Please wait a minute...
img img
高级检索
地球科学进展  2008, Vol. 23 Issue (4): 382-389    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2008.04.0382
研究论文     
应用流量历时曲线分析黄土高原水利水保措施对河川径流的影响
穆兴民1,2,高 鹏1,2,巴桑赤烈3,张晓萍1,2
1.西北农林科技大学水土保持研究所,陕西 杨凌 712100;2.中国科学院、水利部水土保持研究所, 陕西 杨凌 712100;3.西藏自治区水文水资源勘测局,西藏 拉萨 850000
Estimating the Impact of Conservation Measures on Stream-flow Regime in Catchments of the Loess Plateau, China
Mu Xingmin1,2,Gao Peng1,2,Basang Chille3,Zhang Xiaoping1,2
1.Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Nothwest A&F University, Yangling 712100,China; 2.Chinese Academy of Sciences, Yangling 712100, China;3.The Bureau of Hydrology of Tibet, Lhasa 850000, China
 全文: PDF(1998 KB)  
摘要:

流量历时曲线(Flow Duration Curve,FDC)是用于分析流域径流特征及其变化的有效方法之一。以长序列日流量为基础,采用FDC方法并结合各流域的径流量时间变化趋势分析方法,研究了黄土高原佳芦河、秃尾河、延河和湫水河等4条流域流量变化的基本特征;通过临界年份前后两个时段序列及不同年代序列的流量历时曲线变化的比较,分析了流域径流过程对大面积水土保持措施的响应。结果表明:随水土保持措施累积面积的不断增大,佳芦河、湫水河、秃尾河的径流量逐年减少,且水土保持措施对高流量部分径流减少的程度较低流量部分大,尤以工程措施为主的湫水河流量减少最明显。在延河流域,与临界年份前的时段相比,后期的高流量部分的径流量减小,而常水和低流量部分的径流量相对增大。尽管流域水土流失综合治理并未使河川径流量增加,但由于高流量部分流量的减少程度较低流量部分径流量减少程度大,从而使流域年内日径流量变化过程趋于均匀化。

关键词: 河川径流流量曲线水土保持黄土高原黄河    
Abstract:

Catchments in the Loess Plateau have been under the influence of human activities for centuries, especially in the last several decades when soil conservation measures were accelerated and intensified. These measures were designed to reduce soil erosion, improve agricultural productivity, and enhance environmental quality. It is important to evaluate the effects of these measures on hydrology in order to develop sustainable catchments management plans in the region. This study evaluated changes in stream-flow regime for four selected catchments in the Loess Plateau following large scale soil conservation measures. Parametric and non-parametric Mann-Kendall tests were used to identify trends in annual stream-flow and results showed significant downward trends in three out of the four catchments. The Pettitt's test indicated that a change point occurred in 1978 in these three catchments. Comparison of daily flow duration curves for two 20-years periods starting and ending in the mid 1970's (i.e., mid 1950s to mid 1970s and mid 1970s to mid 1990s) showed significant changes in stream-flow regime. Reduction in most percentile flows varied between 20% to 45 %, while reduction in low flows was much greater. Overall the reductions in daily flow are increasing as a function of time, with significant changes occurred in the 1990's. However, it is not clear if these catchments have seen the full effects of the soil conservation measures.

Key words: Flow duration curve    Flow    Soil and water conservation practices    Loess Plateau
收稿日期: 2007-12-15 出版日期: 2008-04-10
:  P332.4  
基金资助:

中国科学院西部行动项目“黄土高原水土保持与可持续生态建设试验示范研究”(编号:KZCX2-XB2-05-03);国家重点基础研究发展计划项目“中国主要水蚀区土壤侵蚀过程与调控研究”(编号:2007CB407203);中国科学院“西部之光”项目“区域土地利用/覆被变化水文效应研究”资助.

通讯作者: 穆兴民     E-mail: xmmu@ms.iswc.ac.cn
作者简介: 穆兴民(1961-),男, 陕西华阴人,研究员,博士,主要从事生态水文研究.E-mail:xmmu@ms.iswc.ac.cn
服务  
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章  
穆兴民
巴桑赤烈
张晓萍
高鹏

引用本文:

穆兴民,高 鹏,巴桑赤烈,张晓萍. 应用流量历时曲线分析黄土高原水利水保措施对河川径流的影响[J]. 地球科学进展, 2008, 23(4): 382-389.

Mu Xingmin,Gao Peng,Basang Chille,Zhang Xiaoping. Estimating the Impact of Conservation Measures on Stream-flow Regime in Catchments of the Loess Plateau, China. Advances in Earth Science, 2008, 23(4): 382-389.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2008.04.0382        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2008/V23/I4/382

[1] Xu JianhuaNiu Yuguo. Impact of Water and Soil Conservancy Project on Runoff and Sediment in in Coarse and Sandy Region of Middle Reaches of the Yellow River [M]. ZhengzhouYellow River Water Conservancy Publishing House2000:158-174.[徐建华,牛玉国. 水利水保工程对黄河中游多沙粗沙区径流泥沙影响的研究[M]. 郑州: 黄河水利出版社,2000158-174.]

