Please wait a minute...
img img
高级检索
地球科学进展  2016, Vol. 31 Issue (2): 126-136    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2016.02.0126
综述与评述     
煤矿复垦生物多样性保护与恢复研究进展
王 军1,李红涛2,郭义强1,王平安2
1.国土资源部土地整治中心土地整治重点实验室, 北京 100035;
2.中国地质大学 土地科学技术学院, 北京 100083
Research Progress and Perspectives on Biodiversity Conservation and Restoration of Coal Mine Reclamation Area
Wang Jun1, Li Hongtao2, Guo Yiqiang1, Wang Ping’an2
1.Key Laboratory of Land Consolidation and Rehabilitation, Ministry of Land and Resources, Beijing 100035,China;
2.School of Land Science and Technology, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China
 全文: PDF(1149 KB)   HTML
摘要: 生物多样性为煤矿区生态系统提供了诸多生态系统功能和服务,对改善矿区环境、矿区可持续发展有着重要的作用和意义。从煤矿开采—损毁—复垦全过程出发,介绍了开采前生物多样性保护规划与生物多样性调查、监测、评价技术;阐述了煤矿开采、运营阶段,保护表土资源中土壤种子库、土壤动物、生物土壤结皮以及边采边复的优化开采技术等生物多样性保护的主要内容与技术;分析了煤矿复垦阶段影响生物多样性恢复的关键因素,论述了煤矿复垦生物多样性恢复中土壤改良、植被重建的主要进展;最后提出了未来煤矿区生物多样性保护、恢复研究的发展方向,以期为我国煤矿复垦生物多样性保护与恢复提供科学参考。
关键词: 生物多样性保护规划胁迫梯度土壤改良植被重建    
Abstract: Biodiversity provides many ecosystem functions and services in the coal mine areas and plays an important role in improving the environment and sustainable development of mining area. From the view of coal mining-damage-the whole process of reclamation, the biodiversity conservation planning and biodiversity survey, monitoring and evaluation technology were briefly introduced before coal exploiting. The main contents for biodiversity conservation and technology including the protection of topsoil seed bank, soil fauna, biological soil crusts and optimization techniques of concurrent mining and reclamation during coal mining and the operational phase were elaborated. The key factors affecting biodiversity restoration in land reclamation stage were analyzed. The research on soil improvement and revegetation was discussed. Finally, the development direction of research about conservation and restoration of biodiversity in land reclamation of coal mine were proposed. It may provide some ideas for further promoting the research in this area.
Key words: Biodiversity    Conservation planning    Stress gradient    Revegetation.    Soil improvement
收稿日期: 2015-10-22 出版日期: 2016-02-10
:  P618.11  
基金资助: 国土资源公益性行业科研专项项目“典型露天煤矿复垦生物多样性恢复研究”(编号:201411017)资助.
作者简介: 王军(1970-),男,河南新乡人,研究员,主要从事景观生态学、土地可持续利用与土地整理研究.E-mail:wangjun@lcrc.org.cn
服务  
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章  
李红涛
王平安
王 军
郭义强

引用本文:

王 军, 李红涛, 郭义强, 王平安. 煤矿复垦生物多样性保护与恢复研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2016, 31(2): 126-136.

Wang Jun, Li Hongtao, Guo Yiqiang, Wang Ping’an. Research Progress and Perspectives on Biodiversity Conservation and Restoration of Coal Mine Reclamation Area. Advances in Earth Science, 2016, 31(2): 126-136.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2016.02.0126        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2016/V31/I2/126

[1] Yang Yongjun, Zhang Shaoliang, Hou Huping, et al. The ecological impacts of coal mining and the regional differentiation[J]. China Land Sciences, 2015,29(1):55-62.[杨永均, 张绍良, 侯湖平, 等. 煤炭开采的生态效应及其地域分异[J]. 中国土地科学,2015,29(1):55-62.]
