of fire on wetland ecosystems——a review. Advances in Earth Science, 2010, 25(4): 374-380.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2010.04.0374        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2010/V25/I4/374

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