[2] Ran DachuanLiu LinwangZhao Liyiet al. Water and Soil Conservation and Runoff and Sediment Change in Hekou-Longmen Region in Middle Reaches of Yellow River [M]. ZhengzhouYellow River Water Conservancy Publishing House2000:124-137.[冉大川,柳林旺,赵力仪,等.黄河中游河口镇至龙门区间水土保持与水沙变化[M]. 郑州: 黄河水利出版社,2000124-137.]

[3] Mu XingminXu XuexuanChen Qiwei. Research of Eco-hydrology on the Loess Plateau [M]. Beijing: China Forestry Publishing House2001.[穆兴民,徐学选,陈霁巍,著.黄土高原生态水文研究[M].北京:中国林业出版社,2001.]

[4] Mu Xingmin. Impact of soil and water conservation on river flow and soil-hydrology on the Loess Plateau [D]. Yangling: Northwest Sci-Tech University of Agriculture and Forestry2002.[穆兴民.黄土高原水土保持对河川径流及土壤水文的影响[D].杨凌:西北农林科技大学,2002.]

[5] Huang MLu Zhang. Hydrological responses to conservation practices in a catchment of the Loess PlateauChina [J]. Hydrological. Process200418:1 885-1 898.

[6] Foster H A. Duration curves [J]. American Society of Civil Engineers Transactions193499:1 213-1 267.

[7] Vogel R MFennessey N M. Flow Duration Curves I: A New Interpretation and Confidence Intervals [J]. Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management19941204:210-215.

[8] Smakhtin V U. A Concept of Pragmatic Hydrological Time Series Modeling and Its Application in South African Context [M]. Ninth South African National Hydrology Symposium1999:1-11.

[9] Best A EZhang L. Development of a model for predicting the changes in flow duration curves due to altered land use conditions [J]. Hydrological Process200418:1 885-1 898.

[10] Mu XingminBashang ChileGao Penget al. Impact of soil conservation measures on runoff and sediment in Hekou-Longmen region of the Yellow River [J]. Journal of Sediment Research2007,(2: 36-41.[穆兴民,巴桑赤烈,高鹏,等.黄河河口镇至龙门区间来水来沙变化及其对水利水保措施的响应[J].泥沙研究,2007,(2:36-41.

 

[1] 张琪琳, 王占礼, 王栋栋, 刘俊娥. 黄土高原草地植被对土壤侵蚀影响研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2017, 32(10): 1093-1101.
[2] 李朝柱,张晓,许元斌,饶志国. 黄土高原地区晚中新世以来陆地植被C3/C4植物相对丰度演化研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2012, 27(3): 284-291.
[3] 卢善龙,吴炳方,闫娜娜,李发鹏,文美平,王京. 河川径流遥感监测研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2010, 25(8): 820-826.
[4] 李宏宇,张强,王胜. 陇中黄土高原夏季陆面辐射和热量特征研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2010, 25(10): 1070-1081.
[5] 张强,胡向军,王胜,刘宏谊,张杰,王润元. 黄土高原陆面过程试验研究(LOPEX)有关科学问题[J]. 地球科学进展, 2009, 24(4): 363-372.
[6] 楚良海,刘文兆,朱元骏,李双江. 黄土高原沟壑区通量数据空间代表性研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2009, 24(2): 211-218.
[7] 张强,王胜. 关于黄土高原陆面过程及其观测试验研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2008, 23(2): 167-173.
[8] 马乐宽,李天宏,刘国彬. 基于水土保持的流域生态环境需水研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2008, 23(10): 1102-1110.
[9] 王润元,杨兴国,张九林,王德民,梁东升,张立功. 陇东黄土高原土壤储水量与蒸发和气候研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2007, 22(6): 625-635.
[10] 任美锷. 黄河的输沙量:过去、现在和将来——距今15万年以来的黄河泥沙收支表[J]. 地球科学进展, 2006, 21(6): 551-563.
[11] 杨启国;杨兴国;马鹏里;王润元;刘宏谊. 陇中黄土高原冬季地表辐射和能量平衡特征[J]. 地球科学进展, 2005, 20(9): 1012-1021.
[12] 孙秉强;张强;董安祥;陈少勇. 甘肃黄土高原土壤水分气候特征[J]. 地球科学进展, 2005, 20(9): 1041-1046.
[13] 李勉;姚文艺;李占斌. 黄土高原草本植被水土保持作用研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2005, 20(1): 74-080.
[14] 任美锷. 气候变化对全新世以来中国东部政治、经济和社会发展影响的初步研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2004, 19(5): 695-698.
[15] 中国科学院学部. 关于进一步在黄土高原地区贯彻中央退耕还林(草)方针的若干建议[J]. 地球科学进展, 2003, 18(2): 168-171.