[2] Shu Wensheng, Zhang Zhiquan, Lan Chongyu, et al. Strategies for restoration of mining wastelands in China(I)[J]. Ecologic Science, 2000, 19(2) : 24-29.[束文圣, 张志权, 蓝崇钰, 等. 中国矿业废弃地的复垦对策研究(I)[J]. 生态科学, 2000, 19(2): 24-29.]
[3] Luo Ming, Wang Jun. Two-wheel drive strength: The inspiration to China for Australian land reclamation system construction and science and technology research[J]. China Land,2012,4:51-53.[罗明, 王军. 双轮驱动有力量: 澳大利亚土地复垦制度建设与科技研究对我国的启示[J]. 中国土地,2012,4:51-53.]
[4] Tilman D. Causes,consequences and ethics of biodiversity[J]. Nature, 2000, 405(6 783): 208-211.
[5] Crawley M J, Harral J E. Scale dependence in plant biodiversity[J]. Science, 2001, 291(5 505): 864-868.
[6] Hu Zhenqi, Xiao Wu, Wang Peijun, et al. Concurrent mining and reclamation for underground coal mining[J]. Journal of China Coal Society, 2013, 38(2): 301-307.[胡振琪, 肖武, 王培俊, 等. 试论井工煤矿边开采边复垦技术[J]. 煤炭学报, 2013, 38(2): 301-307.]
[7] Miller J R. Restoration reconciliation and reconnecting with nature nearby[J].Biological Conservation, 2006, 127(3): 356-361.
[8] Wu Gang, Wei Dong, Zhou Zhengda, et al. A summary of study on ecological restoration technology of large coal bases construction in China[J].Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2014,34(11): 2 812-2 820.[吴钢, 魏东, 周政达, 等. 我国大型煤炭基地建设的生态恢复技术研究综述[J]. 生态学报, 2014, 34(11): 2 812-2 820.]
[9] Qian Minggao. On sustainable coal mining in China[J]. Journal of China Coal Society, 2010,35(4):529-534.[钱鸣高. 煤炭的科学开采[J]. 煤炭学报,2010,35(4):529-534.]
[10] Wang Jun, Guo Yiqiang, Zhang Ya’nan. Land reclamation and ecological reconstruction of mining areas[J]. Areal Research and Development, 2014, 33(6):113-116.[王军, 郭义强, 张亚男. 矿区土地复垦与生态重建[J]. 地域研究与开发, 2014, 33(6):113-116.]
[11] Bian Zhengfu, Xu Jialin, Lei Shaogang. Discussion on mine ecological construction[J]. Journal of China Coal Society, 2007,32(1):13-19.[卞正富, 许家林, 雷少刚. 论矿山生态建设[J]. 煤炭学报,2007,32(1):13-19.]
[12] Wang Linlin, Hu Zhenqi, Zhao Yanling, et al. Planning methods of ecological restoration for coal mining area in China and its case study[J]. Metal Mine, 2007,5:17-20.[王霖琳, 胡振琪,赵艳玲,等. 中国煤矿区生态修复规划的方法与实例[J]. 金属矿山,2007,5:17-20.]
[13] Liang Liuke, Chang Jiang, Wu Cifang. Study on the ecological restoration of landscape in Germany mining regions and reference to China[J]. Economic Geography, 2002, 22(6): 711-715.[梁留科, 常江, 吴次芳. 德国煤矿区景观生态重建/土地复垦及对中国的启示[J]. 经济地理, 2002, 22(6): 711-715.]
[14] Chang Jiang, Chen Xiaolu. Landscape strategies in collapsed coal mining area planning: Qingshanquan town example[J]. Planners, 2010, 26(12): 59-63.[常江, 陈晓璐. 采煤塌陷区生态修复规划中的景观策略与方法——以青山泉镇塌陷地生态修复规划为例[J]. 规划师, 2010, 26(12): 59-63.]
