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地球科学进展  2021, Vol. 36 Issue (7): 684-693    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2021.073
综述与评述     
水—粮食—能源—生态系统关联研究进展
王奕佳1(),刘焱序1(),宋爽1,傅伯杰1,2
1.北京师范大学地理科学学部,地表过程与资源生态国家重点实验室,北京 100875
2.中国科学院生态环境研究中心,城市与区域生态国家重点实验室,北京 100085
Research Progress of the Water-Food-Energy-Ecosystem Nexus
Yijia WANG1(),Yanxu LIU1(),Shuang SONG1,Bojie FU1,2
1.State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology,Faculty of Geographical Science,Beijing Normal University,Beijing 100875,China
2.State Key Laboratory of Urban and Regional Ecology,Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100085,China
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摘要:

传统的水—粮食—能源关联对生态系统的支持与反馈能力考虑不足,增加了协同保障区域水—粮食—能源安全的难度。综述了近年来国际上水—粮食—能源—生态系统关联框架的搭建,发现有必要从生态系统服务的角度统筹水、粮食、能源等资源部门的社会治理过程。基于生态系统类型,可分为农业、河流、森林、草地和城市生态系统的5种常见关联结构,但目前针对森林和草原生态系统的研究相对不足。量化评估中子系统边界的确定,关联预测中多主体对关联的影响,整合优化中结合资源管理和生态修复是难点所在。未来可以从把握区域特征、扩充指标体系、整合模型需求和优化国土空间4个方向入手优化水—粮食—能源—生态系统关联结构,为区域可持续发展提供整体决策依据。

关键词: 关联粮食能源生态系统可持续发展    
Abstract:

Traditional Water-Food-Energy (WFE) nexus lacks consideration of the support and feedback capacity of ecosystems, which makes it difficult to guarantee a coordinated regional water-food-energy security. Based on a review of recent international frameworks for Water-Food-Energy-Ecosystem (WFEE) nexus construction, we found that there was a need to integrate the social governance processes of water, food and energy resource sectors from the perspective of ecosystem services. On the basis of different ecosystem types, the common WFEE nexus can be classified into five ecosystems: agriculture, river, forest, grassland, and urban. There is a relative lack of research on forest and grassland ecosystems. In terms of research methods, the research difficulties are the determination of subsystem boundaries in quantitative assessment, the influence of multiple subjects on the nexus in prediction, and the combination of resource management and ecological restoration in integration and optimization. With the goal of optimizing the WFEE nexus structure and providing an overall decision basis for regional sustainable development, future research can focus on four aspects: grasping the regional characteristics, expanding the index system, integrating the model requirements, and optimizing the national space.

Key words: Nexus    Water    Food    Energy    Ecosystem    Sustainable development
收稿日期: 2021-02-26 出版日期: 2021-08-20
ZTFLH:  P963  
基金资助: 国家自然科学基金项目“黄河流域人地系统耦合机理与优化调控”(42041007);第二次青藏高原综合科学考察研究项目“生态安全屏障功能与优化体系”(2019QZKK0405)
通信作者: 刘焱序     E-mail: yijiawang27@mail.bnu.edu.cn;yanxuliu@bnu.edu.cn
作者简介: 王奕佳(1997-),女,广东汕头人,博士研究生,主要从事植被和气候相互作用与社会—生态系统研究.E-mail: yijiawang27@mail.bnu.edu.cn
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引用本文:

王奕佳,刘焱序,宋爽,傅伯杰. 水—粮食—能源—生态系统关联研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2021, 36(7): 684-693.

Yijia WANG,Yanxu LIU,Shuang SONG,Bojie FU. Research Progress of the Water-Food-Energy-Ecosystem Nexus. Advances in Earth Science, 2021, 36(7): 684-693.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2021.073        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2021/V36/I7/684

图1  从水—粮食—能源关联(a)到水—粮食—能源—生态系统关联(b)
图2  不同生态系统类型的WFEE关联框架
图3  依据27个WFEE案例整理的研究方法比较
图4  增强WFEE关联协同作用的研究展望
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