[15] Li Taiqi, Zhao Like, Gao Rongjiu. Design and implementation of information management system about coal mine land reclamation[J]. Mine Surveying, 2014,(1): 88-91.[李太启, 赵丽科, 高荣久. 矿区土地复垦规划数据库设计与实现[J]. 矿山测量, 2014,(1): 88-91.]
[16] Yu Kongjian, Li Dihua, Duan Tiewu. Landscape approaches in biodiversity conservation[J]. Biodiversity Science,1998, 6(3): 205-212.[俞孔坚, 李迪华, 段铁武. 生物多样性保护的景观规划途径[J]. 生物多样性, 1998, 6(3): 205-212.]
[17] Wang Jun, Yan Shenchun, Bai Zhongke, et al. Review on landscape patterns of land consolidation and the ecological effects[J]. China Land Sciences,2012,26(9):87-94.[王军, 严慎纯, 白中科, 等. 土地整理的景观格局与生态效应研究综述[J]. 中国土地科学, 2012,26(9):87-94.]
[18] Huang Yuanfang, Zhang Shiwen, Zhang Liping, et al. Research progress on conservation and restoration of biodiversity in land reclamation of opencast coal mine[J]. Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery,2015,46(8):72-82.[黄元仿, 张世文,张立平, 等. 露天煤矿土地复垦生物多样性保护与恢复研究进展[J]. 农业机械学报, 2015,46(8):72-82.]
[19] Cui Yan, Zhang Jidong, Bai Zhongke, et al. Comparative study on soil macro-fauna under different recovery plantations in an strip coalmine[J].Ecology and Environment, 2008, 17(3): 1 024-1 027.[崔艳, 张继栋, 白中科, 等. 露天煤矿不同恢复植被大型土壤动物群落比较[J]. 生态环境, 2008, 17(3): 1 024-1 027.]
[20] Nanos G D, Ilias I F. Effects of inert dust on olive leaf physiological parameters[J]. Environmental Science and Pollution Research-International, 2007,14(3): 212-214.
[21] Li Xinrong, Zhang Yuanming, Zhao Yunge. A study of biological soil crusts: Recent development, trend and prospect[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2009,24(1):11-24.[李新荣,张元明,赵允格. 生物土壤结皮研究:进展、前沿与展望[J]. 地球科学进展,2009,24(1):11-24.]
[22] Wei Tingting, Hu Zhenqi, Cao Yuanbo, et al. Effect of coal mining on soil physical properties and soil crust in windy desert area[J]. Bulletin of Soil and Water Conservation, 2015,35(2):106-110.[魏婷婷,胡振琪,曹远博,等. 风沙区煤炭开采对土壤物理性质和结皮的影响[J]. 水土保持通报,2015,35(2):106-110.]
[23] Wang Linlin, Hu Zhenqi. Ecological restoration plan for resource-exhausted mining areas and case studies[J]. Modern Urban Research, 2009,7: 28-29.[王霖琳, 胡振琪. 资源枯竭矿区生态修复规划及其实例研究[J]. 现代城市研究, 2009,7: 28-29.]
[24] Li Qingquan, Zhou Baoding. Smart-phone- based individual indoor spatiotemporal behavior analysis[J]. Progress in Geography, 2015, 34(4): 457-465.[李清泉, 周宝定. 基于智能手机的个体室内时空行为分析[J]. 地理科学进展, 2015, 34(4): 457-465.]
[25] Antwi E K, Wiegleb G. Standards and indicators for monitoring impact of disturbance on biodiversity in a post-mining area using GIS[M]∥Schmidt M,Glasson J, Emmelin L, et al. Standards and Thresholds for Impact Assessment.Berlin: Springer, 2008.
[26] Yao Feng, Guli Jiapaer, Bao Anming, et al. Damage assessment of the vegetable types based on remote sensing in the open coalmine of arid desert area[J]. China Environmental Science,2013,33(4): 707-713.[姚峰, 古丽·加帕尔, 包安明, 等. 基于遥感技术的干旱荒漠区露天煤矿植被群落受损评估[J].中国环境科学, 2013, 33(4): 707-713.]
[27] Huang Dan, Liu Qingsheng, Liu Gaohuan. Remote sensing monitoring and effect evaluation on ecological restoration of Heidaigoucoal mining[J]. Remote Sensing Technology and Application, 2014, 29(1):69-74.[黄丹, 刘庆生, 刘高焕. 黑岱沟煤矿生态修复遥感监测及效果评价[J]. 遥感技术与应用, 2014, 29(1): 69-74.]
[28] Failing L, Gregory R, Harstone M. Integrating science and local knowledge in environmental risk management: A decision-focused approach[J]. Ecological Economics, 2007, 64(1): 47-60.
[29] Su Chao, Zhang Hong, Liang Xun. Exploration of ecosystem risk management based on fuzzy cognitive map[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2014, 34(20): 5 993-6 001.[苏超, 张红, 梁迅. 基于模糊认知图的生态风险管理探究[J]. 生态学报, 2014, 34(20): 5 993-6 001.]
[30] Peng Jian, Lü Huiling, Liu Yanxu, et al. International research progress and perspectives on multifunctional landscape[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2015, 30(4):465-476.[彭建, 吕慧玲, 刘焱序, 等. 国内外多功能景观研究进展与展望[J]. 地球科学进展, 2015, 30(4):465-476.]
[31] Simpson R L. Ecology of Soil Seed Band[M]. San Diego:Academic Press, 1989:149-209.
[32] Yan Qiaoling, Liu Zhimin, Li Rongping. A review on persistent soil seed bank study[J].Chinese Journal of Ecology,2005,24(8): 948-952.[闫巧玲,刘志民,李荣平. 持久土壤种子库研究综述[J]. 生态学杂志,2005,24(8):948-952.]
[33] Liang Yaoyuan, Li Hongyuan, Mo Xunqiang, et al. Topsoil application in vegetation restoration in Japan[J].Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology,2009, 20(11): 2 832-2 838.[梁耀元, 李洪远, 莫训强, 等.表土在日本植被恢复中的应用[J]. 应用生态学报,2009, 20(11):2 832-2 838.]
[34] Shen Zhangjun, Ou Zulan, Tian Shengni, et al. Characters of soil seed bank in copper tailings and its adjacent habitat[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2013, 33(7): 2 121-2 130.[沈章军, 欧祖兰, 田胜尼, 等. 铜尾矿废弃地与相邻生境土壤种子库特征的比较[J]. 生态学报, 2013, 33(7): 2 121-2 130.]
[35] Mo Ai, Zhou Yaozhi, Yang Jianjun. Characteristics of soil seed banks of abandoned coal mine area in northern slope of Tianshan Mountains[J]. Soil and Water Conservation in China, 2014,34(7):47-50.[莫爱, 周耀治, 杨建军. 天山北坡煤矿废弃地土壤种子库特征研究[J]. 中国水土保持, 2014,34(7): 47-50.]
[36] Chang Qing, Zhang Dawei, Li Xue, et al. Soil seed bank research of China mining areas: Necessity and challenges[J]. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2011, 22(5): 1 343-1 350.[常青, 张大维, 李雪, 等. 中国矿区土壤种子库研究的必要性与挑战[J]. 应用生态学报, 2011, 22(5): 1 343-1 350.]
[37] Zhang Tao, He Mingzhu, Chen Zhiping, et al. Spatial-temporal dynamic of soil seed banks of heavy metals habitat at wasted lands in drought mining area[J]. Bulletin of Soil and Water Conservation,2014,34(4):296-300.[张涛, 何明珠, 陈智平, 等. 干旱矿区废弃地重金属生境土壤种子库时空动态[J]. 水土保持通报, 2014,34(4):296-300.]
[38] Cui Zhendong. Function of soil fauna[J]. Chinese Journal of Zoology,1985, 20(2): 48-52.[崔振东. 土壤动物的作用[J]. 动物学杂志, 1985, 20(2): 48-52.]
[39] Jean-Pierre Rossi, Jérme Mathieu, Miguel Cooper, et al. Soil macro faunal biodiversity in Amazonian pastures: Matching sampling with patterns[J]. Soil Biology & Biochemistry,2006, 38(8): 2 178-2 187.
[40] Qi Yanhong. Study on soil animals' recultivation function of the deserted land by mining[J]. Territory & Natural Resources Study, 2005,(1):61-62.[齐艳红.土壤动物对矿区废弃地复垦作用的研究[J]. 国土与自然资源研究,2005,(1): 61-62.]
[41] Zhao Yang, Zhang Peng, Hu Yigang, et al. Effect of re-vegetation types on colonization and growth of biological soil crusts of dumping site in open pit coal mine of Heidaigou[J]. Chinese Journal of Ecology,2014,33(2): 269-275.[赵洋, 张鹏, 胡宜刚,等. 黑岱沟露天煤矿排土场不同植被配置对生物土壤结皮拓殖和发育的影响[J]. 生态学杂志, 2014,33(2): 269-275.]
[42] Kabas S, Acosta J A, Zornoza R, et al. Integration of landscape reclamation and design in a mine tailing in Cartagena-La Unión, SE Spain[J]. International Journal of Energy and Environment,2011, 5(2): 301-308.
[43] Hu Zhenqi, Xiao Wu. New idea and new technology of mine land reclamation: Concurrent mining and reclamation[J]. Coal Science and Technology, 2013, 41(9): 178-181.[胡振琪, 肖武. 矿山土地复垦的新理念与新技术——边采边复[J]. 煤炭科学技术, 2013, 41(9): 178-181.]
[44] Du Tao, Bi Yinli. Effects of surface cracks on microorganisms quantity and enzyme activities in the rhizosphere of artemisia ordosica and its dynamic evolution characteristics[J]. Science and Technology Review, 2013, 31(18): 39-43.[杜涛, 毕银丽. 地表裂缝对油蒿根际生物活性的影响及其动态演变特征[J]. 科技导报, 2013, 31(18): 39-43.]
[45] Zhang Zhengfeng, Zhao Wei. Effects of land consolidation on ecological environment[J]. Transactions of the CSAE, 2007, 23(8): 281-285.[张正峰, 赵伟. 土地整理的生态环境效应分析[J]. 农业工程学报, 2007, 23(8): 281-285.]
[46] Wang Jun, Li Zheng, Bai Zhongke, et al. Progress and prospect of ecological environment impact of land consolidation[J]. Transactions of the CSAE, 2011, 27(13): 340-345.[王军, 李正, 白中科, 等. 土地整理对生态环境影响的研究进展与展望[J]. 农业工程学报, 2011, 27(13):340-345.]
[47] Mao Qizheng, Ma Keming, Wu Jianguo, et al. An overview of advances in distributional pattern of urban biodiversity[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2013, 33(4): 1 051-1 064.[毛齐正, 马克明, 邬建国, 等. 城市生物多样性分布格局研究进展[J]. 生态学报, 2013, 33(4): 1 051-1 064.]
[48] Callaway R M. Positive Interactions and Interdependence in Plant Communities[M].The Netherlands: Springer-Verlag, Dordrecht,2007.
[49] Brooker R W, Maestre F T, Callaway R M, et al. Facilitation in plant communities: The past, the present, and the future[J]. Journal of Ecology, 2008, 96(1):18-34.
[50] Harris J A, Birch P, Palmer J. Land Restoration and Reclamation: Principles and Practice[M]. England: Longman, 1996.
[51] Liu Qingbo. Study on Plant Resume Skill Discard Land of Loal Mine in Semi-arid Region[D]. Shenyang:Shenyang Agricultural University, 2001.[刘青柏. 半干旱地区煤矿废弃地植被恢复技术的研究[D]. 沈阳:沈阳农业大学, 2001.]
[52] Wei Zhongyi, Ma Rui, Bai Zhongke, et al. Research on water erosion characteristics and its control measures in large dump of opencast coal mine in loess area—In the case of the south dump of ATB opencast coal mine[J]. Journal of Soil Water Conservation, 2004, 18(1): 164-167.[魏忠义, 马锐, 白中科, 等. 露天矿大型排土场水蚀特征及其植被控制效果研究——以安太堡露天煤矿南排土场为例[J]. 水土保持学报, 2004, 18(1): 164-167.]
[53] Loydi A, Eckstein R L, Otte A. et al. Effects of litter on seedling establishment in natural and semi-natural grasslands: A meta-analysis[J]. Journal of Ecology, 2012, 101(2):454-464.
[54] Wang Jinman, Guo Lingli, Bai Zhongke, et al. Succession law of reclaimed soil and vegetation on opencast coal mine dump of loess area[J]. Transactions of the CSAE, 2013, 29(21): 223-232.[王金满, 郭凌俐, 白中科, 等. 黄土区露天煤矿排土场复垦后土壤与植被的演变规律[J]. 农业工程学报, 2013, 29(21): 223-232.]
[55] Guo Donggang, Zhao Bingqing, Shangguan Tieliang, et al. Dynamic parameters of plant communities partially reflect the soil quality improvement in eco-reclamation area of an opencast coal mine[J]. Clean: Soil, Air, Water, 2013, 41(10):1 018-1 026.
[56] Yang Qinxue, Zhao Bingqing, Guo Donggang. A review on vegetation restoration of opencast coal mine areas in northern China[J]. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 2015, 34(4):1 152-1 157.[杨勤学, 赵冰清, 郭东罡.中国北方露天煤矿区植被恢复研究进展[J]. 生态学杂志, 2015, 34(4):1 152-1 157.]
[57] Lü Chunjuan, Bai Zhongke, Chen Weiguo. Ecological reclamation effect of mining dump in loess area[J]. Bulletin of Soil and Water Conservation, 2011, 31(6): 232-236.[吕春娟, 白中科, 陈卫国. 黄土区采煤排土场生态复垦工程实施成效分析[J]. 水土保持通报, 2011, 31(6): 232-236.]
[58] Liu Rentao, Zhao Halin. Responses of soil macro-fauna to land desertification in sandy grassland[J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2012,32(2): 557-566.[刘任涛, 赵哈林. 沙质草地生境中大型土壤动物对土地沙漠化的响应[J]. 生态学报,2012,32(2): 557-566.]
[59] Wang Gailing, Bai Zhongke, Zhao Jingkui. Robinia growth on the dump of ANTAIBAO open-pit mine[J]. Energy Environmental Protection, 2000, 14(2): 21-24.[王改玲, 白中科, 赵景奎. 安太堡露天煤矿排土场刺槐生长状况研究[J]. 煤炭环境保护, 2000, 14(2): 21-24.]
[60] Gu Wei, Shao Qi, Dai Quanyu, et al. Rock slope classification based on vegetation restoration and habitat reconstruction technology of slope surface[J]. Journal of Basic Science and Engineering, 2012, 20(5): 745-758.[顾卫, 邵琪, 戴泉玉, 等. 基于坡面植被恢复的岩质边坡分类及生境再造技术研究[J]. 应用基础与工程科学学报, 2012, 20(5): 745-758.]
[61] Rowe E C, Healey J R, Edwards-Jones G, et al. Fertilizer application during primary succession changes the structure of plant and herbivore communities[J]. Biological Conservation, 2006, 131(4): 510-522.
[62] Bell L C. Establishment of native ecosystems after mining—Australian experience across diverse biogeographic zones[J]. Ecological Engineering, 2001, 17(2): 179-186.
[63] Pichtel J R, Dick W A, Sutton P. Comparison of amendments and management practices for long-term reclamation of abandoned mine lands[J]. Journal of Environmental Quality, 1994,23(4): 766-772.
[64] Zhao Z Q, Shahrour I, Bai Z K, et al. Soils development in opencast coal mine spoils reclaimed for 13 years in the West-Northern Loess Plateau of China[J]. European Journal of Soil Biology, 2013, 55(3): 40-46.
[65] Wang Jinman, Zhang Meng, Bai Zhongke, et al. Multi-fractal characteristics of reconstructed soil particle in opencast coal minedump in loess area[J]. Transactions of the CSAE, 2014, 30(4): 230-238.[王金满, 张萌, 白中科, 等. 黄土区露天煤矿排土场重构土壤颗粒组成的多重分形特征[J]. 农业工程学报, 2014, 30(4): 230-238.]
[66] Li Shaopeng, Bi Yinli, Yu Haiyang, et al. Simulation on reliefing negative influence of damage roots on growth of maize by application of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi[J]. Transactions of the CSAE, 2013, 29(23): 211-216.[李少朋, 毕银丽, 余海洋, 等. 模拟矿区复垦接种丛枝菌根缓解伤根对玉米生长影响[J]. 农业工程学报, 2013, 29(23): 211-216.]
[67] Parrotta J A. The role of plantation forests in rehabilitating degraded ecosystems[J]. Agriculture, Ecosystems, Environment,1992, 41(2):115-133.
[68] Wen J D, Hai R, Sheng Li F, et al. Natural recovery of different areas of a deserted quarry in South China[J]. Journal of Environmental Sciences,2008, 20(4): 476-481.
[69] Novák J, Prach K. Artificial sowing of endangered dry grassland species into disused basalt quarries[J]. Flora-Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants,2011, 205(3): 179-183.
[70] Zhang Hongling, Sun Li’na, Sun Tieheng, et al. Substrate amelioration and vegetation reconstruction in ecological remediation of abandoned mines: Research advances[J]. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 2012, 31(2): 460-467.[张鸿龄, 孙丽娜, 孙铁珩. 矿山废弃地生态修复过程中基质改良与植被重建研究进展[J]. 生态学杂志, 2012, 31(2): 460-467.]
[71] Yang Zhenyi, Xue Li, Xu Jianxin. Advances in ecology restoration of abandoned quarries[J].Acta Ecologica Sinica,2012, 32(16): 5 264-5 274.[杨振意, 薛立, 许建新. 采石场废弃地的生态重建研究进展[J]. 生态学报, 2012, 32(16): 5 264-5 274.]
[72] Liu Weihua, Zhao Bingqing, Bai Zhongke, et al. Correlation of soil nutrients and plant community in ecological reclamation of opencast coal mine in a semiarid area[J]. Chinese Journal of Ecology,2014, 33(9): 2 369-2 375.[刘卫华, 赵冰清, 白中科, 等. 半干旱区露天矿生态复垦土壤养分与植物群落相关分析[J]. 生态学杂志, 2014, 33(9): 2 369-2 375.]
[73] Feng J, Ma Y. Study on selection of slope protection plantation varieties in acid soil mine area reclamation[J]. Metal Mine Design and Construction,2001, 33(1): 28-34.
[74] Li Daoliang, Wang Ying. A plant species selection model for revegetation of abandoned land contaminated from coal mining activities[J]. Systems Engineering-Theory and Practice,2005, (8): 140-144.[李道亮, 王莹. 煤矿废弃地植物恢复品种选择模型研究[J]. 系统工程理论与实践, 2005,(8): 140-144.]
[75] Kang Ensheng,Song Ziling,Pang Wenjuan. Application of diversify of living principle in reclamation of mining wasteland[J]. Opencast Coal Mining Technology,2006,(5): 78-80.[康恩胜, 宋子岭, 庞文娟. 生物多样性原理在采煤废弃地复垦中的应用[J]. 露天采矿技术, 2006,(5): 78-80.]
[76] Guo Donggang. Dynamics of Spatial-temporal Pattern of Vegetation and Soil Quality during the Restoration in Opencast Coal Mine Dump[D]. Beijing: China University of Geosciences, 2012.[郭东罡. 露天煤矿排土场植被恢复时空格局与土壤质量动态研究[D]. 北京: 中国地质大学, 2012.]
[77] Tai Peidong, Sun Tieheng, Jia Hongyu, et al. Restoration for refuse dump of open-cast mine in steppe region[J]. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 2002,16(3):90-93.[台培东, 孙铁珩, 贾宏宇,等. 草原地区露天矿排土场土地复垦技术研究[J]. 水土保持学报,2002,16(3):90-93.]
[78] Fan Wenhua, Bai Zhongke, Li Huifeng, et al. Effects of different vegetation restoration patterns and reclamation years on microbes in reclaimed soil[J].Transactions of the CSAE,2011, 27(2): 330-336.[樊文华, 白中科, 李慧峰, 等. 不同复垦模式及复垦年限对土壤微生物的影响[J]. 农业工程学报, 2011, 27(2): 330-336.]
[1] 邓涛, 王晓鸣, 王世骐, 李强, 侯素宽. 中国新近纪哺乳动物群的演化与青藏高原隆升的关系[J]. 地球科学进展, 2015, 30(4): 407-415.
[2] 苏强. 群落物种多度格局的分形解析[J]. 地球科学进展, 2015, 30(10): 1144-1150.
[3] 武玉, 徐刚, 吕迎春, 邵宏波. 生物炭对土壤理化性质影响的研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2014, 29(1): 68-79.
[4] 张均龙, 徐奎栋. 海山生物多样性研究进展与展望[J]. 地球科学进展, 2013, 28(11): 1209-1216.
[5] 何亚婷,齐玉春,董云社,彭琴,肖胜生,刘欣超. 外源氮输入对草地土壤微生物特性影响的研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2010, 25(8): 877-885.
[6] 王丽,陈尚,任大川,柯淑云,李京梅,王栋. 基于条件价值法评估罗源湾海洋生物多样性维持服务价值[J]. 地球科学进展, 2010, 25(8): 886-892.
[7] 孙晓霞,孙松 . 深海化能合成生态系统研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2010, 25(5): 552-560.
[8] 魏玉利,王 鹏,赵美训,张传伦. 黑潮源区沉积物微生物多样性初步研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2010, 25(2): 212-219.
[9] 张永民. 生物多样性的保育及可持续利用对策[J]. 地球科学进展, 2009, 24(6): 662-667.
[10] 李新荣,何明珠,贾荣亮. 黑河中下游荒漠区植物多样性分布对土壤水分变化的响应[J]. 地球科学进展, 2008, 23(7): 685-691.
[11] 王丽玲,林景星,胡建芳. 深海热液喷口生物群落研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2008, 23(6): 604-612.
[12] 周杨明,于秀波,于贵瑞. 自然资源和生态系统管理的生态系统方法:概念、原则与应用[J]. 地球科学进展, 2007, 22(2): 171-178.
[13] 孙松,孙晓霞. 国际海洋生物普查计划[J]. 地球科学进展, 2007, 22(10): 1081-1086.
[14] 王兆印,程东升,何易平,王洪铸. 西南山区河流阶梯—深潭系统的生态学作用[J]. 地球科学进展, 2006, 21(4): 409-416.
[15] 张志强. 地球难以承载人类重负——《生命行星报告2004》解读[J]. 地球科学进展, 2005, 20(4): 378-383.